• Asociación entre las condiciones de vivienda y el desarrollo de la primera peritonitis en pacientes que iniciaron diálisis peritoneal en el periodo 2002 – 2011 en un hospital de Lima

      Salazar Huayna, Lourdes Elena; Vélez Segovia, Eduardo Antonio (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-02-21)
      Background: The features of housing are an important risk factor to properly carry out the treatment of peritoneal dialysis. However, the actual situation is that it doesn’t know the real relationship between the characteristics of housing and the development of peritonitis. Methods: A retrospective cohort was made including all patients over 18 years who started PD between the period January 2002 and December 2011 at the Hospital National Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen. The follow-up times was described as the beginning date of use DP and the first peritonitis or other events (hemodialysis, transplant, death or abandonment). The variables were evaluated according to their type using descriptive and inferential statistic. Results: The analysis included 218 patients with a mean age of 54 years ± 16. The main place where the patients did the procedure of peritoneal dialysis is the bedroom (77,3%), most of it is clean (54,3%), organized (71,3%) and clear (61,8%). The inputs for the procedure are stored indoors (95,7%) and the person who executes the procedure is the patient in most cases (73,1%). The observed incidence was 0,17 episodes/patient-year. The mean follow-up time was 975 days ± 750. No significant results were found between the housing conditions and the development of the first peritonitis in patients who are treated by peritoneal dialysis. Conclusion: No association was found between the housing conditions and the development of the first peritonitis. It is necessary to evaluated and improve the home visit program in order to obtain better information of housing condition.
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