• Prevalencia de caries de aparición temprana en niños de 3 a 5 años y 11 meses de edad y su asociación con sus factores predisponentes en el policlínico Essalud Chincha de setiembre 2012 a febrero 2013

      Geller Palti, Dafna; Tovar Zevallos, Manuel Alberto (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)PE, 03/11/2015)
      Objective: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in children aged 3-5 years and 11 months old and its association with predisposing factors at the Polyclinic EsSalud Chincha since September 2012 to February 2013. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study. The information was collected from the office files in the Polyclinic Essalud Chincha - Peru. The sample consisted in 300 Medical Files of children aged 3-5 years that have been attended during September 2012 to February 2013. Variables of gender, age, oral hygiene index (OHI), affected surfaces and carbohydrate intake frequency (CIF) were evaluated. Microsoft Excel and SPSS statistical package was used. Prevalence data was obtained and the association was determined by testing chi square with a level of statistical significance (p <0.05). Results: The prevalence of ECC was 67.33%. Female gender showed a prevalence of 50.4% and male gender of 49.6%. It was found a greater average of dental caries in the occlusal surface (2.29), then the interproximal surface (0.78) and finally the smooth surface (0.55). Children aged 4 years had a higher prevalence of CAT (38.2%). Statistically significant association between ECC and variables such as age (p = 0.005), frequency of sugar consumption (p = 0.000) and soft plaque index (p = 0.000) was found. Conclusions: A high prevalence of ECC was found in children. The predisposing factors for the presence of caries were age, oral hygiene and sugar intake.
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