• Asociación entre el hiperinsulinismo y embarazo en mujeres con síndrome de ovario poliquístico: revisión Sistemática y Meta-Análisis

      Hernandez, Adrian V.; Lázaro Alcántara, Herbert; Ríos Meléndez, Kathleen Stefanie Esther; Natividad Núñez, Augusto Alonso; Vilca Hau, Guillermo Gerónimo (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-03-10)
      OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between hyperinsulinism (HI) and pregnancy in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PATTERN: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of observational studies that evaluated the association between hyperinsulinism and obstetric outcomes. We searched the literature through the databases of PubMed-MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases until June 2015. PATIENT(s): Women on reproductive age with polycystic ovarian syndrome. MAIN EFFECTS OF RESULTS: The primary outcome was pregnancy; The secondary outcomes were miscarriage, gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. For the analysis of the study we used the random effects model. RESULTS: We found 7 prospective cohorts and 4 case-control studies (n = 711). The percentage of pregnancy in women with hyperinsulinemia was significantly lower than in women without hyperinsulinemia (45/213 [21.1%] vs 114/273 [41.8%], or 0.36, 95% ci 0.21-0.62, p <0.001). There was no difference in the percentage of miscarriages between women with hyperinsulinemia and women without hyperinsulinemia (9/100 [9.0%] vs 15/147 [10.2%], or 0.90, 95% ci 0.36-2.22, p0.001). The information was scarce regarding the effects of gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. Conclusions: There is a significant and inverse association between hyperinsulinism and pregnancy in women with PCOS. Likewise, we do not found differences between PCOS patients with HI and PCOS patients without HI regarding the risk of miscarriage.On the other hand, there was not enough information to analyze the results of gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
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