• Asociación del nivel de ansiedad - estado de los alumnos de odontología con el tipo de tratamiento dental realizado a los niños de 5 a 12 años en la clínica docente de la UPC

      Campos Campos, Katherine Jeanette; Gargurevich, Rafael; Napán Arcos, Kiara Sophia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-09-27)
      Objective: This study was aimed at associating the level of State- Anxiety of Odontology students with the kind of dental treatment provided to children aged 5 to 12 years. Materials and Methods: The anxiety was mesured with the scale STAI Y1 from the State – Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Visual Analogue Scale for anxiety (VAS-A). The sample was composed of 33 students belonging to the Odontology Degree Program. These students were evaluated before carrying out treatments such as prophylaxis, fluorine, sealants, restorations with local anesthesia, and pulp treatments. Results: Out of the total number of students evaluated, 69.7% were women and 30.3% were men; 132 inventories were developed. Statiscally significant association were found (p<0.05) between the level of anxiety caused by the four treatments performance according to the STAI Y1 and VAS-A and, as a result, a greater number of students with medium and high level of State - Anxiety before carrying out pulp treatments and restorations with local anesthesia and qualified very anxious before pulp treatments. By associating the level of State - Anxiety of students with the patients age, the levels that prevailed were medium and high before treating patients aged between 5 to 9 years. Conclusion: We can conclude that students had a medium and high level of State - Anxiety before carrying out pulp treatments and restaorations with local anesthesia and they were qualified as very anxious before pulp treatments.
      Acceso abierto
    • Asociación entre los niveles de ansiedad dental que presentan los pacientes pediátricos en su primera cita según el test de imágenes de Venham y la ansiedad dental de las madres con la escala de ansiedad dental de Corah en el Centro Universitario de Salud de la UPC

      Campos Campos, Katherine Jeanette; Reyes Bossio, Mario; Piedra Quispe, Danissa Silvina (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-20)
      Objective: To evaluate the association between pediatric patients’ dental anxiety and their mothers’ on their first dental visit at the Centro Universitario de Salud – UPC from Peru. Materials and methods: Venham’s Picture Test was used to evaluate children’s anxiety and Corah’s Dental Anxiey Scale for their mothers. 159 patients between the ages of 6 to 12 years old of both genders and their mothers were evaluated at reception while waiting for the first dental visit. Results: It was found that, 14 (8.81%) of the anxious children came with mothers presenting moderate anxiety and just 6 (3.77%) anxious children came with mothers presenting high anxiety, finding a significant association between children’s and mother’s anxiety. (p=0.025). Conclusion: A significant influence of the mother’s level of dental anxiety on their children anxiety during their dental visit was found.
      Acceso abierto
    • Comparación de dos técnicas no farmacológicas en el control de la ansiedad en niños antes, durante y después del tratamiento dental

      Ramírez, María Cecilia; Reyes Bossio, Mario; Alarco Cadillo, Lorena (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-04-04)
      Nowadays you can opt for non-pharmacological techniques for the control and management of anxiety problems as it significantly influences the behavior of children during dental consultation and negatively affects their oral health and a high level of anxiety produces a total rejection of child dental care. Objective: To compare two non-pharmacological techniques (music therapy and audiovisual distraction) in controlling anxiety before, during and after dental treatment of children between 5 and 10 years old attended at the University Health Center of the Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Materials and Methods: a quasi-experimental study was conducted and anxiety levels obtained with Venham Picture Test and Venham Anxiety Scale a total of 60 pediatric patients under non-pharmacological techniques music therapy and audiovisual distraction was compared. Results: The mean score obtained before the dental consultation with the Venham Picture Test for the control group was 2, for the music therapy group was 1.4 and 1.45 for the audiovisual group; the mean score obtained during the dental consultation with the Venham Anxiety Scale for the control group was 1.4 , for the music therapy group was 0.2 and 0.2 for the audiovisual group; the average after dental consultation for the control group was 1.95, for music therapy was 0.45 and the audiovisual group was 0.3. Conclusions: The results indicate that if there was a reduction in anxiety levels by using both non-pharmacological techniques in the study population.
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