• Prevalencia y asociación entre la dependencia funcional y síntomas depresivos en el adulto mayor de un centro público de atención residencial geronto-geriátrico de Lima-Perú

      Segura, Eddy R.; Monroe Diaz, Francisco Javier; Tello Del Mar, Solania; Torres Bueno, María Fernanda (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-03-04)
      Introduction: Institutionalized Elderly (IE) constitute a vulnerable population because they lose their autonomy to adapt to a new environment which predisposes the onset of depressive symptoms and functional dependency. The aim of the study is determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and functional dependency in public old age homes. Materials and Methods: Analytical cross- sectional study using standardized scales to evaluate depressive symptoms (Yesavague’s Geriatric Depression Scale) and functional dependency on activities of daily living (Barthel Scale) and extracting data manually from medical records in a Gerontological- Geriatric Center in Lima Peru from February to April, 2013. Results: 153 IE were enrolled in the study with a mean age of 80.8, +/- 7.3 years. They were predominantly men, single and with low educational level, 47.1% had some degree of functional dependency and 62.09% some symptom of depression. The Spearman coefficient between Yesavage and Barthel illustrated non-significant negative correlation (-0.14, p=0.08). In the multivariate linear regression analysis, the covariates secondary education (<0.01), arterial hypertension (p<0.01) and functional dependency (p=0.01) were associated with a higher score of depressive symptoms. Conclusions: There is a significant association between depressive symptoms and functional dependency. Thus, the early identification of low functional dependency in IE should be considered as an early indicator to avoid depressive symptoms.
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