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dc.contributor.advisorCampos Campos, Katherine Jeanettees
dc.contributor.authorEspinoza Calle, Irem Sthefanyes
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-19T03:09:30Z
dc.date.available2017-06-19T03:09:30Z
dc.date.issued2016-12-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10757/621663
dc.description.abstractObjective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of oral habits and dentoalveolar alterations among 6- to-12-year-old children treated at the Teaching Private Hospital. Material and methods: It is a descriptive, observational, cross- sectional and retrospective study with a sample size of 1,006 medical records of 6- to-12-year-old children treated at UPC teaching Clinic were reviewed of medical records of children 6 to 12 years, children and male and female medical records that were authorized by specialists of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics area was included. Medical records of children without DNI and children with special needs were excluded. Results: It was found a predisposition towards an atypical swallowing habit (19,48%); digit sucking (2,19%); and mouth breathing (0,20%). The prevalence of dentoalveolar alterations was: anterior crossbite (8.65%), and posterior crossbite (5,27%); anterior open bite (9,74%) and posterior open bite (0.89%); Angle´s Class I (57,95%), Class II (18.98%) and class III (10,64%) right molar relationship; Angle´s Class I (55.86%), Class II (18.39%) and Class III (14.61%) left molar relationship; right mesial step (6.66%), flush step (0.89%) and distal step (0.40%); left mesial step (6.16%), flush step (0.99%) and distal step (0.70%); overjet of 1mm to 4mm (70.78%), greater than 4mm (11.93%) and less than 4mm (6.26%); overbite of 10% to 40% (45.03%), greater than 40% (16.60%) and less than 10% (11.43%). No association was found between age and gender and the oral habits. An association was found between age and left and right molar relationship in terms of Angle´s classes, overjet and overbite (p=0.001); whereas no statistically significant association was found with gender and dentoalveolar alterations. Conclusions: The study concluded that the most prevalent oral habit was atypical swallowing and dentoalveolar alteration of anterior open bite.
dc.description.uriTesises_PE
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dc.formatapplication/epubes
dc.formatapplication/mswordes
dc.language.isospaes
dc.publisherUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.sourceUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio Académico - UPCes_PE
dc.subjectEnfermedades periodontaleses
dc.subjectEducación en salud dentales
dc.subjectNiñoses
dc.subjectOdontologíaes
dc.subjectUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadases
dc.titlePrevalencia de hábitos orales y alteraciones dentoalveolares en niños de 6 a 12 años atendidos en la clínica docente UPC en el año 2011-2014es
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesises
thesis.degree.grantorUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC). Facultad de Ciencias de la Saludes_PE
thesis.degree.levelLicenciaturaes_PE
thesis.degree.disciplineOdontologíaes_PE
thesis.degree.nameCirujano dentistaes_PE
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-17T04:17:50Z
html.description.abstractObjetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la prevalencia de hábitos orales y alteraciones dentoalveolares en niños de 6 a 12 años atendidos en una Clínica Docente. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y retrospectivo. Se revisaron 1006 historias clínicas de niños entre las edades de 6 a 12 años atendidos en la Clínica Docente UPC. Se incluyeron historias clínicas de niños de 6 a 12 años, niños del género femenino y masculino que estuviesen autorizadas por especialistas del área de Odontopediatría y Ortodoncia. Se excluyeron historias clínicas de niños que no presenten DNI y niños con necesidades especiales. Resultados: Se encontró una predisposición a los hábitos de: deglución atípica (19,48%); succión digital (2.19%) y respiración bucal (0.20%). La prevalencia de las alteraciones dentoalveolares se observó en la mordida cruzada anterior (8.65%) y posterior (5.27%); mordida abierta anterior (9.74%) y posterior (0.89%); relaciones molares derecha según Angle clase I (57.95%), clase II (19.98%) y clase III (10.64%); relaciones molares izquierda según Angle clase I (55.86%), clase II (18.39%) y clase III (14.61%); escalón mesial derecha (6.66%), escalón recto (0.89%) y escalón distal (0.40%); escalón mesial izquierda (6.16%), escalón recto (0.99%) y escalón distal (0.70%); overjet de 1mm a 4mm (70.78%), mayor a 4mm (11.93%) y menor a 4mm (6.26%); el overbite de 10% a 40% (45.03%), mayor a 40% (16.60%) y menor a 10% (11.43%). No se encontró asociación entre los hábitos orales con relación a la edad y género del paciente. Se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa entre las relaciones molares según Angle, el overjet, el overbite con la edad (p= 0.001). Sin embargo, al asociar las alteraciones dentoalveolares con el género no se encontro asociación estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: El estudio concluye en que el hábito oral más prevalente fue la deglución atípica y la alteración dentoalveolar de mordida abierta anterior.
html.description.abstractObjective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of oral habits and dentoalveolar alterations among 6- to-12-year-old children treated at the Teaching Private Hospital. Material and methods: It is a descriptive, observational, cross- sectional and retrospective study with a sample size of 1,006 medical records of 6- to-12-year-old children treated at UPC teaching Clinic were reviewed of medical records of children 6 to 12 years, children and male and female medical records that were authorized by specialists of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics area was included. Medical records of children without DNI and children with special needs were excluded. Results: It was found a predisposition towards an atypical swallowing habit (19,48%); digit sucking (2,19%); and mouth breathing (0,20%). The prevalence of dentoalveolar alterations was: anterior crossbite (8.65%), and posterior crossbite (5,27%); anterior open bite (9,74%) and posterior open bite (0.89%); Angle´s Class I (57,95%), Class II (18.98%) and class III (10,64%) right molar relationship; Angle´s Class I (55.86%), Class II (18.39%) and Class III (14.61%) left molar relationship; right mesial step (6.66%), flush step (0.89%) and distal step (0.40%); left mesial step (6.16%), flush step (0.99%) and distal step (0.70%); overjet of 1mm to 4mm (70.78%), greater than 4mm (11.93%) and less than 4mm (6.26%); overbite of 10% to 40% (45.03%), greater than 40% (16.60%) and less than 10% (11.43%). No association was found between age and gender and the oral habits. An association was found between age and left and right molar relationship in terms of Angle´s classes, overjet and overbite (p=0.001); whereas no statistically significant association was found with gender and dentoalveolar alterations. Conclusions: The study concluded that the most prevalent oral habit was atypical swallowing and dentoalveolar alteration of anterior open bite.


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