• Agresión y victimización entre pares y su asociación con depresión en escolares

      Soto Tarazona, Alonso Ricardo; Veramendi Granados, Abid Mary; Lau Gutiérrez, Valeria Johanna; Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-02-07)
      The teenage population is one of the age groups most likely to suffer from depression and are different factors that play an important role in the development of this, within them the "bullying". Objective: To establish the association between depression and aggressors and victims of bullying in high school students of public schools of Chorrillos. Methods: A secondary analysis of a study "Association between victimization by bullying and Internet addiction in Lima schoolchildren" was carried out. The variables depression, and victimization and aggression between pairs were measured, as well as sociodemographic variables. Results: Of a total of 860 students, 63.1% were male, with an average age of 14.5 +/- 1.6 years and it was found that 95.2% lived with at least one of the parents at home. 51.9% presented some degree of depression, 64.2% were categorized as medium and superior tertile of aggressors of the total them, and 62.7% as médium and superior tertile of victims of them. In the adjusted model, moderate-severe depression had a strong association with superior tertile of aggression (PR: 5.37, 95% CI: 2.98-9.66) and with victimization (PR: 4.33, 95% CI: 2.43). - 7.71). Conclusion: Depression was associated with both profiles, of the aggressor and victim of bullying.
      Acceso abierto
    • Asociación de factores comunitarios y la actividad física en adolescentes de 14-15 años en Perú e India

      Tejada Caminiti, Romina Arely; Pereyra Elías, Reneé; García Aguilar, Dylan Alessandro; Silva Salazar, Luis Renato (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-07-10)
      Background: Physical inactivity is present in 80.3% of 13-15 year old teenagers. Few studies have evaluated the effects of community variables on physical activity. Our research evaluates such association in teenagers from developing countries. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional, analytical, multi-level study; a secondary analysis of the Young Lives cohort, in Peru and India. Physical activity was measured as the self-reported number of days per week that it was performed for at least 60 minutes. A community authority self-reported the presence of air pollution (due to industrial activity), robbery, gangs, drug addicts, and recreational areas. We calculated crude and adjusted exponential regression coefficient (IRR and aIRR), with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) through Poisson family mixed regression models. Results: 1494 participants were included (575 Peruvian, 919 Indian). 50,5% were male; with a median age of 14.9 (Interquartile range [RIC]: 0,6) years. The number of physical activity days in Peruvian participants that lived in communities that reported air pollution (due to industrial activity), was 35% less than the number of those who lived in communities that did not report such a problem (aIRR: 0.65; 95%CI: 0.45-0.93). The number of physical activity days of participants in Indian communities with gangs and recreational areas was 51% (aIRR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.18) and 23% (aIRR: 1.25; 95%CI: 1.05-1.48) higher than the ones who did not report these characteristics, respectively. Conclusions: Presence of air pollution due to industrial activity was negatively associated to physical activity in Peruvian population. Presence of gangs and sport courts was positively associated to physical activity in Indian population.
      Acceso abierto
    • Asociación entre la alexitimia y los trastornos de conducta alimentaria en adolescentes mujeres que cursan estudios secundarios de Colegios Públicos en Lima, Perú

