Relación entre los niveles de hemoglobina en una población infantil de 9 a 36 meses de edad y el conocimiento sobre el uso de los micronutrientes en polvo de las madres en una población periurbana en Lima durante el 2017
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AdvisorsSegura Paucar, Eddy Roberto
Nutrición y Dietética
Villa El Salvador (Lima, Perú : Distrito)
MetadataShow full item record
Citation1. Mier R, Marina L, Pino Z, Guadalupe L. Relación entre los niveles de hemoglobina en una población infantil de 9 a 36 meses de edad y el conocimiento sobre el uso de los micronutrientes en polvo de las madres en una población periurbana en Lima durante el 2017 [Internet]. [Lima, Perú]: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10757/623033
AbstractIntroduction: Knowledge about the use of micronutrients in powder (MNP) is fundamental for its proper use of them and thus achieves the increase of hemoglobin levels in your child. Objective: To evaluate the association between the knowledge of the use of MNP by mothers and the hemoglobin levels of their children between 9 and 36 months of age in a peri - urban area of Lima, Peru during 2017. Materials and methods: Analytical cross-sectional study. It was carried out in mothers and their children between the ages of 9 and 36 months that attended the Health Post of Oasis de Villa, Villa El Salvador. We evaluated the knowledge of the use of the MNPs of the mothers by a survey and we measured the level of hemoglobin of the minor with a hemoglobinometer. The knowledge of the use was classified as “high, regular and low” and the hemoglobin was classified according to the MINSA cut-off points in anemia or non- anemia. Analytical statistics, generalized linear models, with Poisson family, log link function and robust variances were used. Results: We surveyed 340 mothers and we screened the hemoglobin of their children. The mean hemoglobin was 11,9 g/dL with a standard deviation of 0,9. There were 130 children with anemia. We found that 54.7% of the mothers had a low level of knowledge of the use and their children were anemic. We found an association between levels of knowledge of the use and hemoglobin levels. There was 96% higher frequency of anemic children in mothers with low knowledge of the use (RPa: 1,96; 95% CI: 1,41-2,72; p<0,001). Conclusions: Knowledge of use influences hemoglobin levels. There are other factors that can influence the final results and for this, new studies are suggested to explore these assumptions.
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