Asociación entre síndrome metabólico y enfermedad nodular tiroidea en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins en el año 2014
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Síndrome X Metabólico
Resistencia a la Insulina
Metabolic Syndrome X
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Citation1. Cornejo Champin RA, Silva Caso WG, Soria Montoya A. Asociación entre síndrome metabólico y enfermedad nodular tiroidea en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins en el año 2014 [Internet]. [Lima, Perú]: Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2015 [cited 2017 Nov 18]. Available from: http://repositorioacademico.upc.edu.pe/upc/handle/10757/621623
AbstractIntroduction: Few studies analyses the relation between metabolic syndrome and thyroid nodular disease, subject in which there is a knowledge gap. The object of this study is to determinate the association between metabolic syndrome and thyroid nodular disease in a hospital in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods: A longitudinal, prospective, analytic, observational, case - control study, was performed “Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins” in Lima- Peru. A total of 182 patients were separated as cases in which at least find a thyroid nodule detected by ultrasonography greater than 3 mm ( n = 91) and controls as patients in whom the presence of the node with the characteristics described was excluded by the same technique (n=91). The level and strength of association was evaluated between the presence of metabolic syndrome and each of its components by itself with the presence of thyroid nodular was evaluated. Results: Bivariate analysis shows significant association between the presence of thyroid nodule and metabolic syndrome with an OR of 2.56 (IC:95% 1.41 to 4.66, p < 0.05). Low levels of HDL and impaired fasting glucose are significant associated with the presence of thyroid nodule, independent of the presence of metabolic syndrome, with an OR of 2.81 (IC:95% 1.54 to 5.12, p<0.05) and 2.05 (IC: 95% 1.10 to 3.78, p<0.05) respectively. The multivariate analysis maintained the association between thyroid nodule and metabolic syndrome with an OR of 2.96 (IC: 95% 1,47 to 5,95 , p<0.05); like was the low levels of HDL with an OR of 2.77 ( IC: 95% 1,44 to 5,3, p<0.05) and with impaired fasting glucose with an OR of 2,23 ( IC 95% 1,14 to 4,34, p<0,05).Conclusions: Metabolic syndrome increases de risk of having thyroid nodule disease. Low HDL levels and impaired fasting glucose were the factors with more association.
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