Asociación entre la talla alta y enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles (diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial) en adultos peruanos en el año 2015
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AdvisorsLiria Domínguez, María Reyna
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Citation1. Guerrero Gallarday, José Eduardo ; Olano Yalta AM. Asociación entre la talla alta y enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles (diabetes mellitus e hipertensión arterial) en adultos peruanos en el año 2015 [Internet]. [Lima, Perú]: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2018. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622937
AbstractObjective: To determine the association between high height and the presence of chronic noncommunicable diseases (diabetes mellitus-DM and Arterial hypertension-HTA) in the Peruvian adult population at the national level in 2015. Methodology: Secondary analysis of the study database cross section National Demographic and Family Health Survey-ENDES, 2015. Adults 18 to 59 years of age were included. Height was classified by sex as: short height (men <155.0 cm and women <145.0 cm), normal size (men 155.1 cm - 174.9 cm and women 145.1 cm - 164.9 cm) and high size (men >175.0 cm and women >165.0 cm). The HTA measured / reported was classified as: HTA (systolic pressure >140 mmHg and / or diastolic pressure <90 mmHg and those that reported being hypertensive) and normal (systolic pressure <140 mmHg and diastolic pressure <90 mmHg). For the DM classification, the one reported by the subjects was considered (yes, no). To assess the association between high height and the presence of DM and HT, crude prevalence (RPc) and adjusted (RPa) ratios were calculated through the Poisson regression, with robust variance. Results: 26,858 participants were evaluated, the average age was 34.8 + 10.6, 55.8% were women and 44.2% were men. The prevalence of tall stature in men was 5.0% and in women 1.8% (total: 3.2%). The prevalence of HBP measured / reported was 10.9% and DM 1.7%. Subjects with high stature had a 44% greater probability of HTA than those of normal height (RPa: 1.44, CI: 1.23-1.69, p<0.001), but this was not associated with reported DM (RPA: 0.99; CI: 0.99-1.00; p = 0.501). Conclusion: High height was associated with higher HTA but not with DM. It is recommended, on the one hand, to make studies that measure the association between high stature and DM measured and not only reported, and at the same time it is necessary to continue studying this association between high stature and chronic diseases and look for strategies to control it.
CollectionsNutrición y Dietética
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