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dc.contributor.advisorÑaupari Pineda, José Raules
dc.contributor.authorAguilar Huaman, Daniela Messiel*
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-21T02:08:45Z
dc.date.available2018-02-21T02:08:45Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-05
dc.identifier.citationAguilar Huaman, D. M. (2018). Calidad de vida en relación a la salud oral en preescolares de una institución educativa pública de lima. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622868es_PE
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10757/622868
dc.description.abstractObjective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life in relation to oral health and related factors in pre - school children of a public educational institution in Lima. Methods. This study followed a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional design, using a sample of 199 children aged 3 to 5 years attending a Public Initial Educational Institution in the district of Chorrillos, Lima. Caregivers completed the ECOHIS (Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale) questionnaire and answered questions related to sociodemographic factors (gender, preschool age, gender, age, and level of education of the person in charge of the child). Spearman correlation, Student's t, Gaussian GLM regression and identity with coefficient and 95% CI. Results. The observed characteristics of the children, found that approximately half were women (51.8%) and the mean age was 4 years (d.e: 0.8). The majority of those responsible for child care were women (66.3%). The mean score for ECOHIS was 30.7. In the analysis of multiple variables it was found that parents with higher education reported a better quality of life than parents with secondary or lower education (Coef .: -16.5, 95% CI: 22.2, -10.8). Parents with higher education had an average of 16.4 points less on ECOHIS compared to parents with a high school education (Coef.:16.4, 95% CI: -22.1, -10.6). Conclusion. The low educational level of the caregiver is associated with a lower quality of life related to oral health. It is necessary to establish strategies of promotion and prevention with special emphasis on improving the quality of life in these people with less education.
dc.description.uriTesises_PE
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dc.language.isospaes
dc.publisherUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.sourceUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio Académico - UPCes_PE
dc.titleCalidad de vida en relación a la salud oral en preescolares de una institución educativa pública de Limaes
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesises
thesis.degree.grantorUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC). Facultad de Ciencias de la Saludes_PE
thesis.degree.levelLicenciaturaes_PE
thesis.degree.disciplineOdontologíaes_PE
thesis.degree.nameCirujano dentistaes_PE
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-16T02:24:56Z
html.description.abstractObjetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la calidad de vida calidad de vida en relación a la salud oral y factores relacionados a la misma en preescolares de una institución educativa pública de Lima. Materiales y Métodos: Este estudio siguió un diseño transversal descriptivo-analítico, utilizando una muestra de 199 niños de 3 a 5 años de edad, asistentes a una Institución Educativa Inicial pública del distrito de Chorrillos, Lima. Los cuidadores completaron el cuestionario ECOHIS (Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale) y respondieron preguntas relacionadas a factores sociodemográficos (género, edad del preescolar; género, edad y grado de instrucción del responsable del menor.) Se realizó el análisis estadístico, aplicando pruebas de correlación de Spearman, T de Student, Regresión GLM Gaussian e identidad con coeficente y IC95%. Resultados: Las características observadas de los niños, se halló que aproximadamente la mitad eran mujeres (51,8%) y la media de la edad fue de 4 años (d.e.: 0,8). La mayoría de los responsables del cuidado del menor fueron mujeres (66,3%). La media de puntaje del ECOHIS fue de 30.7. En el análisis de múltiples variables se encontró que los padres de familia con educación superior reportaron mejor calidad de vida que los padres con educación secundaria o menor (Coef.: -16.5; IC95%:-22.2, -10.8). Los padres de familia con educación superior tuvieron, en promedio, 16.4 puntos menos en el ECOHIS comparado con los padres de familia con educación secundaria o menor (Coef.:-16.4; IC95%: -22.1, -10.6). Conclusiones: El bajo nivel educativo del cuidador se asocia a una menor calidad de vida relacionada a la salud oral. Es necesario establecer estrategias de promoción y prevención con especial énfasis en mejorar la calidad de vida en estas personas con menor educación.
html.description.abstractObjective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life in relation to oral health and related factors in pre - school children of a public educational institution in Lima. Methods. This study followed a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional design, using a sample of 199 children aged 3 to 5 years attending a Public Initial Educational Institution in the district of Chorrillos, Lima. Caregivers completed the ECOHIS (Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale) questionnaire and answered questions related to sociodemographic factors (gender, preschool age, gender, age, and level of education of the person in charge of the child). Spearman correlation, Student's t, Gaussian GLM regression and identity with coefficient and 95% CI. Results. The observed characteristics of the children, found that approximately half were women (51.8%) and the mean age was 4 years (d.e: 0.8). The majority of those responsible for child care were women (66.3%). The mean score for ECOHIS was 30.7. In the analysis of multiple variables it was found that parents with higher education reported a better quality of life than parents with secondary or lower education (Coef .: -16.5, 95% CI: 22.2, -10.8). Parents with higher education had an average of 16.4 points less on ECOHIS compared to parents with a high school education (Coef.:16.4, 95% CI: -22.1, -10.6). Conclusion. The low educational level of the caregiver is associated with a lower quality of life related to oral health. It is necessary to establish strategies of promotion and prevention with special emphasis on improving the quality of life in these people with less education.


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