• Factores asociados con el síndrome de Burnout en médicos y enfermeras, Perú 2014.

      Gutierrez Sierra, Manuel; Beas Niño de Guzmán, Julio Renato (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-14)
      Aim: To identify factors associated to burnout syndrome (BS) in health workers from Peru in 2014. Methods: A cross-sectional study by secondary analysis of the Peruvian National Survey of Users of Health in 2014 was conducted. BS was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). A descriptive analysis was performed, also bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed calculating p values and crude and adjusted OR by logistic regression. Results: Prevalence of BS in health professionals was 2.8% and associated variables were: gender, time in the health, working hours and total monthly income. Conclusions: We found that factors associated with SB on the staff of Peru in 2014 were gender, time in the health sector, working hours and the total monthly income.
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    • Síndrome de Burnout como factor asociado a la intención de emigrar en médicos y enfermeras, Perú 2014

      Gutierrez Sierra, Manuel; Anduaga-Beramendi, Alexander; Maticorena, Jesus (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-14)
      Background: Emigration of healthcare workers is a problem within global health systems that affects many countries, including Peru. Several factors have caused health workers to emigrate, including burnout syndrome (BS). This study aims to identify the association between BS and its dimensions with the intention of physicians and nurses to emigrate from Peru in 2014. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study, based on a secondary analysis of the National Survey of Health Users (ENSUSALUD - 2014) was conducted. Sampling was probabilistic, considering the 24 departments of Peru. We include the questionnaire for physicians and nurses, accounting for 3493 workers. BS was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Adjusted OR was calculated using multiple logistic regression. Results: Of the study population, 43,5% were physicians, 34,6% males and 22,6% were working in Lima. It was found that 3,6% of healthcare workers had BS. The overall prevalence of intention to emigrate in healthcare workers was 8,8%. Association was found between BS and intention to emigrate in Peruvian healthcare workers (PR=1,92; IC 95% 1,04-3,54). Emotional exhaustion was the BS dimension most associated with intention to emigrate (PR=2,02; IC 1,22-2,77). Conclusions: Physicians and nurses from Peru who suffered BS were more likely to have intention to emigrate. Policies should be established in order to reduce BS as a strategy to control ‘’brain drain’’ from healthcare workers of Peru.
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