• Asociación entre la adecuación a las dimensiones del asiento y el dolor lumbar en choferes

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Chang Flores, Sary Corina; Palacios Aguinaga, Valerie Geraldine (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2021-04-09)
      Introducción: Diversos factores estresantes generan dolor lumbar en conductores. La inadecuada forma de sentarse, el tiempo prolongado en dicha postura, la congestión vehicular, largas horas de trabajo, descansos reducidos y un peso elevado, se han asociado a la presencia de dolor y trastornos musculo esqueléticos. A nivel más específico, como en el caso de las dimensiones del asiento, aún falta evidencia. Objetivo: Determinar si existe asociación entre las dimensiones del asiento y el dolor lumbar en choferes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo transversal analítico en la empresa de transportes ETS. Múltiples J. SA de la ciudad de Barranca, la población estuvo conformada por choferes de sexo masculino a los que se les evaluó mediante el “Report of the national institutes of health task force on research standards for chronic low back pain” la adecuación al asiento con los parámetros de Parcells y las medidas antropométricas fueron consideradas según el método ISAK. Resultados: Se realizó la encuesta y las medidas antropométricas a 85 choferes donde aproximadamente 66% presenta dolor lumbar, 32% de los choferes utiliza un accesorio para el asiento que le genere mayor comodidad y el 66% de los choferes consume algún tipo de analgésico. También se muestra una correspondencia de la diferencia de las medidas antropométricas y las dimensiones del asiento, en donde la altura del asiento adecuado y el ancho del respaldar inadecuado presentan asociación estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: Se encontró como resultado que las dimensiones altura del asiento y ancho del respaldar están asociados al dolor lumbar en choferes.
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    • Associated factors to fatigue perception in college athletes during the sanitary alert due to COVID-19

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Herrera Castro, Paulo Cesar; Sanchez Barrientos, Karla Andrea (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2020-10-08)
      Background: Sports practice has been affected by confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This fact could cause a detraining effect and vary the levels of physical effort, habits and of physical activity in athletes. These factors could influence the degree of adaptation to physical exercise, increase the fatigue perception and be a difficulty when the athletes return to regular workouts. Objectives: To determine the associated factors to fatigue in college team-sports athletes in the COVID-19 pandemic context. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional observational study in team-sports college athletes. Data collection was done through self-administered questionnaires and phone calls. Adapted Visual Analogue Fatigue Scale (VAS-F), Rating of Perceived Exertion (Borg Scale) and a survey with questions about habits and demographic characteristics were used. VAS-F was applied two times, at the beginning and the end of the day. Bivariate linear regression models were used to evaluate the associated factors. Results: 95 athletes met the inclusion criteria, 60% of them were male. Likewise, 95% of the participants kept training at home and the majority maintained a high level of physical activity. Male athletes presented on average 9.78 points less of fatigue perception at the end of the day than women. No association was found between the fatigue perception and physical effort, nor the level of physical activity. Conclusions: Fatigue perception is a phenomenon that is not associated with the level of physical activity and perception of physical effort. In this study, differences in fatigue perception were found in accordance to gender and practiced sport.
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    • Association between physical activity and stress urinary incontinence in sportswomen from a private university in Lima - Peru

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Bravo Cucci, Sergio; Irazabal Flores, Alessandra Milagros; Yaya cante, Giancarlo (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2020-12-23)
      Introduction Urinary incontinence in young sportswomen is a common disorder that interferes with sports practice. Objective: To determine if there is an association between physical activity and stress urinary incontinence in sportswomen from a private university. Methodology: Analytical cross-sectional study, developed in sportswomen from the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire - short version (IPAQ –SF) was used to determine the level of physical activity and the Abbreviated Form of the International Incontinence Consultation Questionnaire (ICIQ - SF) to determine stress urinary incontinence. Results: Of the 92 athletes analyzed in the study, 75% performed high physical activity, 47.8% presented urinary incontinence, of which 63.3% belonged to stress urinary incontinence. In the bivariate analysis between physical activity and stress urinary incontinence, 46% of the athletes who performed high physical activity presented stress urinary incontinence compared to 10% who performed moderate or low physical activity, being significant (p < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, it was evidenced that women who perform high physical activity have 7.92 times more prevalence of stress urinary incontinence than women who perform moderate or low physical activity, being significant (p = 0.04) and adjusted to the age variables, kind of sport and sport time. Conclusion: An association was found between high-intensity Physical Activity and Stress Urinary Incontinence in female university athletes.
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    • Association between scapulo-vertebral distance and shoulder pain in athletes from a private university in Lima: preliminary study

