• Emerging and reemerging arboviruses: a threat of epidemic complications in the east of Peru

      Valle Mendoza, Juana Mercedes del; Alva Urcia, Carlos Alberto (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-03-01)
      Background:Arboviruses are one of the most common causes of acute febrile illness and an emerging health problem in South America. In Peru, the number of Dengue cases have double in the last year; however, less than 50% of acute febrile illnessare laboratory confirmed leading to an underdiagnoses of other important arboviruses. Aim:To assess the frequency of Dengue (DENV), Oropuche (OROV), Chikungunya (CHIKV), Mayaro (MAYV) and Zika ZIKV) in patients with acute febrile illness from Puerto Maldonado, Peru. Methodology: Samples were obtained from patients with acute febrile illness during January 2016 to March 2016.A total of 139 specimens were collected and assessed for the presence of DENV, OROV, CHIKV, MAYV and ZIKV via RT-PCR. Results: CHIKV in 9.35% (13/139) and OROV in 8.63% (12/139) were the most prevalent arboviruses, followed by DENV (6.47%) and ZIKV (5.04%). Among all patients, the most common symptoms accompanying fever were: Headache 79.86% (111/139), Muscle pain 65.47% (91/139) and Joint pain 63.31% (88/139). Conclusions: CHIKV and OROV were the most common arboviruses in our study. To enhance arbovirus surveillance is crucial to understand the role of these pathogens in Peru. PCR represents a reliable test for arboviral surveillance and should be considered as the preferred method for laboratory confirmation in Peru.
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