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  • Control psicológico parental y problemas externalizados e internalizados en adolescentes de Lima Metropolitana

    Manzanares Medina, Eduardo Luis; Solis Calcina, Genoveva Leslie (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-04-20)
    Se estudió la relación entre el control psicológico parental y los problemas externalizados e internalizados en un grupo de 170 adolescentes (58.20% hombres y 41.80% mujeres), entre 13 y 17 años, estudiantes de secundaria de un colegio privado de Lima, Perú. Se utilizó la escala de Control Psicológico Parental DAPCS-S, que mide la percepción de las dimensiones de dependencia y autocrítica de los padres y el Inventario Youth Self Report, que mide los problemas emocionales y conductuales en adolescentes. Los resultados mostraron una correlación positiva y significativa con el control psicológico parental orientado a la autocrítica (CPA) y a la dependencia (CPD); y los problemas internalizados y externalizados. Siendo el CPD materno y el CPA paterno los que explicaron en mayor medida los problemas internalizados, significativamente en las mujeres. En el caso de los problemas externalizados, el CPD materno y paterno explicó en mayor medida la conducta delictiva en varones.
  • El significado de tatuarse: estudio de casos exploratorio con jóvenes universitarios limeños

    Ulloa Rodríguez, Lorena; Tagliabue Ganoza, Regina (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-05-18)
    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo comprender la experiencia de tatuarse y sus significados a partir del análisis de tres casos de jóvenes universitarios que se encuentran tatuados. Se exploraron los casos de 2 mujeres y 1 hombre, todos estudiantes universitarios de clase social media que residen en Lima Metropolitana con sus padres. La investigación siguió un modelo hermenéutico fenomenológico. Para recoger la información se usó la técnica dinámica conversacional, se trabajó la información mediante un análisis temático. Se recogió la información pertinente de las experiencias con el tatuaje y las historias personales mediante cuatro sesiones de entrevista con cada uno de los participantes. Los resultados evidenciaron que la motivación para tatuarse se encontraba asociada con deseo de representar una experiencia emocional vivida de manera intensa, que se quiere registrar de manera infinita en el cuerpo. Estos resultados tomaron un significado particular según lo recogido de cada caso; Leandro en los múltiples duelos a lo largo de su vida, Sabine en sus vínculos inestables y Andrea en sus duelos de pareja.
  • Estilos de Crianza y Bullying en Adolescentes de Colegios privados de Lima Metropolitana

    Reyes – Bossio, Mario; Kilimajer Montori, Tamara (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-04-20)
    La investigación tuvo como objetivo establecer las diferencias que existen en la agresión y victimización en adolescentes entre 12 y 14 años de dos colegios privados de Lima Metropolitana según los estilos de crianza percibidos de los padres. La muestra fue 111 alumnos (54 mujeres; 57 varones). Los instrumentos fueron: Escala adaptada al español de Agresión y Victimización (Orpinas & López, 2010) y Escala de Estilos de Socialización Parental en la Adolescencia (Musitu & García, 2001). En ambas pruebas se confirman las estructuras (dos factores), con cargas superiores a .22 y adecuadas consistencias internas (α> .70). Resultados: los estudiantes que perciben a ambos padres como autoritarios presentan puntajes más altos en agresividad y victimización respecto a los demás estilos de crianza.
  • Satisfacción marital en un grupo de mujeres casadas afroperuanas de Lima Metropolitana

    Rodríguez Borjas, Karla Mercedes; Reyes Paredes, Ana Jazmín (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-03-06)
    La identidad étnica – racial, así como el desarrollo de los vínculos tempranos, son factores influyentes en las dinámicas de las relaciones interpersonales, específicamente en las relaciones de pareja. Al respecto, no existen suficientes investigaciones sobre la satisfacción marital desde un enfoque intercultural. La presente investigación es un estudio cualitativo que tiene como objetivo explorar la experiencia de la satisfacción marital en un grupo de mujeres casadas afroperuanas de Lima Metropolitana. Se utilizó el enfoque hermenéutico y el método biográfico, con siete mujeres casadas afroperuanas entre 28 a 38 años de edad, de nivel socioeconómico medio y con rango de años de matrimonio entre los 4 a 10 años; las cuales fueron escogidas a partir de un muestreo por cadenas o redes. Para ello, se utilizó una guía de entrevista de historia de vida semiestructurada y focalizada. Se encontró que las experiencias desde su identidad étnica – racial impactan en la forma de comprender los componentes que forman parte de la satisfacción marital en las mujeres afroperuanas (dinámicas de comunicación, compromiso y satisfacción sexual – afectiva).
  • Función simbólica mediante cuentos en adolescentes de un centro de rehabilitación juvenil