      Sánchez Huamash, Claudia María; Ospinal Muedas, Evelyn Susan; Sánchez Sánchez, Kathya Elizabeth (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2021-04-15)
      Introduction: Shoulder pain cases represents about 7% to 50% in the population and its prevalence in athletes between 15 and 19 years old is about 43.5%. Additionally, another pathology in the upper limb is scapular dyskinesia, caused by the scapular´s movements and position alteration. Objective: To determine association between scapula-vertebral distance and shoulder pain in athletes from a private university in Lima. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study - preliminary. The study population were athletes from a private university in Lima. The shoulder pain variables were measured by four orthopedic tests Jobe, Patte, Gerber, and Hawkins Kennedy, where shoulder pain (YES) is considered when at least one of the tests is positive and no shoulder pain (NO) when all tests are negative. And the scapular-vertebral distance variables were evaluated in three positions, by the lateral scapular sliding test (LSST); measured in (cm). Results: 51 athletes from climbing, rugby, volleyball, and basketball sports were evaluated in this study. The age ranged was 19 to 21 years. The scapula-vertebral distance of the right side was mayor than the left. 17.65% had shoulder pain. The frequency of training and sex associated with shoulder pain (p<0.05). The scapula-vertebral distance from athletes who had shoulder pain was higher than those without it (p<0.05). Conclusion: Was found association between scapula-vertebral and shoulder pain in athletes from a private university in Lima. Its recommended doing more researches with a considerable sample to reach an adequate statistical power.
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    • Association between the number of hours that an adolescent from 10 to 17 years old performs domestic activity and the presence of pain

      Torres-Slimming, Paola Alejandra; Quispe Trinidad, Almendra Kristell; Villacrez Anchante, Jhosselyn Milagros (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2021-03-22)
      Background: The pain in general, located in different areas of the body, presents with higher prevalence in adolescents. At the national level it is estimated that three out of four children between 6 and 17 years of age dedicate approximately 11 hours a week to activities within their home, which implies repetitive mechanics, muscle overloads and as a consequence the presence of pain. Objectives: Determine the association between the number of hours an adolescent does household activities and the presence of pain. Design: Cross sectional analytical observational that analyzes a secondary population data base of the INEI in urban and rural areas of the 24 departments of Peru and in the Constitutional Province of Callao. The data collection period was from October to December 2015. Patients/Materials: The secondary base of the INEI was included for children and adolescents from 10 to 17 years old. The dependent variable was defined as the presence of pain in the back, head or bones. The independent variable was defined as the number of hours dedicated to domestic activities and was categorized. The descriptive analysis shows absolute and relative frequencies for the categorical variables and in the bivariate, the Chi2 test was used. Finally, in the multivariate analysis, the Poisson model was used considering the 95% confidence intervals. Results: The results obtained according to our objectives show that adolescents who perform domestic activities for a time greater than 3 to 13 hours have a 10% lower risk of presenting pain compared to those of 1 to 3 hours (CI = 0.84 - 0.97) and a p value = 0.007. In a multivariate analysis adjusted to area, region, sex, age (years) -categorized, reason for which they carry out domestic work, adolescents who carry out dangerous tasks and work outside the home; adolescents who perform domestic activities in a time greater than 3 to 13 hours have a 5% lower risk of presenting pain compared to those of 1 to 3 hours (CI = 0.87 - 1.04) and a value of p = 0.320 Conclusion: Our study was able to determine that there is an association between the number of hours an adolescent performs domestic activities and the presence of pain.
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    • Efectividad del Kinesiotaping para el dolor asociado a la dismenorrea primaria: Ensayo Clínico

