• Independent films and streaming platforms: access difficulties for peruvian filmmakers

      Mateo, Jazmin; Gomero, Giancarlo (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022-01-01)
      The pandemic caused by COVID-19 has created an uncertain scenario for independent films, forcing them to explore other exhibition opportunities and having streaming as the protagonist. In this context, identifying the access gaps that Peruvian cinema have for entering the international market in a digital environment is a topic of current interest. This article aims to identify the difficulties encountered by Peruvian independent films in order to enter the main platforms (Netflix, HBO, Amazon Prime, among others). The methodology used is based on semi-structured interviews conducted to Peruvian filmmakers who have had the experience of having their films via streaming. In order to understand better the object of study, an in-depth interview was conducted to the General Management of Guarango Cine y Video, which is a production studio specialized in post-production, delivery and preparation of films for digital platform. For analyzing the results, there is a classification proposal of difficulties: technical, economical, production and socio-cultural. These four categories and their effect on film circulation are the central axis of this research. The most important findings of the research suggest that economic issues and the lack of knowledge or planning in terms of distribution possibilities are the main and transversal difficulties encountered by independent Peruvian filmmakers to exhibit on streaming platforms.
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    • Mental Health Projects for University Students: A Systematic Review of the Scientific Literature Available in Portuguese, English, and Spanish

      Suyo-Vega, Josefina Amanda; Meneses-La-Riva, Monica Elisa; Fernández-Bedoya, Víctor Hugo; Polonia, Ana da Costa; Miotto, Angélica Inês; Alvarado-Suyo, Sofía Almendra; Ocupa-Cabrera, Hitler Giovanni; Alarcón-Martínez, Maricela (Frontiers Media S.A., 2022-07-11)
      The mental health of college students has been the source of research, projects, and public policies involving education, health, and psychology professionals. Having as its axis the study of mental health and the phenomenon of psychological illness, this systematic review aims to characterize mental health programs directed to college students, as well as the forms of interventions offered to reduce the incidence of psychological disorders. From the proposal, a survey was conducted in the databases Scopus, Lilacs, and the repository Alicia, in the period between 2010 and 2021, choosing the search phrase “Programas de saúde mental para universitários” in Portuguese, “Mental health projects for university students” in English, and “Proyectos en salud mental para estudiantes universitarios” in Spanish. The research areas spanned humanities and social sciences, with peer-reviewed and open access articles. The questions that instigated the study were as follows: What are the mental health problems affecting college students? What type of strategy has been adopted to map the demands of university students in relation to mental illness? How can the university space reorganize itself to work on interventional-preventive aspects, according to the studies? Initially, 740 203 articles were obtained, and after sifting through 13 productions, using the PRISMA systematization. Despite several research interrelating mental health and university space, most were dedicated to data collection, using questionnaires, inventories, and scales, standardized and non-standardized. Only three studies described intervention projects and programs to reduce the problems of psychological distress in college students. Unanimously, the investigations emphasize the need for monitoring the higher education population regarding mental health and, in parallel, the implementation of institutional public policies to meet the students' demands and reduce the rates of problems in the educational field.
      Acceso abierto
    • Method for Designing Countermeasures for Crypto-Ransomware Based on the NIST CSF

      Torres-Calderon, Hector; Velasquez, Marco; Mauricio, David (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022-01-01)
      Crypto-ransomware are malicious programs that encrypt the data of an infected machine, making it a hostage until the owner of the device decides to pay the fee to recover their information. This has become a complex cybersecurity problem causing more and more economic damage. Crypto-ransomware has rendered cybersecurity models not adequate since they do not establish specific guidelines for the design of countermeasures. This paper proposes a method for the design of countermeasures related to crypto-ransomware attacks based on the NIST 800–53 revision 4 standard and the Information Security Maturity Model published by ISACA in the COBIT Focus magazine. The model consists of five phases: identify vulnerabilities, assess vulnerabilities, propose countermeasures, implement countermeasures, and evaluate countermeasures. This allows an organization to measure its current cybersecurity state, know cybersecurity measures oriented to crypto-ransomware and its prioritization through criticality indexes in a simple, adaptive and easy to implement way. A case study in a Peruvian company shows the simplicity and ease of use of the method, which allows the design of countermeasures with which the level of cybersecurity can be improved by 55.6%.
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    • Post-feminism and Post-truth in Reggaeton Video Clips on Youtube

      Alcántara-Segura, Dámaris Beatriz; Espinoza-Robles, Lorena Teresa (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022-01-01)
      In the music industry, reggaeton is an urban genre most played on digital platforms such as YouTube. From its beginnings a musical genre that transmitted denigrating messages of women image. Today, these messages have changed due to the incursion of female artists who adopt values ​​associated with the masculine to reinforce an image of empowerment. These artists promote post-feminist messages from the narrative of their songs and music videos, legitimizing representations based on the narrative they propose from fiction. This article analyzes the representation of women in six Karol G reggaeton video clips broadcast on YouTube through a case study with a narrative and gender approach. A content analysis guide was applied to 320 video captures and an interview guide to the art director in charge of Pineapple and Mi cama video clips. The main finding of the research was to show that the narrative and the staging build a post-truth of female empowerment from fiction to show us a convincing story. However, this post-truth legitimizes characters such as the sexual entrepreneur by appealing to the same feminine objectification of the beginnings of the urban genre. Therefore, this study contributes to the existing literature of pervasive communication on social media and post-truth in audiovisual fiction.
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    • Post-truth of Female Empowerment in the Fake News of Peruvian Reality Shows

      Espinoza-Robles, Lorena Teresa; Aybar-Cabezudo, Oscar Alfredo (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022-01-01)
      This study investigates the fake news generated from the content of the reality television format in Peru. This format, by mixing informational or reality elements with fictional elements, contributes to misinformation from the inexhaustible generation of news that, despite being real, falls into the category of fake news. They are considered fake news, not because of their content, but because of the unusual informative relevance assigned on digital social networks. In this way, the reality TV narrative becomes part of the Peruvian imaginary and contributes to misinformation from a news proposal that appeals to post-feminism to actually justify a macho and misogynistic gaze through news that permanently devalues the value of women. Therefore, a qualitative methodology was applied that includes a content analysis of the news related to characters from the reality show Esto es Guerra (Peru), who are considered media figures of mainstream culture, and which have been published in the official Facebook page of the TV program and then in the news portal America Noticias. The composition and visual meanings of the message have been analyzed from a gender perspective. This study opens new lines of research on the study of fake news in the entertainment genre and promotes media literacy in the mass public that consumes the products of this genre.
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    • The narrative within the interactive documentary for the reconstruction of memory: enforced disappearances in Latin America

      Borja, Lupe Martinez; Casquino, Yasmín Sayán (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022-01-01)
      The exposure of social problems such as forced disappearances is necessary for the history of society. The interactive documentary is a new digital proposal for the creation of spaces for the reconstruction of a social memory. In this paper, a content analysis is used to analyze the construction of the interactive narrative for the reconstruction of memory in the webdoc Forensic Landscapes and, with this, to identify its narrative composition in the construction of new spaces for the user’s experience. The interactive documentary generates a shared feeling between the user and the interface due to resources such as hypertextuality, database, narrative elements, representation modalities and interactivity. Thus, immersion is adhered, a new way of exposing a social theme in 360 degrees which recreates a sensory experience within an imaginary universe. Through the story, the memory of the agents involved in forced disappearances in Latin America is reconstructed.
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