    Rodríguez Borjas, Karla Mercedes; Zevallos Luna, Diego Alejandro (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-02-28)
    To analyze how the symbolic function is expressed in adolescents held in a rehabilitation center in Lima, from the elaboration of oral tradition stories. The participants were eight adolescents, to whom a semi-structured interview was applied. An oral tradition storytelling workshop was set up so that participants could create their own stories. Thus, the stories, interviews and guides to observe the behavior of the workshop represent sources of information that were triangulated to analyze the symbolic function in these adolescents.
  • Autoestima y motivación en el uso de Facebook en adultos de 18 a 37 años de Lima Metropolitana

    Reyes Bossio, Mario; Mas Grimaldi, Desirée; Velarde Vidaurrázaga, Claudia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-03-09)
    Understand the relationship between self-esteem and Facebook usage motivation in adults from 18 to 37 years of Lima city. The sample consists of 200 participants, 66 men and 134 women aged between 18 to 37 (media = 27.9; DE = 4.044). They replied an online questionnaire about personal aspects of their life, completed the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (1965), and the Fu-Yuan Hong and Su-Lin Chiu Facebook usage motivation Scale (2014), all of them sent online through Typeform. The main finding of the study is that, depending on the participant’s age, the relationship between the level of self-esteem and other variable can change.
  • Percepción de salud, emociones y afrontamiento en alumnos universitarios de primer ciclo de Psicología Tesis

    Gargurevich, Rafael; Wan, Celia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-03-07)
    The main objective of this research was to analyze the relationship between the perception of health, coping styles and emotions in a sample of 107 undergraduates in the career of psychology at a private university in Lima. The sample consisted of 81 women and 22 men, aged between 15 and 23 years. The instruments used were the General Subjective Health Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Coping Questionnaire (COPE-52) and the Positive and Negative Experience Scale (SPANE), as well as the Life Habits questionnaire and the Sociodemographic Record. In a correlational descriptive type design, data analysis were carried out on the mentioned variables. The results showed that the perception of health has a significant relationship with positive emotions and inversely with negative emotions, but has no significant relationship with any of the coping styles. In addition, coping focused on the problem has a significant relationship with coping centered on emotion, with other coping styles, with positive emotions and, inversely, with negative emotions. In turn, it has been observed that coping focused on emotion has a significant relationship with other coping styles, and positive emotions showed a significant relationship with negative emotions.
  • Jerarquía de valores entre estudiantes de secundaria de colegio religioso y colegio laico de Lima

    Grimaldo Muchotrigo, Mirian; García Anchorena, Raiza (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-23)
    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo comparar los tipos de jerarquía de valores entre estudiantes de secundaria de un colegio religioso y de un colegio laico de Lima. La muestra estuvo conformada por 250 alumnos de ambos sexos: mujeres (39.6%) y varones (60.4%) de secundaria, de los cuales el 52% pertenecía al colegio religioso y el 48% restante pertenecía al colegio laico. Las edades correspondientes se encuentran en el rango de 14 a 17 años, con una edad promedio de 15.47 años (DE = 0.63). El instrumento utilizado para la realización de la investigación fue el Cuestionario de Valores de Schwartz (2001). Se realizaron los análisis de validez de constructo y confiabilidad interna de la prueba. Para analizar la comparación entre ambas jerarquías se utilizó el estadístico de correlación de Spearman. Los resultados determinaron que no existen diferencias significativas en los tipos de valores entre los estudiantes pertenecientes a los colegios religioso y laico.
  • Relación entre satisfacción de autonomía y competencia con Burnout en colaboradores de Lima