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel; Alvarado Cutipa-Flores, Germán; Sánchez Palomino, Bárbara Olenka; Gómez Arrambide, Laura Cecilia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2020-10-28)
      Objetivos: Determinar la efectividad del Kinesiotape en la reducción del dolor debido a la dismenorrea en jóvenes-adultas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental, tipo ensayo clínico en mujeres de la Escuela de Policías de Chorrillos y San Bartolo en Lima, Perú. El muestreo se realizó por aleatorización por bloques, se distribuyeron las 229 participantes en bloques de 6. Se tuvo un total de 36 bloques y dentro de cada bloque se eligió al azar la asignación a los grupos de intervención o de Kinesiotape y control o de Kinesiotape simulado. Se aplicó el Kinesiotape por 4-5 días al grupo intervención y al de control. Se colocaron tres bandas adhesivas de 5 cm de ancho y 12 de largo, la banda horizontal se colocó de forma directa, la banda vertical se aplicó de caudal a cefálico en la zona suprapúbica, y la última banda se aplicó de forma horizontal en la zona lumbar, a la altura de L4. El dolor menstrual y lumbar se valoró con la Escala de calificación numérica del dolor antes, 2-3 hrs después de la aplicación del método, a las 24 hrs, 48 hrs y 72 hrs respectivamente. Finalmente, se realizó la fase de intervención con una duración de 3 meses por cada integrante en donde se midió el dolor menstrual y lumbar durante su periodo menstrual. Resultados: Se evaluó la eficacia del Kinesiotape versus el Kinesiotape simulado en el dolor asociado a la dismenorrea primaria. Las diferencias entre el grupo de control e intervención con respecto al dolor menstrual fueron que en el mes 1 luego de 2-3 horas de la aplicación del Kinesiotape el dolor se redujo en -2.32 (p<0.001), en el mes 2 de -2.8 (p<0.001) y en el mes 3 de -1.3 (p<0.001). Se observó que a las 24 horas del efecto, el dolor se redujo en -2.15 (p<0.001) en el mes 1, -1.77 (p<0.001) en el mes 2 y -0.87 (p<0.001) en el mes 3. Asimismo, en el dolor lumbar se observó el efecto del Kinesiotape a las 24 horas de la aplicación en el mes 1 con una diferencia de -0.5 (p: 0.013), en el mes 2 -0.62 (p: 0.001) entre ambos grupos. Conclusiones: La aplicación del Kinesiotape es efectiva para reducir el dolor abdominal relacionado a la dismenorrea en comparación a la aplicación del Kinesiotape simulado.
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    • Factors associated with the perception of architectural barriers for access to health services in people with motor disabilities in Peru

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Ramírez Moreno, Diana Carolina; Rossi Yokota, Carla Natalia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2021-04-25)
      Objectives: Determine the factors associated with the perception of architectural barriers in health services for people with motor disabilities. Methods and Materials: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed based on a secondary data base obtained from a specialized national disability survey (ENEDIS) in 2012. The participants were people older than 18 years who had motor disability. The architectural barriers considered were the absence of access ramps, security guardrails, adequate elevators, hygienic services for people with disabilities, places that provide information or information posters in health centers. For the analysis of our study, the complex nature of the sample was considered and prevalence rates with a 95% confidence interval were used. Chi-square and Student t tests were also used and, finally, an analysis of multiple regression variables was carried out. Poisson with robust variance where crude and adjusted PR were calculated. Results: The main results show that in 2012, people aged 65 years and older perceive access ramps and safety railings as barriers in an approximate 40% less probability compared to those who are 18 – 24 years old. In addition, people with a higher educational level (University, Masters and doctorate) perceive the access ramps and safety railings in health centers as barriers in an approximate 80% less probability compared to those who have no educational level. Finally, those who live in rural areas are associated with access ramps, safety railings, adequate elevators, and bathrooms for people with disabilities (p<0.001) Conclusions: In this study we have found that older people (mainly older adults) and with higher educational level perceive less arquitectural barriers in health care centers where they are treated. However, people living in rural areas are more likely to perceive architectural barriers compared to people in urban areas.
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    • Is there an association between the level of stress and the presence of musculoskeletal disorders in doctors?

