• Asociación entre el trastorno del desarrollo de la coordinación y el trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad en niños entre 6 a 12 años en Lima, Perú.

      Moscoso Porras, Miguel Giancarlo; Sánchez Bardales, Isabel (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-15)
      Introduction: Children diagnosed with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly present developmental coordination disorders (DCD). However, current evidence is still unclear about the relationship between having ADHD and presence of DCD. Objective: To determine the association between DCD in children and ADHD. Materials and methods: A matched retrospective cohort study was conducted in Lima, Perú. Participants were children between the ages 6 and 12 years old. The sample included 160 participants, from which 32 were previously diagnosed with ADHD. A 1:4 matching was made recruiting healthy children closely related to the one that had ADHD, such as family or friends of same age and sex. The DCDQ’07 questionnaire was used to identify DCD and the SNAP-IV behavior scale to rule out ADHD in the healthy group. Mixed regression models were used to account for matching and to control confusion. Results: Data from the 160 participants were analyzed. DCDQ’07 scores in Children with ADHD were 10.3 points lower than the children without ADHD (CI 95%: -15,3 – -5,4, p<0,001). Within DCDQ’07 specific areas, children with ADHD scored in average 4.4 points less in general coordination (IC 95%: -6.1 – -2.8, p<0.001), 3.3 points less in fine motor skill (CI 95%: -4.9, – -1.7 p<0.001) and 2.6 points less in control during movement (CI 95%: -4.6 – -0.6, p<0.001) in comparison to those without ADHD. These differences remain significant in the model after adjusting for preterm birth, low birth weight and chronological age. Through the conditional logistic regression analysis, in adjusted and unadjusted models, children had 6 times the probability of developing DCD when compared to those without ADHD (CI 95%: 2,6 – 15,5, p<0,001). Conclusions: We found that the average score for DCD in the children diagnosed with ADHD was lower than the ones without ADHD. This suggest that these children have a greater difficulty with general coordination and fine motor skills which may affect the development of their everyday activities.
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    • Cervicalgia, discapacidad cervical y factores asociados en estudiantes y músicos del Conservatorio Nacional de Música

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-02)
      Objectives: to determine the presence of neck pain and the neck disability index in the students of the National Conservatory of Music as well as to evaluate their associated factors. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lima, Peru. The population was formed by students from the National Conservatory of Music, who were evaluated through a self-report survey of neck pain in the last 3 months, neck disability, as well as evaluating the presence of temporomandibular disorders. The association was assessed by calculating the adjusted prevalence ratios. Results: A total of 211 individuals were included, mean age ± standard deviation was 22.0 ± 2.0 years and the majority were male (70.0%). The neck pain prevalence was 69.4%; 45.6% had moderate disability and 45.0% presented mild disability. Playing bowed string instruments was associated with neck pain (RP 1.34 95% CI 1.15 - 1.57). An association between Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and neck pain(TMD moderate-severe) was found (RP 1.65 95% CI 0.99 - 2.75). The association between TMD with neck disability (TMD (absent-slight) was demonstrated: RP 2.81 CI 95% 1.00-7.84 and p = 0.048; TMD Moderate / Severe: RP 3.86 CI 95%: 1.39- 10.70 and p = 0.009) Conclusion: The association between neck pain and the practice with bowed string instruments was corroborated. An association of TMD with neck pain and neck disability was found. This also supports the association with neck disability. The active pauses and physical activity programs are tools that help to reduce neck pain. This leads to have less people predisposed to suffer neck disability.
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    • Dolor de hombro y factores asociados en personas con discapacidad física que usan silla de ruedas en un instituto de rehabilitación en Lima, Perú

      Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-22)
      Aim: To determine the shoulder pain level and associated factors among wheelchair users. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among wheelchair users who attend a Rehabilitation Institute, at the Amputated and Spinal Cord Injury Departments. A census was conducted through a self-administered survey including the Wheelchair Users’ Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) questionnaire. For data analysis, multiple linear regression was used. Results: The population comprised 351 individuals, the mean age was 43.78 ± 14.17 years, 47.58% were female; 81.48 % had spinal cord injury. Shoulder pain prevalence was 100%. The adjusted model showed that “spinal cord injury” diagnosis, manual wheelchair; time spent in the wheelchair, where the chair was acquired and the number of transfers during the weekend—were statistically associated with the presence of shoulder pain (p<0.05). Conclusions: Shoulder pain is associated with medical diagnosis, type of wheelchair, hours spent in the wheelchair, where the patient acquired the chair and the number of transfers in the previous weekend. These findings may be useful to screen at-risk sub populations.
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    • Valoración funcional y etapificación de la dismovilidad en adultos mayores al ingreso hospitalario a una Clínica Geriátrica especializada del Seguro Social en ESSALUD en Lima, Perú, 2013

      Becerra Bravo, Giancarlo; Retamal, Milagros; Segura, Eddy R.; Navarrete Vilca, Talia Brigitte (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-06-28)
      Background: Hospital admission in the elderly has an impact on functional capacity and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the association between the degree of functional dependence and degree of dysmobility in the elderly adult patient. Methods: We reviewed 180 medical charts of subjects admitted within the november-december 2013 period. Functionality was assessed with the Katz and Barthel Indexes while the degree of dysmobility was assessed with the etapification of the dysmobility scale. We analyzed the dichotomized dysfunction as the outcome variable in a GLM Log-Poisson regression to calculate crude and adjusted Prevalence Ratios (PR). Results: 50,6% were women and the mean age was 79,5 years with an standard deviation of 8,3. A total of 46,7% were categorized as Katz G (completely dependent), while 3,9% had an 1A or 1B dysmobility staging (biped). Subjects with Katz C/D/E stages had an aPR: 23,9 [95%CI: 3,1-185,6] to exhibit 1/2 (biped) dysmobility stage, while subjects with Katz A/B had an aPR: 100,0 [95%CI: 14,9-670,5], in both cases compared to subjects with Katz F/G stages. Conclusion: There is an association between functionality and dysmobility among elderly hospitalized patients at admission. We recommend all health professionals take into account this relationship during the comprehensive physiotherapeutic evaluation of the elderly patient in order to better individualize their assessment and treatment.
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