• Prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout en médicos y enfermeras del Perú, ENSUSALUD 2014

      Maticorena Quevedo, Jesús; Beas, Renato; Anduaga Beramend, Alexander; Mayta-Tristan, Percy; jesus.maticorena@gmail.com (Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS), 2016-03)
      Objectives. To determine the difference in the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) using different cut-off points for each scales in physicians and nurses of Peru in 2014. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional, descriptive study of secondary data based from the National Health-User Satisfaction Survey 2014 (in Spanish: Encuesta Nacional de Satisfacción de Usuarios en Salud - 2014, ENSUSALUD 2014). The BS was identified through the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) using different cut-off points to establish its prevalence: default values, tertiles and quartiles. Results. Of the 5067 health professionals, 62.3% were women, 44.0% were physicians, 46.0% belonged to the Ministry of Health (MINSA), and 23.1% worked in Lima. An overall prevalence of SB 2.8% (CI95%: 2,19-3,45) was obtained using default values; 7.9% (CI95%: 6,93-8,95) according to quartiles; and 12.5% (CI95%:11,29- 13,77) using tertiles. Prevalence found was higher in physicians than nurses regardless of the cut-off points used (3.7% vs 2.1% in default values; 10.2% vs 6.1% using quartiles, and 16.2% vs 9.5% by tertiles).Conclusions. Prevalence of BS in health workers was different in the same population according to different cut-off points. We recommended using default values established by the author of the instrument until it is obtained specific cut-off points for our country.
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