      Mezones Holguín, Edward; Sagástegui Soto, Abel; Larco Castilla, Piero Fernando; Murillo Pérez, Luis Enrique; Rodríguez Aguilar, Renzo Rodolfo (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-02-22)
      ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ALEXITHYMIA AND THE RISK OF EATING DISORDERS IN ADOLESCENT WOMEN FROM PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS IN LIMA, PERU Objective. To evaluate association between alexithymia and the risk of eating disorders (RED), adjusted by sociodemographic, academic and clinic variables in adolescent women from public high schools in Lima, Peru. Methods. We carried out a cross-sectional study on women between 12 and 18 years old. We used the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) to assess Alexithymia and RED, respectively. In addition, we measured age, residence, smoking, alcohol consumption, type of school, self-esteem, anxiety risk, and depression risk. We calculated prevalence ratios with 95% confidence interval (PR (95% CI)) using generalized linear Poisson family models with robust standard errors. Results. In 890 participants, 36.7% had alexithymia and 35.5% possible alexithymia, and 35.7% had RED. Proportion of RED was greater in women with alexithymia (50.5%) than in who had possible alexithymia (30.5%), and who without alexithymia (23.8%) (p<0.001). In the crude model, the probability of RED in women with alexithymia was higher than in women without alexithymia (PR=2.12 95%CI:1.65-2.70), which remained in the model adjusted by statistical criteria (PR=1.54 95%CI:1.19-2.00), and in the model adjusted by epidemiological criteria (PR=1.70 95%CI:1.31-2.20). Conclusion. Alexithymia was associated with RED in Peruvian adolescent school girls. The exploration of this condition in high school students would allow the comprehensive assessment of mental health in adolescents from public schools.
      Acceso restringido temporalmente
    • Factores asociados a la pertenencia a pandillas en la adolescencia. Un análisis secundario de la base “Niños del Milenio” (Perú)

      Alvarado Cutipa-Flores, German Felipe; Arriola Montenegro, Liliana de Fátima (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-15)
      Objetivo: El estudio busca determinar los factores asociados a la pertenencia a pandillas en los adolescentes peruanos que formaron parte del estudio “Niños del Milenio” (Perú) llevada a cabo durante el 2013. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un análisis secundario del estudio “Niños del Milenio” (Perú). Se utilizaron datos de la ronda uno y cuatro. El tamaño de muestra inicial fue de 714 personas que correspondían a los participantes de la ronda uno; sin embargo, debido a pérdidas, el tamaño final fue de 635 personas. Se utilizó Regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta, calculándose razones de prevalencia (PR) crudas y ajustadas con IC 95%. Resultados: En el estudio, se encontró una prevalencia de 5,5% de pertenencia a pandillas. En el análisis ajustado, se encontró que las variables frecuencia de consumo de alcohol (PR: 3,0; IC 95% 1,3 a 6,7), amistades en pandillas (PR: 5,4; IC 95% 1,6 a 17,6) y tener antecedentes de arrestos policiales (PR: 2,7; IC 95% 1,4 a 5,1) estuvieron asociadas a la pertenencia de pandillas. Sin embargo, no se encontró asociación entre el desenlace con el sexo, edad, procedencia, nivel socioeconómico, uso de armas, violencia física o psicológica por parte de familiares y el consumo de alcohol por parte de la pareja del cuidador. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de pertenencia a pandillas fue de 5.5%. Se concluyó que las variables frecuencia de consumo de alcohol, amistades en pandillas y arrestos policiales se encontraron asociadas a la pertenencia a pandillas.
      Acceso abierto
    • Factores asociados a la portación de armas en adolescentes peruanos

      Alvarado Cutipa-Flores, German Felipe; Barrientos Matta, Viviana Lucía; Ugas Burranca, Deborah Ximena (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-03-06)
      Objectives: To determine associated factors of weapon carrying in adolescents from Peru. Materials and Methods: Secondary analysis from the Young Lives cohort, in which round three from the older cohort was used, 640 participants were included. The outcome was measured with the question “During the last 30 days, on how many days did you carry a weapon such as a knife, machete or gun to be able to protect yourself?” Sociodemographic characteristics were also assessed. Poisson Regression with robust variance was used to compute Prevalence Ratios (PR) with 95% CI. Results: We found that 45,94% were women. The mean age for round 3 was 15 years of age. 8,12% [8,10-8,14] of the adolescents carried a weapon. In adjusted analysis, age, drug use and smoking cigarettes (p<0,05) were associated with the outcome. We did not find association with gender, socioeconomic status and being hurt by a family member. Conclusions: Age, being hurt by a family member, smoking and drug consumption were associated with weapon carrying. Further evaluations with different instruments and longitudinal designs should be performed.
      Acceso abierto