Recent Submissions

  • Mechanical and durability properties of recycled aggregate concrete with ternary binder system and optimized mix proportion

    Babalola, O. E.; Awoyera, P. O.; Tran, M. T.; Le, D. H.; Olalusi, O. B.; Viloria, A.; Ovallos-Gazabon, D. (Elsevier Editora Ltda, 2020-01-01)
    This study aimed to investigate the mechanical and durability properties of recycled aggre-gate concrete with a ternary binder system and optimized mix proportion. Two concretebatches were developed using a densified mix design approach (DMDA) to evaluate therequired mix proportions. Batch I have GGBS content varied at 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and50% at constant w/b ratio of 0.45, while batch II concrete mix have varied water/binder ratios:0.3, 0.35, 0.4, 0.45 and 0.5 at constant GGBS replacement level of 30%. The fine aggregate(river sand) of the two batches was blended with fly ash at optimum loose packing density(FA + Sand) and superplasticizer (SP) was incorporated in the mix at a constant level of 1.4%.A control mix comprising of natural aggregate was also developed. The results obtainedshowcased the feasibility of producing structural concrete with recycled aggregates usingGGBS and fly ash. The mechanical and durability properties were best at 30% GGBS contentand 0.35 water/binder ratio. The DMDA for mix proportion adopted for RAC contributed sig-nificantly to improving its properties when compared to NAC, especially at the optimumobserved RAC mix with compressive strength of 52 MPa. Also, the mix demonstrated goodpermeability resistance in terms of chloride-ion ingress and capillary water absorption.
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  • Analysis of seismic bidirectionality on response of reinforced concrete structures with irregularities of l-shaped plan and soft story

    Sobrado, V. H.; Yaranga, R.; Orihuela, J. D. (IOP Publishing Ltd, 2020-09-22)
    The seismic design of buildings is usually performed using one-way analysis for each of main axes independently. However, seismic events have fairly random behaviour and impose bidirectional solicitations on structures. In this work, the study of the response in structures subjects to earthquake loads with irregularity of l-shaped plan and soft story is carried out. For this, the linear time-story analysis (LTHA) of these has been carried out imposing seismic solicitations in two orthogonal directions. Thus, the structural response with incidence angle variations of 10 is obtained and compared with the response derived from the unidirectional analysis. Variations of up to 50% and 72% are obtained for model structures with l-shaped plan and soft story respectively.
    Acceso abierto
  • Correction coefficients of distortion and vibration period for buildings due to soil-structure interaction

    Ticona, A. M.; Rosales, M. A.; Orihuela, J. D. (OP Publishing Ltd, 2020-09-22)
    The present research analyzed the influence of the soil structure interaction (SSI) in buildings, varying geotechnical parameters and height, considering 3 international codes. The responses obtained from the structures taking into account the SSI, were compared with the responses of fixed-base buildings, being the main control variables: the period and the drift. It was determined that the estimated range in which the period of the structure increases is from 30 to 98%, demonstrating the influence of considering soil flexibility. Due to the variability of the responses obtained, an adjustment factor is proposed to predict said amplification of the control variables, depending on the height of the building and the ground.
    Acceso abierto
  • Optimization of passengers boarding in the BRT system based on the security protocols established by the Covid-19 pandemic

    Vasquez Bustamante, Jose Luis; Marcelo Ochoa Chavez, Raphael; Silvera, Manuel; Castro, Fernando (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    According to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), the city of Lima has more than 9,485,405 inhabitants. This causes problems of pedestrian crowding in public places. The Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system called Metropolitano transports 650,000 passengers a day, of which 81,800 of them use the boarding platform of the Naranjal station located in one of the most populated districts of Lima. In this station are concentrated 12.6% users of the entire transportation system. This research proposes a pedestrian microsimulation model with the objective of optimizing the pedestrian area of one of the most demanded platforms in Lima, considering the security protocols established by the Covid-19 Pandemic. To obtain results, the parameters of pedestrian density, bus frequency and queuing time were considered. The effectiveness of the proposed design is validated using a model made with the software Vissim. The results showed that the maximum number of pedestrians that can occupy the Naranjal station following the Covid-19 security protocols are 4166 persons, considering a 180 second bus frequency on lines with the highest demand and a maximum queuing time of 764.51 seconds.
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  • Analysis of conflict points between pedestrians at BRT stations to prevent the spread of respiratory diseases

