• El humorismo como herramienta discursiva de “deslegitimación” política en un gobierno autocrático. Análisis de las caricaturas políticas publicadas en los diarios Expreso y Extra durante el gobierno de Alberto Fujimori de 1999-2000.

      Méndez Campos, Marco; Patriau Hildebrandt, César Enrique; Ramos Traverso, Gabriela (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-06)
      The current investigation focus on the analysis of the use of graphic humorism as a discursive tool with delegitimator purposes in the political sphere, particularly in an autocratic context. we have made an exam of 32 political cartoons published in newspapers Expreso and Extra in the last period of Alberto Fujimori’s government, trying to answer two central questions: in first place, does political cartoons have own characteristics which turn them on an ideal platform to transmit a delegitimator discourse?; and, in second place, if the answer of the previous question is positive, were this characteristics taken advantage of during Alberto Fujimori’s autocratic government? As a first step, we determined a theoretical framework and an historical count that allowed us to delimit the autocratic context when the humorism could be used in the case of study. Then, the sample was analyzed contemplating the presence of a series of discursive elements and dysphoric topics that construct negative representations of relevant characters of political opposition. In conclusion, graphic humorism has definitive features which turn them on an ideal platform to transmit a delegitimator discourse. In this way, it was proved that, in the context of study, this type of media served to create a delegitimator discourse for some political characters as Alberto Andrade, Luis Castañeda and Alejandro Toledo, the opposition as a group, former president Alan García, and citizenship.
      Acceso abierto