Association between Frequency of Consumption of Fruit, Vegetables, Nuts and Pulses and BMI: Analyses of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorsWall, Clare R
Stewart, Alistair W
Hancox, Robert J
Mitchell, Edwin A
Body Mass Index
Surveys and Questionnaires
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDiets which emphasize intakes of plant-based foods are recommended to reduce disease risk and for promoting healthy weight. The aim of this study was to examine the association between fruit, vegetables, pulses and nut intake and body mass index (BMI) across countries in adolescents (13-14 years) and children (6-7 years). Data from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood; 77,243 children's parents and 201,871 adolescents was used to examine the association between dietary intake (Food Frequency Questionnaire) and BMI using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index. Adolescents who consumed fruit, vegetables, pulses and nuts three or more times a week had a lower BMI than the never or occasional group; eating nuts three or more times a week, was associated with a BMI value of 0.274 kg/m² lower than the never group (p < 0.001). Compared to children who never or occasionally reported eating vegetables, those reporting that they ate vegetables three or more times per week had a lower BMI of -0.079 kg/m². In this large global study, an inverse association was observed between BMI and the reported increasing intake of vegetables in 6-7 years old and fruit, vegetables, pulses and nuts in adolescents. This study supports current dietary recommendations which emphasize the consumption of vegetables, nut and pulses, although the effect sizes were small.
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
- Fast-food consumption and body mass index in children and adolescents: an international cross-sectional study.
- Authors: Braithwaite I, Stewart AW, Hancox RJ, Beasley R, Murphy R, Mitchell EA, ISAAC Phase Three Study Group., ISAAC Phase Three Study Group.
- Issue date: 2014 Dec 8
- Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study.
- Authors: Mitchell EA, Stewart AW, Braithwaite I, Murphy R, Hancox RJ, Wall C, Beasley R, ISAAC Phase Three Study Group.
- Issue date: 2018
- Red meat and chicken consumption and its association with high blood pressure and obesity in South Korean children and adolescents: a cross-sectional analysis of KSHES, 2011-2015.
- Authors: Kim GH, Shin SW, Lee J, Hwang JH, Park SW, Moon JS, Kim HJ, Ahn HS
- Issue date: 2017 May 22
- Effect of diet and maternal education on allergies among preschool children: A case-control study.
- Authors: Andrusaityte S, Grazuleviciene R, Petraviciene I
- Issue date: 2017 Nov
- Effect of diet on asthma and allergic sensitisation in the International Study on Allergies and Asthma in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Two.
- Authors: Nagel G, Weinmayr G, Kleiner A, Garcia-Marcos L, Strachan DP, ISAAC Phase Two Study Group.
- Issue date: 2010 Jun