• Caries dental en primeras molares permanentes y segundas molares deciduas, según el sistema internacional de evaluación y detección de caries (ICDAS), en relación a la edad y el género de los niños de una Institución Educativa Nacional del distrito de Ate

      Barragán Salazar, Nathaly Carolina; Marin Leiva, Maria Jose (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-09-11)
      Objective: Determine the first permanent and second deciduous molar dental cavity frequency in relation to kids age and gender, in an Educational National Institution in Ate district, during the 2014-2015 period. Materials and methods: This was retrospective study. The unit of analysis was conformed by epidemiological records from 218 kids, between 8 and 10 years old, both female and male, from a public Educational Institution in Ate district, evaluated between 2014 and 2015. Results: The codes with a highest prevalence both in permanent and deciduous molars were 1, 2 and 3, related to enamel cavities. However, the pieces 85 and 46 presented greater prevalence in codes 4 and 6, in 8 and 10 year olds, which relate to dentin cavities. In regards to the gender, both male and female presented greater prevalence in codes 1, 2 and 3. Conclusions: The inclusion of non-cavitated caries lesions is necessary in the caries registers, since these injuries can be stopped through preventive treatment and diagnostic disease development. Nowadays, it is knowledge important because it prevent the development of the pathology, whose purpose would be to maintain the integrity of the dental structure and therefore promote the optimum state of the oral and integral health.
      Acceso abierto
    • Prevalencia de la hipomineralización incisivo molar (him) y sus posibles factores etiológicos en niños de 8 a 11 años en una institución educativa particular del distrito de Ate

      Dávila Flores, César Luis; Geller, Dafna (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-12-01)
      Objective: To determine the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (HIM) and it’s possible etiological factors in patients from 8 to 11 years of age at the Nuestra Señora de la Merced educational institution in the district of Ate. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 229 children between the ages of 8 and 11 years old at the Private Educational Institution Nuestra Señora de la Merced in Ate. The diagnosis was established based on the criteria developed by Weerheijm et al (2003) and the severity, according to the criteria proposed by Mathu – Muju & Wrigth (2006). Likewise, a survey, which is used by the WHO about defects of enamel, was conducted. Results: The prevalence was found of 18.78%, 15.72% of which showed mild signs; 1.75%, moderate signs; and 1.31%, severe signs. Finally, children aged 8 to 11 years with molar incisor hypomineralization had as their most prevalent etiological factor, prenatal complications. Conclusion: In conclusión, the prevalence found in this study was similar to the one found in European populations. Etiology of molar hypomineralization is unknown. However, this study has showed a higher frequency of prenatal complication factors and antibiotics consumption during the first three years of life.
      Acceso restringido temporalmente