• Asociación entre el ángulo de inclinación patelar y la presencia de dolor anterior de rodilla en deportistas universitarios

      Correa Morán, Pedro Martín; Mayta-Tristan, Percy; Díaz Santiago, Maythen Soledad; Mesías Bermejo, Schirley Marlene; Rospigliosi Morales, María Edit (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-02-11)
      Introduction: To determine the association between patellar tendon angle (AITP) and the presence of anterior knee pain (DAR) and the prevalence of DAR in college athletes. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study of college athletes. The presence of DAR was detected using the Anterior Knee Pain Scale by Kujala and AITP was calculated by analyzing a photograph of both legs with Kinovea program ®. Each knee was considered as a sample. The prevalence ratio between the DAR and the AITP was calculated using Poisson regression robust Results: 143 subjects were evaluated, therefore, 286 knees, where 176 (61.5%) had anterior knee pain (DAR). The AITP was ranked in quartiles. To analyze was joined second and third quartile so was obtained a midquartile (9° and 14°). It was found that AITP fewer than 9° is 1.34 (95% CI, 1.09 - 1.65) more likely to have DAR, and AITP greater than 14° is 1.35 (95% CI; 1,09- 1.69) more likely. Conclusions: Athletes with AITP fewer than 9 ° or greater than 14 ° are more likely to have DAR. It is recommended that the professional considers the inclination patellar tendon angle in the evaluation
    • Asociación entre el trastorno del desarrollo de la coordinación y el trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad en niños entre 6 a 12 años en Lima, Perú.

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Sánchez Bardales, Isabel (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-15)
      Introduction: Children diagnosed with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly present developmental coordination disorders (DCD). However, current evidence is still unclear about the relationship between having ADHD and presence of DCD. Objective: To determine the association between DCD in children and ADHD. Materials and methods: A matched retrospective cohort study was conducted in Lima, Perú. Participants were children between the ages 6 and 12 years old. The sample included 160 participants, from which 32 were previously diagnosed with ADHD. A 1:4 matching was made recruiting healthy children closely related to the one that had ADHD, such as family or friends of same age and sex. The DCDQ’07 questionnaire was used to identify DCD and the SNAP-IV behavior scale to rule out ADHD in the healthy group. Mixed regression models were used to account for matching and to control confusion. Results: Data from the 160 participants were analyzed. DCDQ’07 scores in Children with ADHD were 10.3 points lower than the children without ADHD (CI 95%: -15,3 – -5,4, p<0,001). Within DCDQ’07 specific areas, children with ADHD scored in average 4.4 points less in general coordination (IC 95%: -6.1 – -2.8, p<0.001), 3.3 points less in fine motor skill (CI 95%: -4.9, – -1.7 p<0.001) and 2.6 points less in control during movement (CI 95%: -4.6 – -0.6, p<0.001) in comparison to those without ADHD. These differences remain significant in the model after adjusting for preterm birth, low birth weight and chronological age. Through the conditional logistic regression analysis, in adjusted and unadjusted models, children had 6 times the probability of developing DCD when compared to those without ADHD (CI 95%: 2,6 – 15,5, p<0,001). Conclusions: We found that the average score for DCD in the children diagnosed with ADHD was lower than the ones without ADHD. This suggest that these children have a greater difficulty with general coordination and fine motor skills which may affect the development of their everyday activities.
    • Asociación entre la funcionalidad de rodilla y la práctica recreativa de patinaje en línea en personas adultas de Lima, Perú

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Gonzales Lozano, Ricardo Iván; Zagaceta Bartra, Carmen Mariana; Ramírez Plasencia, Aldair Alfonso (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-02-06)
      Objective: Assess the association between leisure inline skating practice and knee joint functionality in adults in Lima, Peru. Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study took place in Lima, Peru. The population involved 120 adults of both sexes who practiced leisure activities such as running, roller skating and cycling. The knee functionality has been evaluated by IKDC (International Knee Documentation Committee). In addition, the lower limb alignment was analyzed with PAS program (Postural Assessment software). Information like age, sex and activities features were analyze through surveys. For the analysis, it was used the T Test of Student for a mean difference and a Multiple Linear Regression Analysis for the confusing variable control. Results: There were 120 survey respondents between 36,1 years old. The 40,3% of the population did skating and the rest of population did other activities (running or cycling). After comparing the knee alignment level, the roller skaters had an average of 4,75 points less than the non-roller skaters (IC95%: -9,12 a -0,39). This difference was significant even after adapt the effects of age, sexes, lateral dominance and knee alignment. Conclusion: The roller skaters present a less knee functionality than the non-roller skaters. This could show some movements or posture adopted by roller skaters a damage for their knees.
    • Asociación entre sobrecarga postural y dolor en la zona lumbar en choferes de una empresa de transporte público