    Escalante, Katherine Atapauccar; Hugo Ramirez Ruiz, Bryan; Silvera, Manuel; Campos, Fernando (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a bus-based public transport system that increase the effectiveness of public transportation through dedicated lanes with busways and independent stations. However, the low capacity at the stations and the high demand of the system increases the respiratory diseases risk caused by the interaction between pedestrians. This article proposes to make the main access point an entrance only and the access point at the opposite end of the platform an exit only, allowing one-way walking paths. This research is focused on the reduction of conflict points between pedestrians generated by walking flows in opposite directions. A BRT station located in the city of Lima was used as a case study for the investigation. It was identified for the peak hour that the area with the highest pedestrian interaction occurs in the station platform and boarding areas. The efficiency of the proposal is validated by using the Viswalk software. The results obtained show that the conflict points decreased by 68.5% and the pedestrian density by 45%. From that perspective, the pedestrian flows were optimized, and the risk of respiratory diseases was reduced.
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  • Correlation of dynamic probing light (DPL) and standard penetration test (SPT) for sandy soil of alluvial origin

    Perez, Waldo Flores; Cerdena, Jorge Chavez; Ramirez, Gary Duran; Montoya, Maggie Martinelli (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    In geotechnical studies, the dynamic probing light (DPL) turns out to be an alternative method to the Standard Penetration test (SPT) for the determination of soil parameters. The requirement of various regulations for correlating both tests in the same field and not establishing a methodology to carry it out, limits the practical scope of dynamic probing light. Thus, this research presents a correlation methodology between the dynamic probing light (DPL) and the Standard Penetration test (SPT) specifically for sandy soils (SP and SP-SM) located in an area of Chilca, located in Cañete. - Lima Peru. For the analysis, more than 400 data pairs were used, obtaining two linear correlations between the count blow of Standard Penetration-NSPT test and the dynamic probing light method-N10, which presented an adjustment correlation between 84% and 87 %.
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  • Optimization of the control process in residential buildings using technological tools

    Prat, Joaquin; Romero, Alvaro; Rodriguez, Sandra; Farje, Julio (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    Many construction companies worldwide continue to implement different methodologies to optimize time and improve management in the execution of works; however, a lack of control in projects continues to be observed. For this reason, one of the most common problems currently is the incompletion of scheduled work. Due to this, it is necessary to keep better control of the projects at the execution stage so that the contractor can optimally, quickly, and easily manage the progress of all the specialties involved. In this sense, this research develops the use of the Plan Grid Application for data collection in the field and the Power Bi software for the automatic processing and information visualization through a management dashboard where indicators are shown to reflect the progress and actual performance of the activities as well as the main non-compliance causes, which leads to optimize the control process and the time spent by its administrators to carry out this management.
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  • Structural contribution of the fine particles present in the mastic of aggregates used to make recycled bases with foamed asphalt and asphalt emulsion

    Cardozo, Luis; Mendoza, Miguel; Silvera, Manuel; Lazo, Guillermo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    The use of foamed asphalt as a technique that incorporates recycled bases stabilized with RAP is known, because it achieves important structural contributions. However, the component of aggregates, belonging to the fine fraction (through the # 200 mesh) takes special importance. This article seeks to develop a comparative analysis between the stabilizations of recycled foamed asphalt bases and asphalt emulsion. The importance of this study lies in analyzing the structural contribution of the fines fraction when comparing both stabilizations. For the present investigation, 48 pits were examined, where the combined granulometry of the RAP plus the granular base was evaluated. Here it was possible to identify a minimal presence of fines even within the recommended spindle for foamed asphalt mixtures, evidencing a deficit in indirect traction strength (ITS). The results obtained show, that a dry stability of 484.7 kg is achieved, and a conserved strength of 45% in the foamed asphalt. While in the asphalt emulsion a dry stability of 1862.1 kg and a conserved resistance of 70% is achieved. This demonstrates the impact on the structural behavior that have the fines fraction in stabilizations with foamed asphalt.
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  • Optimization of construction projects budget minimizing risks using the Monte Carlo method

