• Calidad de vida en relación a la salud oral en preescolares de una institución educativa pública de Lima

      Ñaupari Pineda, José Raul; Aguilar Huaman, Daniela Messiel (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-05)
      Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life in relation to oral health and related factors in pre - school children of a public educational institution in Lima. Methods. This study followed a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional design, using a sample of 199 children aged 3 to 5 years attending a Public Initial Educational Institution in the district of Chorrillos, Lima. Caregivers completed the ECOHIS (Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale) questionnaire and answered questions related to sociodemographic factors (gender, preschool age, gender, age, and level of education of the person in charge of the child). Spearman correlation, Student's t, Gaussian GLM regression and identity with coefficient and 95% CI. Results. The observed characteristics of the children, found that approximately half were women (51.8%) and the mean age was 4 years (d.e: 0.8). The majority of those responsible for child care were women (66.3%). The mean score for ECOHIS was 30.7. In the analysis of multiple variables it was found that parents with higher education reported a better quality of life than parents with secondary or lower education (Coef .: -16.5, 95% CI: 22.2, -10.8). Parents with higher education had an average of 16.4 points less on ECOHIS compared to parents with a high school education (Coef.:16.4, 95% CI: -22.1, -10.6). Conclusion. The low educational level of the caregiver is associated with a lower quality of life related to oral health. It is necessary to establish strategies of promotion and prevention with special emphasis on improving the quality of life in these people with less education.
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