      Bravo Cucci, Sergio; Barahona Bustamante, Déborah Jael; Montoya Machuca, Stephanny Macold (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2020-04-20)
      Objective: To determine the association between perceived stress and the presence of musculoskeletal disorders in physicians at La Caleta de Chimbote Hospital and Eleazar Guzmán Barrón Regional Hospital in Ancash, Peru. Methods. An exploratory cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 116 physicians. The Nordic Questionnaire was used to determine the areas of musculoskeletal pain and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) to assess the level of stress. The sociodemographic and occupational characteristics of the population were evaluated from the measurement of proportions and measures of central tendency and dispersion. For the bivariate analysis, Fisher's exact test and Chi2 were used. Finally, the multivariate analysis, based on a Logistics Regression model, was calculated with the crude and adjusted Odd Ratio (OR) [95% Confidence Intervals (CI)]. Results: The responses of 71 evaluations from a group of people between ages 34 to 59 (median 48) with a higher predominance of males (72%) were analyzed. No statistically significant association was found between the presence of non-specific musculoskeletal disorders and the perception of stress (p = 0.066); However, cervical, lumbar, hip / leg and ankle / foot pain specifically did show a significant association (p = 0.009; p = 0.033; p = 0.033 and p = 0.034, respectively). Finally, the cervical area maintained its association when performing the crude analysis and adjusted to physical activity (ORc = 7.29; 95% CI = 1.51-35.21 / ORa = 7.29 95% CI = 1.25-42.37). Anatomical areas such as lumbar, hip / leg and ankle / foot showed a non-significant association when performing the multivariate analysis.
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    • Prevalencia y factores asociados a inestabilidad lumbar y/o lumbalgia en estibadores del mercado mayorista de lima, Perú – 2017

      Maguiña Quispe, Jorge Luis; Melgarejo Soto, Leonardo Angelo; Villanueva Alvarez , Luz Nataly (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2020-07-25)
      Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia y factores asociados a inestabilidad lumbar y/o lumbalgia en estibadores del Mercado Mayorista de Lima. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal analítico en 250 estibadores. Se utilizó la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) para valorar el dolor lumbar al momento de la entrevista y, asimismo, se usó el Índice de Dolor de Espalda (IDE) para valorar la lumbalgia en 5 movimientos. Con respecto a la valoración de la inestabilidad lumbar se empleó la prueba clínica Extensión Lumbar Pasiva (ELP). Finalmente para efectos de análisis se creó la variable ambas alteraciones (IDE/ELP). Resultados: La prevalencia de lumbalgia en los últimos 3 meses en estibadores fue de 68,8% (172/250), y la inestabilidad lumbar fue de 34,4% (86/250). Se encontró asociación de Ambas Alteraciones con años de trabajo ≥ 11 años ([IC 95%= 1,08 - 3,42]; p= 0,03). Con respecto al IDE con años de uso de faja existe asociación ([IC95%= 1,01 - 1,24]; p= 0,04). En el modelo ajustado no se encontró resultados estadísticamente significativos. Conclusiones: La lumbalgia e inestabilidad de la columna tuvieron como factor de asociación el año de uso de faja. Otro factor a considerar es los años de trabajo ya que realizar la actividad mayor a 11 años podría conllevar a una lumbalgia e inestabilidad lumbar.
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