      Alvarado Cutipa-Flores, German F.; Antay Bedregal, David Rolando; Camargo Revello, Julia Evelyn (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-02-01)
      Aim: To determine the association between postural overload and low back pain in combis’ (van) drivers of a public transport company. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study among 208 “combi” drivers was conducted. Nordic Kuorinka Questionnaire, Bus Drivers Job Demands Scale, Rapid Upper Limb Assessment Scale (RULA) were administered. Poisson regression with robust variance and crude and adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR) with 95% CI were compute. Results: The prevalence of low back pain was 79.33% and postural overload was associated with low back pain according to RULA, level 3 (PR 1.44 [95% CI 1.05-1.99]) and level 4 (PR 1.72 [IC 95% 1.27-2.32]) with respect to drivers with level 2, after adjustment for body mass index (BMI), age, years of work as a driver and daily hours of work. Conclusion: Drivers who had postural overload had more probability to present low back pain
    • Asociación entre Tenosinovitis de Quervain y horas de uso de “Smartphone” en alumnos de la facultad de Negocios de la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-02)
      Objectives: To determine the association between De Quervain Tenosynovitis (QT) and the hours of Smartphone usage and to explore other potential associated factors. Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study in university students. QT was measured through Finkelstein’s test and hours of smartphone usage were determined through a survey. Participants were Smartphone users and students from the business faculty at a local university. Those who reported having an actual injury or in the last year in their hands (fractures, neurological injury, amputation) or reported using a Smartphone for less than a year were excluded. Bivariate associations were tested with Chi squared and Student’s t tests. We calculated the Prevalence Ratio (PR) through Poisson regression models to control for potential confounders. Results: Out of the 515 recruited participants, 68, 68% were women; the average age was 20±2.4 years. Regarding QT, 58, 95% of the population presented a positive sign in Finkelstein’s test. The total mean of hours of Smartphone usage was 7.2±3.4. After adjusting for age and gender, we did not find an association between QT and hours of Smartphone usage (PR: 0.99, IC95%: 0.96-1.01). Other factors tested like age, gender, dominant hand or having a job were also not associated to QT (all PRs>1, p>0.05). Conclusions: We did not found an association between QT and hours of Smartphone usage in university students. Additionally, other factors like age, gender, dominant hand or having a job were not associated to QT.
    • Cervicalgia, discapacidad cervical y factores asociados en estudiantes y músicos del Conservatorio Nacional de Música

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-02)
      Objectives: to determine the presence of neck pain and the neck disability index in the students of the National Conservatory of Music as well as to evaluate their associated factors. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lima, Peru. The population was formed by students from the National Conservatory of Music, who were evaluated through a self-report survey of neck pain in the last 3 months, neck disability, as well as evaluating the presence of temporomandibular disorders. The association was assessed by calculating the adjusted prevalence ratios. Results: A total of 211 individuals were included, mean age ± standard deviation was 22.0 ± 2.0 years and the majority were male (70.0%). The neck pain prevalence was 69.4%; 45.6% had moderate disability and 45.0% presented mild disability. Playing bowed string instruments was associated with neck pain (RP 1.34 95% CI 1.15 - 1.57). An association between Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and neck pain(TMD moderate-severe) was found (RP 1.65 95% CI 0.99 - 2.75). The association between TMD with neck disability (TMD (absent-slight) was demonstrated: RP 2.81 CI 95% 1.00-7.84 and p = 0.048; TMD Moderate / Severe: RP 3.86 CI 95%: 1.39- 10.70 and p = 0.009) Conclusion: The association between neck pain and the practice with bowed string instruments was corroborated. An association of TMD with neck pain and neck disability was found. This also supports the association with neck disability. The active pauses and physical activity programs are tools that help to reduce neck pain. This leads to have less people predisposed to suffer neck disability.
    • Comparación de las capacidades funcionales entre pacientes que reciben hemodiálisis y diálisis peritoneal en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins Lima- Perú

