Asociación entre la inseguridad alimentaria y las dimensiones de la elección de alimentos en pacientes diabéticos de un centro especializado del seguro social en salud : análisis exploratorio
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AdvisorsSegura Paucar, Eddy
Astete Robilliard, Laura
MetadataShow full item record
Citation1. Arenas, Mariana ( 0000-0003-2551-9565 ) ; Rivero B( 0000-0003-2904-5256 ). Asociación entre la inseguridad alimentaria y las dimensiones de la elección de alimentos en pacientes diabéticos de un centro especializado del seguro social en salud : análisis exploratorio [Internet]. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622687
AbstractObjective: Evaluate the association of food insecurity and the dimensions of food choice in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study at a specialized diabetes and hypertension center attached to Social Security in Health of Lima, Peru. We used the ELCSA questionnaire to assess food insecurity. Food choice was evaluated with the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), which consist of seven dimensions: price, mood, health and natural content of food, weight control, sensory appeal, convenience and familiarity. We examined the internal reliability of each FCQ dimension by calculating Cronbach's alpha. We reported the dimensions according to the presence of mild food insecurity and food security. We performed linear regression analyses for the dimensions that were significantly different between groups, considering food security as the main predictor and adjusting for significant covariates in the bivariate analysis. Results: We enrolled 206 subjects of both sexes with diabetes mellitus. We found 42,2%, 3,4% and 0,5% of subjects with mild, moderate and severe food insecurity, respectively. The variables educational level and hospitalization were associated with a state of mild food insecurity (p <0,001, p=0,004). Cronbach's alpha coefficients were determined to be between 0.60 and 0.80 for the dimensions of the FCQ. There was only direct association between food insecurity and price dimension of food choices with a adjusted β coefficient of 0,43 (p=0,025). Conclusion: There was a direct association between food insecurity and the price dimension of food choice. There was no association between food insecurity and the other dimensions of food choice.
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