    Gargurevich, Rafael; Dextre Espinoza, Lisbeth Alicia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-01)
    The objetive supports in establishing a relation between autonomy support and perceived competence with 'burnout', researched within 174 employees from diverse firms throughout the city of Lima. The hypothesis defines the proposition that more autonomy support and perceived competence produce a minor level of 'burnout'. The data consists in proper psychometric properties obtained in terms of reliability and validity, and relevant and negative correlations between autonomy support with depersonalization and emotional exhaustion, and between perceived competence with depersonalization. Plus, it was identified significant and positive correlation between autonomy support with perceived competence and self-actualization.
  • Relación entre la flexibilidad cognitiva, la personalidad proactiva y la satisfacción laboral en colaboradores de empresas por proyectos de Lima Metropolitana

    Reyes Bossio, Mario; Marcovich Astorne, Melissa Stefania (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-11-15)
    This research seeks to explore the relationships between the variables of job satisfaction, proactive personality and the cognitive flexibility of the workers of a company for projects in Metropolitan Lima, with the aim of seeing if there is one if one of them is mediated by the other in pro to find out if a profile model can be raised within an organization. A sample of 250 collaborators working in Lima was used. The results indicate that there are significant correlations between some aspects of the proposed variables; however, none is so strong or solid as to guarantee that they predict one another. It is important to continue the research around it, as it is clear that such personal characteristics as flexibility are not decisive for the management in this type of organizations and population so critical and priority for the economy of the country.
  • Resiliencia y satisfacción con la vida en adultos mayores que asisten a CAM’s en Lima Metropolitana

    Macavilca Milera, Karen Linnette; López Flores, Cinthia Milagros (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-11-24)
    Describe the relationship between resilience and satisfaction with life in older adults who attend centers of the elderly people in Lima Metropolitan. The study was carried out in 151 older adults, men (N = 46) and women (N = 105), with ages ranging from 60 to 91 years old (M = 74.86) who attend 4 Centers for the elderly people. The instruments used to respond to the main objective were the scale of Resilience (CD-RISC) of Serrano, Garrido, Notary, Bartolomé, Solera and Martínez (2012); and the "Satisfaction with life"; scale of Martínez (2004). Among the results it was found a significant positive relationship between the factors of Resilience and the level of Satisfaction with life. This means that, the resilience promotes the perception of satisfaction with the life of the elderly people.
  • Bienestar Psicológico y Budismo: Experiencias y significados en practicantes de Budismo en el Perú

    Flores Galindo Rivera, Carlos Raúl; Elías Roca Rey, Andrea (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-14)
    This research aims to explore the experiences and meanings of psychological wellbeing in practitioners of the young division of Nichiren Daishonin Buddhism in Perú. Participants, ten in total, 5 women and 5 men aged 20 to 32 years, were practitioners of Nichiren Daishonin Buddhism residents in Lima City. Following a qualitative design, the conversational systems proposed by Gonzalez Rey (2006) was used as a tool to gather information. The research corroborates the six factors proposed by Ryff and Keyes (1995) to achieve wellness by all research participants’ experiences and meanings. Therefore, Buddhism is a mean or way by which participants have gone on to achieve psychological well-being or human revolution, a concept that came up in conversations with participants and is perceived as improving the quality of life and personal development of Buddhists. Finally, the importance of the community element for Buddhist practitioners was identified, being considered an essential factor to achieve psychological well-being.
  • Red de soporte social y apoyo comunitario en miembros de organizaciones de desplazados por violencia política

    Manzanares Medina, Eduardo; Schoof Aguirre, Maria Teresa (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-19)
    The present study’s aim was to determine the relationship between the social support network and the community support on members of organizations who have been displaced due to political violence. For that end, 80 people (61.3 % women) with an average age of 45.79 years old (D.E = 11.41) where selected to participate in the research. Most of them from Ayacucho who are now residents from Cañete. There where given the Questionnaire of Social Support Network, as well as the Community Perceived Support questionnaire. The first results revealed that the functions of the variable Social Support Network showed positive and statistically significant relationships with emotional support. Furthermore, they also demonstrate negative relationships and statistically significant to the size of the network. Moreover, integration and community participation component show a positive relationship, statistically significant to the cognitive guide, socialization and satisfaction, as well as a negative relationship and statistically significant to heterogeneity. Implications of the results obtained will be discussed along the present research.
  • Regulación emocional y bienestar psicológico en voluntarios de establecimientos hospitalarios de Lima

