• Factores Asociados y Alteraciones del Neurodesarrollo más frecuentes en el Recién Nacido Prematuro, registrados en el servicio de Terapia Física de un hospital público de Perú entre enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2016

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Bravo Cucci, Sergio; Ingar Romero, Renzo (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-09-26)
      Objective: To identify the associated factors and to describe the most frequent neurodevelopmental alterations in a population of premature babies in Lima. Methodology: Cross-sectional analytical study realized at the San Bartolome Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016; the data were extracted from the Clinical Histories of the Archives Service, the evaluations were done by the professionals in charge, according to the clinical practice guide. These data were age and perinatal history of the mother, gestational age, weight, APGAR score and gender of the newborn. The test we used were T Student, Chi-square, Fisher's Exact Test and the sum of wilcoxon ranges; for the Ratio of Prevalence Crude and Adjusted were based on the Generalized Linear Model of Poisson with Robust Variances. Results: 480 clinical histories were included; the gestational age was 33.97±2.43 weeks with a weight of 1.860±0.480grams. There was no statistically significant association with the diagnoses in Physical Therapy p=0.054; however, not all preterm babies were diagnosed. Conclusions: Maternal age influences on the age of birth p=0.030 and some perinatal antecedents of the mother such as previous abortion p=0.026 and pre-eclampsia p≤0.001 as associated factors for premature birth.
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