• Asociación entre apoyo social percibido y aborto inducido: estudio en centros maternos infantiles de Lima, Perú

      Piscoya, Alejandro; Bernabé Ortiz, Antonio; Rodríguez Medina, Angélica Desiree; Sánchez Siancas, Luis Enrique (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2015-02-04)
      Objective: To determine the association between perceived social support and induced abortion among women from maternal health centers in Lima, Peru. Besides, prevalence and incidence of induced abortion were estimated in this population. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study enrolling women aged 18 to 25 years. Induced abortion was defined using one of the Rossier methods: difference between the total number of pregnancies ended in abortion and the number of spontaneous abortions, whereas perceived social support was assessed using the DUKE-UNC scale. The association between variables of interest was estimated using generalized linear models adjusting by potential confounders. Results: A total of 298 women were enrolled, mean age 21.6 (SD: 2.2) years. Low levels of social support was found in 43.6% (95%CI 38.0%–49.3%) and 17.4% (95%CI: 13.1%– 21.8%) reported at least one induced abortion. The incidence of induced abortion was 2.37 (95%CI: 1.81–3.11) per 100 persons-year of follow-up. There was evidence of the association between social support and induced abortion (RR=1.93; 95%CI: 1.13–3.30) after controlling for potential confounders. Conclusions: There was evidence of an association between perceived social support and induced abortion among women aged 18 to 25 years. The incidence of induced abortion was similar or higher than countries where abortion is legal. A great proportion of women had low levels of social support. Strategies to increase social support and reduce induced abortion rates are needed.
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