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel; Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Yurivilca Espinoza, Melissa; Garcia Bonilla, Miluska Estefani; Villavicencio Carranza, Mirko (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-13)
      Objective: To assess differences in the functional capacity score in patients receiving hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted out in Lima, Peru. Participants were patients receiving hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis from the Nephrology Department of Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins y sus redes asistenciales. The Functional capacity score was measured through a six-question survey and the application of the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Differences were identified through mean ration using a Poisson regression analysis. Results: A total of 144 patients, with a mean age of 54 years, were included in this study. Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis had higher score that those receiving hemodialysis (mean ratio = 1.20, p <0.05). This difference remain significant even after adjusting for age, gender, work activity and comorbidities (mean ratio = 1.25, p <0.05). Conclusions: Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis present better functional capacity when compared to patients receiving hemodialysis.
    • Dolor de hombro y factores asociados en personas con discapacidad física que usan silla de ruedas en un instituto de rehabilitación en Lima, Perú

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-22)
      Aim: To determine the shoulder pain level and associated factors among wheelchair users. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among wheelchair users who attend a Rehabilitation Institute, at the Amputated and Spinal Cord Injury Departments. A census was conducted through a self-administered survey including the Wheelchair Users’ Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) questionnaire. For data analysis, multiple linear regression was used. Results: The population comprised 351 individuals, the mean age was 43.78 ± 14.17 years, 47.58% were female; 81.48 % had spinal cord injury. Shoulder pain prevalence was 100%. The adjusted model showed that “spinal cord injury” diagnosis, manual wheelchair; time spent in the wheelchair, where the chair was acquired and the number of transfers during the weekend—were statistically associated with the presence of shoulder pain (p<0.05). Conclusions: Shoulder pain is associated with medical diagnosis, type of wheelchair, hours spent in the wheelchair, where the patient acquired the chair and the number of transfers in the previous weekend. These findings may be useful to screen at-risk sub populations.
    • Efectos de la aplicación de un programa de gimnasia laboral para reducir la prevalencia de cervicalgia en estudiantes que cursan el sétimo y octavo ciclo de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas-UPC

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2014-09-03)
      La cervicalgia es un problema de salud ocupacional en los odontólogos y está presente desde las prácticas del pregrado. Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental para evaluar el efecto de un programa de gimnasia laboral en todos los estudiantes de cuarto año de un escuela de odontología de Lima para reducir la prevalencia de cervicalgia. El programa duró seis semanas, consistía en dos charlas para que realicen ejercicios de estiramiento de 5 minutos 3 veces por día y un recordatorio diario por mensaje de texto. 31 estudiantes fueron evaluados al inicio y final de la intervención, 13/31 manifestaron no haber realizado los ejercicios. Se encontró que la prevalencia de cervicalgia en las últimos 4 semanas se redujo de 90,3% a 71,0% (p=0,034) y la intensidad del dolor se redujo de 5,4 a 3,6 (p=0,009). El programa demostró reducir la cervicalgia, futuras intervenciones deben buscar alternativas para incrementar la adherencia.
    • Efectos de un programa de pausa activa más folletos informativos en la disminución de molestias musculoesqueléticas en trabajadores del área administrativa de una institución pública en Lima, Perú.

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-22)
      Purpose: To demonstrate the effect of an active pause program plus informative leaflets in reducing the perception of musculoskeletal discomfort on administrative employees from a public entity of Lima, Peru. Materials and methodology: A quasi-experimental non randomised study on administrative employees from two branches of a public institution was conducted. The initial and final measurement included frequency and intensity of musculoskeletal discomfort using Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire NMQ. The intervention after the initial measurement was for eight weeks. A total of 372 individuals were invited to participate, 135 individuals in the intervention group, who received an program active pause supervised and informative leaflets and 127 in the control group, who received only informative leaflets. The program consisted on breathing, stretching and muscle warm-up exercises. Furthermore, information leaflets were handed once a week. Outcome: Average participants’ age was 38 years old. The physical anatomy structures most affected were the neck and mid-back area. During the last seven days the intervention group suffered a decreased of 20% regarding prevalence of the musculoskeletal discomfort on the neck (p<0,001), and 17% on the low-back area (p<0,001). The controlled group showed a decrease on prevalence only in the mid-back area (p=0,029). In terms of discomfort severity, in the final measurement, the intervention group experienced a greater decrease in all areas included in the NMQ (p<0,05). Conclusion: Active pause program plus leaflets decreased musculoskeletal discomfort in office employees. Therefore, it can be implemented at other public or private entities with similar characteristics.
    • Factores Asociados y Alteraciones del Neurodesarrollo más frecuentes en el Recién Nacido Prematuro, registrados en el servicio de Terapia Física de un hospital público de Perú entre enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2016