    Macavilca Milera, Karen Linnette; TRUJILLO FIGUEROA, FLOR DE MARIA (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-10-06)
    The purpose of this descriptive correlational research was to analyze the relationship between Emotional Regulation and Psychological Wellbeing in volunteers from Lima hospitals, belonging to three different programs that provide these services. A total of 100 volunteers (77% female) between 18 and 63 years old (M = 29, SD = 10.48) were evaluated. They were applied the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire adapted for Peru ERQ-P (Gargurevich & Matos, 2010), and the Ryff Psychological Well-Being Scale (Díaz et al., 2006), respectively. The results found reflected negative and significant relationships between the Emotional Suppression dimension of the variable Emotional Regulation and the Personal Relations dimensions (r = -.55, p <.01), Autonomy / Personal Growth (r = -.55, p <.01), Domain of the Environment (r = -42, p <.01) and Purpose in Life (r = -23, p <.01) of the Psychological Welfare variable. While for the Cognitive Reevaluation dimension of the variable Emotional Regulation only a positive and significant relationship was found with Purpose in Life (r = .17, p <.01). It is concluded that in the sample of volunteers the suppression of emotions is associated with a lower perception of psychological well-being. The implications of the results are discussed.
  • Relación entre solución de problemas, estilo atribucional y afecto en universitarios de Huancayo

    Gargurevich, Rafael; Sarmiento Chia, Fritz Edward (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2018-01-19)
    The main objective of this study is research the relationship of social problem-solving style (rational, impulsivity-carelessness and avoidance), the attributional style (optimistic and pessimistic) and affect (positive and negative) on a sample of 164 medicine undergraduate college students of a public university on Huancayo-Perú. The three instruments were used in peru, the Social Problem-Solving Inventory Revised Short Form (SPSI – R SF, Merino, 2012), the Attribution Style Questionnaire (ASQ CIDE-PERÚ, Vicuña, 2000) and the positive-negative affect scale (SPANAS, Gargurevich & Matos, 2010). The SPSI – R SF have to be modified in less factors than original test (from 4 to 5) because some items didn’t have good factorial loads. The scale of Positive Problem Orientation got merge with the Rational Problem-Solving Style scale and some items were reassigned to other scales. The study found that there is significant positive correlation of impulsivity and avoidance problem solving style and negative affect. It was also found, sorting cases by attributional style shows differences in negative affect, negative problem orientation and impulsivity-carelessness style. Likewise, Positive and rational problem-solving style got a negative significant relationship with negative affect and a positive relationship with positive affect. Additionally, it was found that attributional style moderated the relationship between impulsivity problem solving style and negative affect.
  • Relación entre los Lazos Parentales de la infancia y la Satisfacción de las Necesidades Psicológicas Básicas en un grupo de estudiantes de Psicología de una universidad privada de Lima Metropolitana

    Vásquez Amat y León, Fiorella (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-08)
    The relationship between parental bonds of childhood and satisfaction of basic psychological needs was studied in a sample of 153 psychology students at a university in Lima. To reach the aim of this study were administrated the Basic Psychological Needs in General Questionnaire (Deci & Ryan, 2000 in Chen et al., 2015) and the Parental Bonding Instrument (Parker, Tupling & Brown, 1979 Gómez , Vallejo, Villada , & Zambrano , 2009) were administered. Both showed optimal psychometric properties (construct validity and reliability). Results also showed significant positive correlations between the Maternal Care and satisfaction of three basic and significant positive correlations between the Parental Care and satisfying the need for competition psychological needs. Also were showed significant negative correlations between Maternal Overprotection and satisfying the autonomy and relationship needs and significant negative correlations between the Parental Overprotection and the three basic psychological needs. These results suggest that the hypothesis is partially accepted.
  • Diferencia entre la satisfacción laboral y el compromiso organizacional en trabajadores limeños de empresas privadas dependiendo el tipo de contrato

