Browsing Medicina by Subject "Accidentes de trabajo"
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Factores asociados a la mortalidad en accidentes laborales reportados en un hospital del Seguro Social de Lima, Perú(Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 21/02/2017)Introduction: Every year 2.3 million work accidents occur worldwide, affecting families, companies and society in general. At the global level, there are studies that associate work accidents with age, gender, type of work, among others. On the other hand, there is little evidence on factors associated with work-related mortality, which is accentuated in Peru and Latin America. Objectives: To determine the main factors associated to labor related accidents reported in National Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins (HNERM). Methods: Cross-sectional study of secondary source, data from the study has been obtained from the hospital database of labor related accidents, based on the format of labor accidents that EsSalud has since January 2009 to December 2013.Results: From 21 561 labor accidents, it has been reported 160 deaths. The major quantity of accidents occurred in 2009, in male (72.12%). About the accident, in general, the variables with more percentage of mortality were parts of the building (causative agent), extremities (damaged parts of the body) and physical effort and others (way of accident). The association with mortality has been seen in variables kind of worker, no technical workers or operators RP=0.48 IC95% (0.31-0.75); causal agent, installations RP=0.69 (IC95%:0.49-0.99), materials RP=0.55 (IC95%:0.35-0.87), external factors RP=5.07 (IC95%:3.85-6.67) and afternoon shift RP=2.48 (IC95%:1.30-4.74). Conclusions: The factors that were associated with the mortality of patients due to occupational accidents were mainly the non-technical worker, causal agent and the work schedule in the afternoon.Acceso restringido temporalmente