• Asociación entre la Escala de Adicción al Internet de Lima y el estado nutricional en adolescentes del nivel secundario

      Mayta-Tristan, Percy; Cusirramos Jiménez, Sandra Edith; Márquez Hinojosa, Alexandra; Mesones Tello, Rossana (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-11-17)
      Objective: Estimate the association between the use and Internet addiction (IA), with obesity in adolescent students from a private high school in Lima, Peru. Methodology: The cross-sectional type study was done on November 2014. Students between 12 and 17 years old were included. Obesity, as one possible consequence of use and IA, was measured by nutritional status with BMI adjusted to age and gender; abdominal obesity with waist-to-height ratio. Results could be affected by physical activity (PA). Due to this it was measured with PAQ-A; IA risk with EAIL. Weekly time usage of Internet (TUI) was divided into three groups, and the association between Internet usage and addiction to it with obesity was evaluated with Adjusted Prevalence Ratios (aPR). Results: 544 students, with an average age of 14.5 years were evaluated. Out of these students, 51.3% were male, 90.3% used Internet from their Smartphones and 67.7% were sedentary. Out of the total 28.5% had overweight/obesity, 9.7% had abdominal obesity; 32.9% used more than 32 hours on Internet and the remaining 28.9% had a high IA risk. It was found that a higher TUI was associated with overweight/obesity (aPR: 1,45; IC95%:1,04-2,00), also to abdominal obesity: (aPR: 2,25; IC95%:1,19-4,27) and a lower PA: (aPR: 1,23; IC 95% 1,06-1,42) on a higher number of students. No association was found between obesity and IA risk (p>0,05). Conclusion: There is an association between higher TUI, overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adolescent school students. Therefore it is suggested to control the TUI by adolescents.
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