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Bravo Cucci, Sergio; Ingar Romero, Renzo (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-09-26)
      Objective: To identify the associated factors and to describe the most frequent neurodevelopmental alterations in a population of premature babies in Lima. Methodology: Cross-sectional analytical study realized at the San Bartolome Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016; the data were extracted from the Clinical Histories of the Archives Service, the evaluations were done by the professionals in charge, according to the clinical practice guide. These data were age and perinatal history of the mother, gestational age, weight, APGAR score and gender of the newborn. The test we used were T Student, Chi-square, Fisher's Exact Test and the sum of wilcoxon ranges; for the Ratio of Prevalence Crude and Adjusted were based on the Generalized Linear Model of Poisson with Robust Variances. Results: 480 clinical histories were included; the gestational age was 33.97±2.43 weeks with a weight of 1.860±0.480grams. There was no statistically significant association with the diagnoses in Physical Therapy p=0.054; however, not all preterm babies were diagnosed. Conclusions: Maternal age influences on the age of birth p=0.030 and some perinatal antecedents of the mother such as previous abortion p=0.026 and pre-eclampsia p≤0.001 as associated factors for premature birth.
    • Falta de adherencia en la terapia física en pacientes con dolor y transtornos músculo esqueléticos: incidencia y factores de riesgo

      Mayta-Tristan, Percy; Coello Talavera, Diana; Rojas Motta, Noelia Fernanda (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-07-01)
      Objective. To determine the incidence and risk factors to the non-adherence to physiotherapy treatment in patients with pain and musculoskeletal disorders attending a Teaching Clinic in Lima, Peru. Material and Methods. Retrospective cohort study, it included all new patients seen by pain and skeletal muscle disorders in period 2012-2014. Non adherence was measure (less than 8 sessions attended) and demographic factors. We calculated crude and adjusted relative risk (aRR). Results. We included 549 patients,: 68,3% women, 37,2% had 60 or more years , the most frequent injuries were located on the legs (34,2%) and lumbar (24,6%). We found an incidence of non-adherence of 56,4% (95% CI: 52,2 to 60,7%) and was associated to reside away from the clinic (aRR:1,34; 95%CI: 1,16 to 1,57) and less than 40 years (aRR: 1,27; 95%CI:1,04 to 1,54). Conclusion. There is a high incidence of non-adherence to physiotherapy related to distance and age of patients, so it must find strategies to increase adherence.
    • Prevalencia de síntomas musculoesqueléticos en choferes de empresa de transporte privados

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Mayta-Tristan, Percy; Quelopana Díaz, Jazmine Andrea; Zambrano Sánchez, Carmen Givelly (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-10-05)
      Objectives: To determine the frequency and factors associated with the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms (EMS) in drivers of a private transport company of Lima, Peru. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted on 170 male drivers had measured the frequency of EMS during the past seven days in the neck, shoulder, upper back, elbow, wrist, lumbar, hip, knee and feet with the Nordic questionnaire. It was evaluated the association with demographic factors and labor using prevalence ratios adjusted (RPa). Results: The average age was 39,73; the average hours of work was 9,56 and the average number of years of work was 4.70. The 77.7% of the population presented discomfort in any area of the body in the last year, 60.6% presented discomfort in any area of the body in the last week, the most frequent were the lumbar area (28.2%) and cervical (22.9%). The people who work as driver four or more years are more likely to have some SME (RPa: 1.54; CI95: 1,17-2,02) or low back pain (RPa: 1.73; IC95%: 1,01-2,97) in the last seven days. Conclusions: There is a high frequency of EMS in drivers of the company concerned, it will be necessary to develop strategies for the reduction and ergonomic risk prevention in the workplace and avoid the development of disabling symptoms.
    • Prevalencia y factores asociados a la inestabilidad de tobillo en estudiantes de danza contemporánea