    Garcia, Sergio; Pisfil, Jose Michael; Rodriguez, Sandra; Luna, Roger (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    Currently, it is common for the risks in construction projects to generate significant budgetary deviations due to their null or insufficient identification and quantification. In relation to this point, and with the focus on improving the competitiveness of construction companies when developing and complying with their budgets, it is essential to have an accurate methodology for estimating the contingency associated with risks from an early stage. This allows the contingency amount not to be exceeded, resulting in better reliability and adjustment of the budget assigned for the project, and therefore guaranteeing the expected profitability. This objective can be achieved using applications such as the Monte Carlo method, since through the probabilistic simulations that can be developed through it, it is possible to precisely establish the value of the contingency associated with project risks in study. It is recommended to carry out these evaluations and analyzes before the project starts. In this sense, this research focuses on establishing a sequential methodology that serves as an application tool for any type of construction project, ensuring the optimization of the budget by minimizing the risks associated with the project.
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  • Reduction of non-contributory work of personnel using UAV methodology (Phantom 4 Pro RTK) and conventional Topography with Total Station (Leica TS 06), in road projects

    Castaneda, Brandown Leon; Cordova, Edwin Huanachin; Diaz, Victor Torres; Reyes Nique, Jose (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    At present, topographic surveys in road projects are very important, since it allows us to know the conditions and variable characteristics of the area to be executed. Commonly these surveys are carried out using a total station, high precision equipment, which in turn generates a lot of demand for time in the field and a greater number of personnel for a wide study area. For this reason, another alternative for obtaining terrain data is the use of the photogrammetric technique with UAV, since the objective is to increase productivity in the topographic survey. In this article, the productive development generated in the crews was analyzed using the total station survey methodology and the UAV photogrammetric technique using balance charts with the aim of obtaining the productive, contributory and non-contributory works, since the latter two they do not add value to the development of the project. This research was carried out in a rural area with a study area of 3 Ha and its classification by orography is of type 2 soil (undulated terrain), located in the Cuculí town center, Chongoyape district, Chiclayo province in the department of Lambayeque, Peru. In order to demonstrate that the UAV survey reduces non-contributory work by 47.2%, among the most outstanding activities obtained in this research are the leisure time that the staff presents in different situations of the project development, care of topographic equipment and another of the most outstanding was the use of cell phones in the field, which do not provide efficiency in the development of data collection and therefore would increase in time and cost of linear works, sanitation and projects in open places in the stage of design engineering.
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  • Experimental evaluation of matrix suction and shear resistance of partially saturated sandy clay

    Melo, Paola Mejia; Linares Ramos, Alexander; Ramirez, Gary Duran; Guillen, Jose Luis Cardenas (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    At present, the construction of highways in Andean areas the connect the various most important towns and cities in South America has become has become a key element for its development, since these routes and viaducts allow free access to cover basic needs of education, work, food and health of the population. Much of the land in these areas is clay soils whose behavior is quite unpredictable because they present abrupt volume changes according to the variation of saturation in the soil. People who travel on roads on slopes of this type of soil are at high risk due to the slippage that the slopes suffer each year. The most recent was on April 3, 2020 because of the heavy rainfall that was registered in the area; there was a landslide that affected communication channels in the department of Cajamarca in Peru [1]. In this type of slopes landslides occur when the clayey soil is specifically saturated, because under these conditions the soil is not stable and loses cohesion between its particles, therefore it is important to make slope stability studies taking into account the partially saturated soil. This article presents results of tests allow to recognize the physical characteristics of the clay soil in the province of Chepén in Cajamarca. In addition, the filter paper method is used to elaborate the soil-water characteristic curve and a series of direct shear tests are carried cut at different degrees of saturation. With these results, the partially saturate soil fault surface is constructed that allows visualizing the value of the shear stress of the soil according to the saturation to which it is subjected. This value will be important for calculating the safety factor that the slope floor must have of the resistance shear of the soil according to the saturation, this value will be important for the calculation of the safety factor that the floor of the slope must have so that it does not fall. Therefore, considering this condition of the partially saturated soil in the slope stability analysis provides values of the safety factor that are closer to reality, without the need to carry out the analysis in the most critical condition, such as what it done in classical soil mechanics.
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  • Admissible height and urban density of buildings for the Prospective Management of Seismic Risk in residential areas

