• Association between the number of hours that an adolescent from 10 to 17 years old performs domestic activity and the presence of pain

      Torres-Slimming, Paola Alejandra; Quispe Trinidad, Almendra Kristell; Villacrez Anchante, Jhosselyn Milagros (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 2021-03-22)
      Background: The pain in general, located in different areas of the body, presents with higher prevalence in adolescents. At the national level it is estimated that three out of four children between 6 and 17 years of age dedicate approximately 11 hours a week to activities within their home, which implies repetitive mechanics, muscle overloads and as a consequence the presence of pain. Objectives: Determine the association between the number of hours an adolescent does household activities and the presence of pain. Design: Cross sectional analytical observational that analyzes a secondary population data base of the INEI in urban and rural areas of the 24 departments of Peru and in the Constitutional Province of Callao. The data collection period was from October to December 2015. Patients/Materials: The secondary base of the INEI was included for children and adolescents from 10 to 17 years old. The dependent variable was defined as the presence of pain in the back, head or bones. The independent variable was defined as the number of hours dedicated to domestic activities and was categorized. The descriptive analysis shows absolute and relative frequencies for the categorical variables and in the bivariate, the Chi2 test was used. Finally, in the multivariate analysis, the Poisson model was used considering the 95% confidence intervals. Results: The results obtained according to our objectives show that adolescents who perform domestic activities for a time greater than 3 to 13 hours have a 10% lower risk of presenting pain compared to those of 1 to 3 hours (CI = 0.84 - 0.97) and a p value = 0.007. In a multivariate analysis adjusted to area, region, sex, age (years) -categorized, reason for which they carry out domestic work, adolescents who carry out dangerous tasks and work outside the home; adolescents who perform domestic activities in a time greater than 3 to 13 hours have a 5% lower risk of presenting pain compared to those of 1 to 3 hours (CI = 0.87 - 1.04) and a value of p = 0.320 Conclusion: Our study was able to determine that there is an association between the number of hours an adolescent performs domestic activities and the presence of pain.
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