• La multiparidad como factor de riesgo para Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional

      Bernabe Ortiz, Antonio; Ulloa Millares, Viviana; Anny Dennis Huillca Briceño; Nathalie Melissa Romani Varillas (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2016-02-09)
      Objectives: To identify risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: A case-control study was performed in Alberto Sabogal Hospital, collecting medical records from 2009 to 2014. A case was defined as a pregnant women diagnosed with GDM by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after an abnormal fasting glucose and control was defined as a pregnant women without GDM indicative values. The study outcome was GDM. The variables of interest were multiparity, previous cesarean section, abortions, newborn with the greatest weight. Logistic regression were used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and a confidence interval of 95% (IC95%). Results: 84 cases and 336 controls were included. In the multivariate model, multiparity increased risk of GDM (OR= 3.54, 95% CI 1.55 to 8.14). As well history of abortions, from the second abortion (OR= 3.40, 95% CI 1.55 to 7.44) and previous cesarean section are also related (cesarean section 1 OR= 3.5 95% CI 1.89 to 6.47 and 2+ cesarean OR= 8.35 95% CI 3.50 to 19.95). Multiparity, two or more abortions, a biggest number of cesarean sections are GDM risk factors.
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