    Herrera, Fabiola; Mamani, Flaby; Arana, Victor (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    This research proposes limit values of height and population density of buildings for a Prospective Management of Seismic Risk in residential areas. The analysis of an efficient evacuation of buildings to the street or refuge area was carried out, evaluating human behavior with models based on the agent, the influence of buildings and the urban parameters of the city with three-dimensional models (BIM) for a severe seismic scenario. The present article establishes that the maximum permissible height of buildings projected in a residential avenue is directly related to the width of the available refuge zone to guarantee the correct evacuation of said zone during a severe seismic event. In addition, an evaluation of a real existing scenario is made in a section of a residential avenue.
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  • Optimization of the design process in construction projects by the implementation of the A360 collaboration tool

    Arevalo, Jennifer; Palacios, Mauricio; Rodriguez, Sandra; Farje, Julio (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    Each year there are more construction companies seeking for implementation of the Building Information Modeling (BIM) methodology in their projects since it provides different benefits related to project time, cost and quality. Besides, different countries currently demands its application. However, companies do not always achieve these benefits at its totality because BIM implementation must overcomes a series of difficulties related to interoperability and personnel, difficulties which are generated by a lack of collaboration and communication between the project stakeholders. The present investigation finds a new solution to this problem, reducing the waste generated at the design stage of the BIM projects by implementing the A360 collaboration tool, a platform which provides a virtual centralized space that allows storing BIM files, visualizing them and making comments in real time from any device. The results show a reduction of waste that finally reduce the time for the design stage in a BIM project
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  • Comparative Analysis of the Total Scour in the Pillars and Abutments of a Bridge, between a 1D and 2D Model

    Perez, Dario Rodriguez; Yataco Manrique, Geraldine; Hurtado, Sissi Santos (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    In this article, a comparative analysis is performed between one-dimensional (HEC-RAS) and two-dimensional (IBER) models, in the evaluation of total scour in the pillars and abutments of a bridge. The case study is the Huallaga bridge, located in the San Martín region, Peru.Based on the geomorphological, hydrological and hydraulic data of the study area and after carrying out an analysis of the different equations for local, general scour; Numerical modeling was performed on the HEC-RAS and IBER software in order to calculate the depths of the scour.The following results were obtained: That in the local scour calculations, the scour depths were less with the 2D software, compared to the values obtained in the 1D software; while in general scour calculations, we obtain greater depths when modeling with 2D software, compared to the values obtained in 1D software
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  • Decreased scour on an external river bend using two-dimensional numerical model, in la Perla-Florida and Cantagallo sectors of Rímac river

    Ravines, Mauricio Bazan; Vargas, Jorge Coronado; De Bazan, Sissi Santos Hurtado (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    This paper, evaluates a proposal for an external bend fluvial erosion control, using submerged vanes as velocity and shear stress control, verifying its effectiveness by modeling in Iber to calculate the scour produced by discharges with different return periods. The results indicate that the velocity, shear stress and scour decrease along the curve, due to submerged vanes.
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  • Improved First Order Formulation for Buckling Analysis of Functionally Graded Beams

    Vallejos, Augusto; Ayala, Shammely; Arciniega, Roman (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    In this research, an improved first order formulation is presented to study the critical buckling load in functionally graded beams. The formulation has five independent variables in comparison with the Timoshenko theory that has three. The Trefftz criterion is utilized with incremental and fundamental states to define the stability analysis. Virtual work statements are derived for the finite element model where the field variables are interpolated by Lagrange polynomials. The numerical results are compared and verified with other formulations found in literature. Parametric studies are also carried out for buckling behavior due to different slenderness ratios, power-law indices and boundary conditions. Applications of the model to functionally graded materials show the validity of the present approach.
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  • A comparative study of the seismic base shear force and story drift ratios using Time History and Modal Spectrum Analysis according to Peru Code E.030 and ASCE 7.16 on high-rise buildings

