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  • LA CIUDAD DESDE LA CASA: Ciudades espontáneas en Lima

    Sáez Giraldez, Elia; García Calderon, José; Roch Peña, Fernando; fernando.roch@upm.es (Instituto de la Vivienda de la Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo de la Universidad de Chile, 2014-10-16)
    In Lima, informal settlements emerge from the construction of straw houses in the desert under poverty and precarious conditions. However, after seven decades of existence, they have transformed into relatively integrated neighborhoods in the city, with considerable level of development. This article describes how an urban fabric emerges within inverted planning processes, from large to small scales, from the city to the house (urbanization-division-consruction), being this inversion the engine of its development. Straw houses, the only material that enables communities to settle in the territory, apart from offering shelter, have become a strategy for city making. Housing is either a workshop or a store, a contribution to the urban fabric; it also changes its functions according to the needs of dwellers; housing expands as the neighborhood densifi es, transforming its typology (from house to group home) or nature (rural to urban) when the settlement changes from village to neighborhood. The house expands as the city grows; both elements transform each other, giving dynamism to urban fabric, as well as ability to evolve.
  • Casa en Sierra Morena Huarochirí, Perú

    Doblado, Juan Carlos (Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales de la Universidad de Talca. Chile., 2014-03-24)
    The horizontality in the form of this house seeks to accentuate its relationship with the Andean landscape. The house is organized in two parallel, semi-transparent, horizontal volumes that are pinned to the slope. On the interior, the house is characterized by integrating its spaces with sliding screens. In the first body the common spaces, kitchen and bedrooms are found, while the second volume contains a family room and guestrooms.
  • La ciudad desde la casa: ciudades espontáneas en Lima.

    Sáez Giraldez, Elia; García Calderón, José; Roch Peña, Fernando (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo. Instituto de la Vivienda, 2014-03-24)
    In Lima, informal settlements emerge from the construction of straw houses in the desert under poverty and precarious conditions. However, after seven decades of existence, they have transformed into relatively integrated neighborhoods in the city, with considerable level of development. This article describes how an urban fabric emerges within inverted planning processes, from large to small scales, from the city to the house (urbanization-division-consruction), being this inversion the engine of its development. Straw houses, the only material that enables communities to settle in the territory, apart from offering shelter, have become a strategy for city making. Housing is either a workshop or a store, a contribution to the urban fabric; it also changes its functions according to the needs of dwellers; housing expands as the neighborhood densifies, transforming its typology (from house to group home) or nature (rural to urban) when the settlement changes from village to neighborhood. The house expands as the city grows; both elements transform each other, giving dynamism to urban fabric, as well as ability to evolve.