Efectos de un programa de pausa activa más folletos informativos en la disminución de molestias musculoesqueléticas en trabajadores del área administrativa de una institución pública en Lima, Perú.
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AuthorsCáceres Muñoz, Virginia Steffany
Antonella Alejandra Magallanes Meneses
Dafne de las mercedes Torres Coronel
Copara Moreno, Peter
Escobar Galindo, Manuel
Estudios de casos y controles
Ejercicios de estiramiento muscular
Educación en salud
Prevención de enfermedades
Terapia Física y Rehabilitación
MetadataShow full item record
Citation C. Muñoz, V. Steffany, A. Alejandra, M. Meneses, and D. De, “Efectos de un programa de pausa activa más folletos informativos en la disminución de molestias musculoesqueléticas en trabajadores del área administrativa de una institución pública en Lima, Perú.,” Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017.
AbstractPurpose: To demonstrate the effect of an active pause program plus informative leaflets in reducing the perception of musculoskeletal discomfort on administrative employees from a public entity of Lima, Peru. Materials and methodology: A quasi-experimental non randomised study on administrative employees from two branches of a public institution was conducted. The initial and final measurement included frequency and intensity of musculoskeletal discomfort using Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire NMQ. The intervention after the initial measurement was for eight weeks. A total of 372 individuals were invited to participate, 135 individuals in the intervention group, who received an program active pause supervised and informative leaflets and 127 in the control group, who received only informative leaflets. The program consisted on breathing, stretching and muscle warm-up exercises. Furthermore, information leaflets were handed once a week. Outcome: Average participants’ age was 38 years old. The physical anatomy structures most affected were the neck and mid-back area. During the last seven days the intervention group suffered a decreased of 20% regarding prevalence of the musculoskeletal discomfort on the neck (p<0,001), and 17% on the low-back area (p<0,001). The controlled group showed a decrease on prevalence only in the mid-back area (p=0,029). In terms of discomfort severity, in the final measurement, the intervention group experienced a greater decrease in all areas included in the NMQ (p<0,05). Conclusion: Active pause program plus leaflets decreased musculoskeletal discomfort in office employees. Therefore, it can be implemented at other public or private entities with similar characteristics.