    Reyes Bossio, Mario; Rivasplata Rodriguez, Claudia Irene (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-07)
    The present research compares job satisfaction and organizational commitment depending on the contractual modality of the sample; which is composed of ninety-six (96) workers living in the city of Lima. The male sex represents forty-eight (48) percent of the sample, while the female represents fifty-two (52) percent. Fifty (50) percent has a fixed term work contract and the other (50) percent has an indefinite work contract. The questionnaires used in this reseach are: The job satisfaction questionnaire S21 / 26 by Meliá (1990) and the organizational commitment scale by Meyer and Allen (1997). The result of this reseach find no differences in the scale of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in empleyees with fixed term contract and indefinite work contract, motivating companies to continue with a more flexible type of contract. Key words: job satisfaction, organizational commitment, work contract.
  • Efecto de un programa de mindfulness en la reducción de la ansiedad precompetitiva en deportistas de artes marciales

    Reyes Bossio, Mario; Trujillo Torrealva, Carlos Daniel (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-12-07)
    The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of an intervention program with mindfulness component for the reduction of precompetitive anxiety, which was adapted from programs that have demonstrated its effectiveness. The intervention consisted of 12 sessions of 1 hour duration. Participated in the study 33 martial sportsmen (M = 18.97 years, SD = 1.64, 69.7% men). Pre-competitive anxiety was evaluated with the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory -2 (CSAI-2R, Cox, Martens and Rusell, 2003), before and after the intervention period. According to the degree of participation in the intervention, the sample was divided into 2 groups: Control Group (CG, n = 16) and Experimental Group (SG, n = 17). The results showed significant differences and with large effect sizes in the posttest measurement of the EG, revealing a decrease in the levels of somatic, cognitive anxiety and an increase in the levels of self-confidence. While, in the CG, no significant differences were obtained and the effect sizes were irrelevant.
  • Estudio psicométrico de la Escala de actitudes hacia el amor en universitarios de Lima

    Manzanares Medina, Eduardo; Lascurain, Paula; Lavandera Liria, María Claudia (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-06-06)
    The aim of this article was to analyze the construct validity and reliability of the Love Attitude Scale (LAS, Hendrick & Hendrick, 1986). The sample consisted of 381 undergraduate students (61.7 % of them women) between the ages of 17 and 25 years old. We applied the LAS and the I- PANAS - SF (adapted by Gargurevich, 2010) that evaluates positive and negative affect. The exploratory factor analysis resulted in six factors (Eros, Ludus, Storge, Pragma, Mania and Ágape), that explained 47.87 % of the total variance. The correlations between the score of Eros and Pragma styles and positive affect were positive and significant; while Manía and Ludus styles had positive and significant relationships with negative affect. Reliability by the method of internal consistency of the six factors found were from .62 to .85; while the stability coefficients for test- retest method were .44 to .77. These results allow us to conclude that the LAS and their scores are valid and reliable to measure attitudes toward love in the college population of Lima.
  • Control psicológico y soledad en adolescentes entre 12 y 17 años de Lima

    Gargurevich, Rafael; Manzanares Medina, Eduardo; Bacilio Bernardo, karla; Ledesma Goicochea, Ana Lucía (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), 2017-09-15)
    It was studied the relationship between psychological control and loneliness in adolescents from 12 to 17 years from two private schools in Lima. Likewise, the Psychological Control Scale Dependency oriented and Achievement oriented (DAPCS) and the Children and Adolescence Loneliness Scale (LACA) were administered to a sample of 242 participants. It was found that the dimensions of loneliness in relation to the pairs and loneliness in relation to the parents presented highly significant correlations with the variable of psychological control. In the first dimension of loneliness the correlations were positive and, in the second, negative. On the other hand, the dimension of affinity to loneliness was related in a positive and significant way only with the psychological control in relation to the father; While the dimension of aversion to loneliness was only positively and significantly related to psychological control in relation to the mother.

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