    Quezada Ramos, Eder Nel; Serrano Arone, Yaneth; Huaco, Guillermo (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    Since the last decade there is an important increase of high-rise buildings in Peru, especially in urban areas. Therefore, it is necessary to assess if the Peruvian Seismic Code is applicable for this type of buildings which have long natural periods as their main characteristic. The main objective of this article is to compare the results of the base shear and story drift ratios of Peruvian seismic design code E.030 with those of the ASCE 7-16 standard to the case of high-rise buildings, this due to the fact that there is limited information for tall buildings in Peru or comparison between national or international code for this type of structures. These high rise buildings have square and rectangular plan floors. Half of them have moment frames and reinforce concrete slab around the rigid core and the others have post-tensioned slab as their vertical load resisting system and central core walls with peripheral columns as the lateral force resisting system. Hence, the response spectrum analysis (RSA) is carried out for every case of the four tall buildings with different configurations using both seismic codes. Then results are compared with the linear response history analysis (LRHA) considering five Peruvian ground motions records, which were scaled to 0.45g PGA. It was verified that generally both the base shear and the interstory drifts calculated using ASCE7-16 are less than that obtained with the seismic code E.030.
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  • Hazard map based on the simulation of sludge flow in a two-dimensional model, Case Quebrada Malanche-Punta Hermosa -Lima-Perú

    Garcia, Luis Jimenez; Iruri Guzman, Osnar; Hurtado, Sissi Santos (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    This research presents the numerical simulation to reproduce the transport and deposition processes of the sludge flow on March 15, 2017, strongly impacting the town of Pampapacta in Punta Hermosa-Peru.The debris flow initiation process in the basin was represented by hydrographs obtained from the estimated volumes of stormwater runoff and solid materials. The sludge flow was modeled in Flo2D to calculate hazard maps with the discharge event and others with different return periods.The numerical simulation results show acceptable results in relation to what happened. The model used to assess the hazard due to debris flow can predict and delineate, with acceptable precision, potentially hazardous areas for a landslide. The application of the proposed methodology to assess the hazard of disasters due to debris flows in basins and streams is useful to understand the extent of the impact of the mud flow during extreme weather events, as well as to develop emergency plans and formulate disaster policies.
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  • Improvement of the shear strength parameters of an expansive soil using recycled glass powder and polypropylene fibers

    MacHuca, Joao Rodriguez; Pusari Quispe, Oscar; Ramirez, Gary Duran; Fernandez Diaz, Carlos (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    n this article, the geotechnical behavior of the reinforced soil is studied through additions of polypropylene fiber and recycled glass powder, this in order to obtain a homogeneously reinforced soil matrix to reduce possible structural failures, differential settlements and increase capacity bearing. The sample used was classified as a clay soil with low plasticity (CL) and with moderately expansive characteristics, based on the values of the Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit and Plasticity Index. The effect of the 1% polypropylene fiber and different amounts of recycled glass powder (0%, 4%, 5%, 6.5%), with respect to dry weight is analyzed in this soil. The purpose of varying the quantity of these materials is to find a trend of the strength parameters and obtain the optimal percentages that provides improvements in geotechnical behavior. Modified Proctor and Direct Shear tests were carried out, this latter to obtain the shear strength parameters of the mixtures and compare them with the clay soil. Finally, the optimal result for soil improvement was the mixture made by 1% polypropylene fiber and 4% glass powder, which achieved an increase of the angle of friction and cohesion.
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  • Pavement management system to improve local road administration using PCI, IRI and PSI for pavement failures identification

    Quispe Sagastegui, Jose Andy; Rioja Schilder, Luisiana; Silvera, Manuel; Reyes, Jose (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-09-30)
    A pavement management system (PMS) is a tool that supports decision-making specialists to maintain the pavement at an optimal service level. The absence of a PMS could lead to inadequate decision-making, a disorganized road inventory, poor selection in road maintenance techniques and inefficient technical support to justify the execution of maintenance activities. For these reasons, this research proposes the application of a PMS, with the objective of improving and standardizing the processes for evaluating the condition of roads that are under the jurisdiction of low-budget government organizations, guaranteeing the selection of the most appropriate type of maintenance. As a case of study, a 1.1 km local road located in one of the districts of Lima was evaluated, which was divided into 11 sections. With this evaluation, it was obtained that 2,605.43 m2 of the total road is in poor condition, due to the presence of functional failures. For the identification of failures, the pavement condition index (PCI), the international roughness index (IRI) and the present serviceability index (PSI) were used to determine the condition, roughness and serviceability of the pavement. In conclusion, it was identified that the proposed PMS is adequately adapted to the way of working and available budget of a local administration, since if it is applied it would only spend 20.55% of the fund that would be destined to a total reconstruction of road.
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