Relación entre los estratos socioeconómicos y la composición nutricional de los menús de los establecimientos que expenden alimentos en Lima Metropolitana
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AdvisorsMaguiña, Jorge Luis
MetadataShow full item record
CitationChávez, B., Alejandra, M., Donayre, V., & Jaqueline, D. (2018). los menús de los establecimientos que expenden alimentos en Lima Para optar el título profesional de : Licenciadas en Nutrición y Dietética. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622851
AbstractIntroduction: The patterns of food consumption are changing globally due to the influence of various factors, where the socioeconomic level is one of those that directly impact the decision to consume food outside the home. Objective: To determine the relationship between the socioeconomic strata and the nutritional composition of the menus of the restaurants in Lima Metropolitana. Methods: The study corresponds to a secondary analysis of the data base for which the " Encuesta para medir la Composición Nutricional de los Principales Alimentos Consumidos Fuera Del Hogar” (ENCONUT), 2013" was used. It is observational, of cross-sectional type, analytical. The primary study consisted of two stages of research to determine the number of establishments to survey and determine the most sold dishes. The study population consisted of a set of 1646 establishments that sell food located in Lima Metropolitana which will be called restaurants. Our dependent and independent variables were the nutritional composition of the menus and socioeconomic strata, respectively. The independent variable was classified into 5 strata (A, B, C, D and E), from Encuesta Nacional de Presupuestos Familiares 2008 - 2009 (ENAPREF). Results: Significant differences were found when analyzing the nutritional components by total weight in energy, proteins, carbohydrates, iron and sodium (p <0.05). In the percentage adjustment of nutrients according to the population requirement, it was observed that of the total "seconds" evaluated (n = 599), 63.9% were found in excess energy, 70.5% were found in excess carbohydrates, 64.4% had an excess of sodium. These excesses were found with a higher percentage in the lower-middle strata C, D and E. Proteins were 49.6% in excess, mostly belonging to the upper strata A and B. Conclusion: There is a direct relationship between the level socioeconomic and its impact on the consumption of food in quality and nutritional quantity.
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