• La edad materna como factor predisponente de complicaciones en el emabrazo de gestantes adolescentes y adultas. Estuido de corte transversal en el hospital María Auxiliadora, Lima, Perú.

      Piscoya, Alejandro; Maticorena Quevedo, Diego Alejandro; Okumura clark, Javier Alejandro (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2014-01-28)
      Objective: To determine whether maternal age is associated with increased or decreased risk of obstetric and perinatal outcomes, adjusting by several factors. Metods: Retrospective cohort study of 67 693 pregnant women in Lima, from January 2000 to December 2010, using the perinatal database computer system from the Hospital Nacional María Auxiliadora. Outcomes were compared among pregnant adolescents (< 20 years) and adults (20-35 years); in addition, the adolescent group was divided in late adolescents (15-20 years), and early adolescents (<15 years). Adjusted odds ratios were obtained through logistic regression analysis. Results: Adjusting by several factors, an increased risk of cesarean and puerperal infection in adolescents less than 15 years was found, as well as an increased risk of episiotomy in the total group of adolescents. In addition, this study identified a lower risk of preeclampsia, 2nd half-pregnancy bleeding, premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor and vaginal tearing among adolescent mothers. Conclusion: Teenage pregnancy was found as a risk factor for adverse obstetric outcomes; hence, a multidisciplinary prenatal care for this group of adolescent is recommended. Key Word: Adolescent pregnancy, obstetric outcomes, perinatal outcomes
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