• Análisis de los factores que determinan la oferta y la demanda de gasoholes en sus versiones de 84, 90 y 97 octanos en el mercado peruano entre los años 2012 y 2015

      Arrieta Quispe, María del Carmen; Fonseca Zumaeta, Joselyne Marilia; Martínez Mota, Ashley Isabel (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-12-01)
      The industry of hydrocarbons is one of the most representatives in national economy. In Peru, this sector is characterized by being an oligopolic market where producers and importers have a high power of influence, the fixation of domestic prices depends on the international price of oil, the production and refining process is strongly concentrated in few companies, and, in compliance with internal laws and regulatory bodies, the different segments of this industry usually presents entry barriers that include high costs of installation and develop of technology. All of these characteristics influence in the price of liquid fuels and in the demand and supply of these. For the analysis of the influence of these factors on supply and demand we will take the case of gasoholes in Peru. In this sense, the determinants of demand will be analyzed using the linear regression model: Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), which will help us to measure the influence of the multiple variables to be used in price fixing. On the other hand, in the case of the determinants of supply, a qualitative analysis of the sector will be carried out. Here, we will see the influence of the price of crude oil on the supply, also, we will see the barriers of entry regarding competitors and importers and we will show the influence of the normativity in the development of technology and the pressure of external agents.
      Acceso abierto