• Violencia contra médicos en establecimientos de salud hospitalarios, en Lima Metropolitana

      Mezones Holguín, Edward; Tuya Figueroa, Ximena Lais (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-01-30)
      Objective: To estimate the frequency and associated factors with external workplace violence external type threat (VLETA) against doctors in hospital health services of Lima, Peru. Materials and Methods: A crosscut and analytical study that included medical hospital health services of Health Ministry, Social Security and the private sub-sector through a survey. VLETA frequency was measured throughout the practice, in the last twelve months and in the last month. Variables related to doctor, the aggressor and the health service were measured too. The crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) with CI 95% to evaluate the association between factors and VLETA in the last twelve months, were calculated using a generalized linear model with nonparametric bootstrap. Results: 406 physicians were included. 31.5% were victims of VLETA at least once during his practice, 19.9% in the last twelve months and 7.6% in the last month. The probability of being threatened in the last twelve months increased if the doctor was male (aPR: 1.7; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.8), graduated from a Peruvian university outside Lima Metropolitana (aPR 1.5, 95 % 1.1-2.4), worked in MINSA (aPR 7.9; 95% CI 2.24 to 50.73) or EsSalud (aPR 8.68, 95% CI 2.26 to 56.17), and attending emergency (aPR 1.9; 95% CI 1.2 to 3.6) or operating room (95% CI 1.1-2.3 aPR 1.6). Age, years of professional practice or a resident doctor, not associated with VLETA. Conclusion: A high proportion of doctors has been the victim of VLETA. Physicians who worked in public services were more likely to be victims. It is suggested to implement strategies for primary prevention, identification and support in hospitals.
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