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Jara Trujillo, Rollindeivis; Sotelo Almanza, Nelly Anthuanet; Valencia Lupa, Ana Luz; Soto Maldonado, Rosa Stefany (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-07-05)
      Objectives: To determine the prevalence and explore factors associated with ankle instability in contemporary dance students from Peru. Materials and methodology: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in four higher institutions of superior artistic training in contemporary dance. Dancers were recruited through a census. A self-report questionnaire of personal and medical records was applied. To assess ankle instability, we used the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire. We calculated 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) to estimate the prevalence of instability, associated factors were analyzed with prevalence ratios (PR) using Poisson regression models. Outcome: 125 participants, mean age 22,1 years, completed all the assessments. Among the, 90, 4% were women. 47,2% (95%CI= 38,2-56,3) had at least one unstable ankle. We found an association between previous injuries in the lower limbs and the presence of instability in the left ankle (PR=1,78; 95% CI=1,09-2,93). Conclusion: 47,2% of contemporary dancers had at least an unstable ankle. Furthermore, having a previous injury in the lower limb was associated with instability in the left ankle.
    • Prevalencia y factores asociados a la lumbalgia y discapacidad por dolor lumbar en vigilantes de Miraflores, Lima 2016

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Pereyra Elías, Reneé; Lazarte Argandoña, Graciela Alejandra; Eslava Parra, Danai Barbara (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-07-14)
      Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of low back pain, the disability caused by this and the associated factor in watchmen in a district of Lima. Methods: It has been made a cross-sectional study of watchmen in Miraflores, Lima. The sampling was performed by clusters. The low back pain was measured by the Nordic questionnaire for low back pain and lumbar disability was measured with the Oswestry questionnaire. Additionally, the physical activity was measured by the short version of the International Questionnaire of Physical Activity (IPAQ-SF) and sociodemographic data. The prevalence of low back pain was calculated and the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated with their 95% confidence intervals using Poisson regression with robust variance. Results. The study includes 335 people. 98% were men, the median age was 42 (IQR:21). The 55.8% had a minimum level of physical activity. The prevalence of low back pain was 65.3% and the disability was 26.6%. the seated time was found [RPa: 2,21; IC95%=1,45-3,38] and age [RPa: 1,58; IC95%= 1,01-2,47] as factors associated with disability. Conclusion: Two out of three watchmen had low back pain and one in four had disability for low back pain.
    • Valoración funcional y etapificación de la dismovilidad en adultos mayores al ingreso hospitalario a una Clínica Geriátrica especializada del Seguro Social en ESSALUD en Lima, Perú, 2013

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Retamal, Milagros; Segura, Eddy R.; Navarrete Vilca, Talia Brigitte (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-06-28)
      Background: Hospital admission in the elderly has an impact on functional capacity and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the association between the degree of functional dependence and degree of dysmobility in the elderly adult patient. Methods: We reviewed 180 medical charts of subjects admitted within the november-december 2013 period. Functionality was assessed with the Katz and Barthel Indexes while the degree of dysmobility was assessed with the etapification of the dysmobility scale. We analyzed the dichotomized dysfunction as the outcome variable in a GLM Log-Poisson regression to calculate crude and adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR). Results: 50,6% were women and the mean age was 79,5 years with an standard deviation of 8,3. A total of 46,7% were categorized as Katz G (completely dependent), while 3,9% had an 1A or 1B dysmobility staging (biped). Subjects with Katz C/D/E stages had an aPR: 23,9 [95%CI: 3,1-185,6] to exhibit 1/2 (biped) dysmobility stage, while subjects with Katz A/B had an aPR: 100,0 [95%CI: 14,9-670,5], in both cases compared to subjects with Katz F/G stages. Conclusion: There is an association between functionality and dysmobility among elderly hospitalized patients at admission. We recommend all health professionals take into account this relationship during the comprehensive physiotherapeutic evaluation of the elderly patient in order to better individualize their assessment and treatment.