• Significados sobre el suicidio en un grupo de psicoterapeutas psicoanalíticos

      Unzueta Callirgos, Ximena (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2017-08)
      Objective. To explore the constructed meanings of suicide in a group of psychoanalytic psychotherapists from a formation center in Lima. Method. A phenomenological design from the qualitative model consisting of two stages was used. For the fi rst stage 54 psychoanalytic psychotherapists participated, and for the second stage, 8 participants from the fi rst stage who were involved with patients with suicide ideations and/or attempts were selected. The collecting techniques used were: a data sheet and natural semantic networks for the fi rst stage, and for the second, a detailed interview. Results. The psychotherapists evoke diverse meanings around the suicidal phenomenon, which can be organized into three axis; the patients, the therapist and their countertransference, and the treatment. Conclusion. The meanings are constructed with a foundation of individual experiences, so that countertransference is a psychoanalytical concept that allows for the comprehension of the dynamic between suicidal patients and their therapists, and how it infl uences the creation of mutual meanings. Likewise, the psychotherapists employ the meanings as a manner of giving signifi cance to and comprehending suicide. Keywords. Suicide, psychotherapy, countertransference.
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    • Trauma resiliencia: niños con esperiencia de vida en la calle

      Alcalde, Áurea; Alcalde, María Julia; Palacios Banchero, Alejandra (Academia Peruana de Psicología, 2011-11)
      A sample of 20 male children between 12 and 13 years old, with irregular basic education, recently checked in an orphans house in Lima, -after a long time in street situation- was evaluated by the Rorschach Test with the Comprehensive System method. The assessment was directed to detect the intrapsychic characteristics, whose traumatic life experience inside their homes, leaded them to the streets. The variables selected through comprehensive system brought relevant information about the capacities associated to the construccion of the resilience in this sector of child population in risk situation, oriented to encourage behaviours and resilient attitudes towards a healthy development. The factors studied were: skills and resources, the predominant life experience style, autoperception, confidence and security; perception and experience of stimulus demands and external pressures, social skills and type of coping to adverse and conflicted situations. An attempt of articulation has been made between the obtained results through the Comprehensive System and the detection areas, intervention and Resilience promotion, according to two world known work systems, The Pillars of Resilience, actualized by Néstor Suárez Ojeda and the Sources of Resilience by Edith Grotberg: I HAVE, I AM, I CAN.
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    • Tutoría como herramienta académica del desarrollo de competencias transversales

      Pàmies García, María Antònia; Galindo Rivera, Carlos Flores (Centro de Altos Estudios Universitarios de la Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos (CAEU/OEI), 2015-05-20)
      El trabajo que presentamos en este documento tiene su origen en el modelo de tutorías de IBEROTEC. Este devino en una propuesta educativa para el trabajo de competencias transversales, dejando a la tutoría como una herramienta para el desarrollo de competencias. Esta última es una herramienta muy importante pero secundaria frente a los objetivos de formación. En este sentido nos vimos en la necesidad de generar 4 principios que orientan la gestión académica, administrativa y la acción de los tutores y profesores. Así, lo que se propone en este documento es un modelo de gestión académica orientado desde las 4 ideas siguientes: El alumno es autónomo y la principal tarea de Iberotec es contribuir a ello; los profesores y tutores son “provocadores de aprendizaje”; el trabajo es formativo; la institución es facilitadora. Estos principios son, más que una declaración de intención, una serie de criterios para la toma de decisiones cotidianas, el diseño de unidades didácticas y del plan de acción tutorial.
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    • Validez y confiabilidad de escala de afecto positivo y negativo (SPANAS) en estudiantes universitarios peruanos

      Gargurevich, Rafael; Matos, Lennia; rafael.gargurevich@gmail.com (Universidad César Vallejo (UCV), 2014-08-13)
      It was studied the construct validity and the reliability of the SPANAS scale in two samples of university students from Lima. Through many confirmatory factorial analyses (AFC) it was evaluated the adjustment of three competing models (one factor, two correlated factors and two orthogonal factors). This procedure was replicated in the two samples of universitary students. After the validity and reliability analysis were done, it was found that the two correlated factors model was better to represent the scale in both samples. Furthermore, the Positive and Negative Affect Scale proved to be reliable. In this way we have evidence of the presence of two factors which represent the positive and negative affection.
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