Sánchez-Carbonel, José; Tantaléan-Yépez, Derek; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; Weilg, Pablo; Vásquez-Achaya, Fernando; Costa, Luis; Martins-Luna, Johanna; Sandoval, Isabel; del Valle-Mendoza, Juana(BioMed Central Ltd., 2018-03-14)
Objective: To assess the presence of Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika in serum samples of patients with acute febrile illness in Piura, Peru and describe the most common clinical features. Results: Dengue was the most common arbovirus detected in 170/496 (34.3%), followed by Zika in 39/496 (7.9%) and Chikungunya in 23/496 (4.6%). Among the 170 samples positive for Dengue, serotype 2 was the most predominant type present in 97/170 (57.1%) of samples, followed by the serotype 3 in 9/170 (5.3%). Headaches, muscle pain, and joint pain were the most common symptoms associated with fever in patients with Dengue and Zika. No symptoms predominance was observed in patients with Chikungunya.Dengue is considered the most frequent arbovirus in Peru and the number of cases has increased dramatically in the last 5 years. However, it is not the only arbovirus that circulates along the northern coast of Peru. It has also been determined the presence of Zika and Chikungunya in our population, which may suggest the circulation of other arboviruses that have not been detected.
del Valle-Mendoza, Juana; Rojas-Jaimes, Jesús; Vásquez-Achaya, Fernando; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel; Correa-Nuñez, Germán; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; Lescano, Andrés G.; Song, Xiuping; Liu, Qiyong; Li, Dongmei(BioMed Central Ltd., 2018-06)
Objective: To study the presence of Bartonella bacilliformis in ticks collected from two wild mammals in Madre de Dios, Peru. Results: A total of 110 ticks were collected. Among the 43 Amblyomma spp. extracted from the 3 Tapirus terrestris only 3 were positive for B. bacilliformis. In addition, 12 out of the 67 Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus obtained from the 3 Pecari tajacu were positive for B. bacilliformis. For the first time B. bacilliformis have been detected in arthropods other than Lutzomyia spp. Further studies are required to elucidate the possible role of ticks in the spread of South American Bartonellosis.
del Valle-Mendoza, Juana; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel; del Valle-Vargas, Cristina; Cieza-Mora, Erico; Martins-Luna, Johanna; Aquino-Ortega, Ronald; Silva-Vásquez, Andrea; Bazán-Mayra, Jorge; Weilg, Pablo(BioMed Central Ltd., 2018-05)
Objective: Describe the prevalence of Bordetella pertussis via PCR in children under 5 years old hospitalized as probable cases of pertussis and report the most common clinical features among them. Results: A positive PCR result for B. pertussis was observed in 20.5% of our samples (18/88), one-third of them were from infants between 2 and 3 months old. The most common symptoms were paroxysms of coughing (88.9%), difficulty breathing (72.2%), cyanosis (77.8%) and fever (50%). The mother was the most common symptomatic carrier (27.8%), followed by uncles/aunts (22.2%) among children with pertussis.
Weilg, Claudia; Troyes, Lucinda; Villegas, Zoila; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; Mazulis, Fernando; Febres, Ammy; Troyes, Mario; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel; del Valle-Mendoza, Juana(BioMed Central Ltd., 2018-05-18)
Objective: To report an outbreak of ZIKV infection among asymptomatic pregnant women during 2016 in the city of Jaen, Cajamarca. Results: Zika virus RNA was detected in 3.2% (n = 36) of cases by RT-PCR. The mean age of patients positive for ZIKV infection was 29.6 years. 7 patients (19.4%) infected with ZIKV were in their first-trimester of gestation, 13 (36.1%) were in their second-trimester, and 16 (44%) were in their third-trimester. All of the infected pregnant women were asymptomatic. ZIKV infection remains a major public health issue that calls for constant epidemiological surveillance. It can cause the congenital Zika virus syndrome in the newborns of infected mothers. The lack of molecular diagnostic methods in isolated localities and the similarity of symptoms to other arboviral infections, lead to an under-diagnosis of this disease in endemic areas.
Ponce-Benavente, Luis; Rejas-Pinelo, Patricia; Palomares-Reyes, Carlos; Becerra-Goicochea, Lorena; Pinillos-Vilca, Luis; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; Costa, Luis E.; Weilg, Pablo; Alvitrez-Arana, Juan; Bazán-Mayra, Jorge; del Valle-Mendoza, Juana; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel(BioMed Central Ltd., 2018-07)
Objective: Describe the prevalence of HPV genotypes via PCR and DNA sequencing in 397 women who attended to the gynecological outpatient center in the Hospital Regional Docente de Cajamarca from March to September 2017. Results: A positive PCR result for HPV was observed in 121 cervical samples. A high-risk genotype was found in 63.6% (77/121) of patients, a probably oncogenic type in 23.1% (28/121) and a low-risk type in 7.4%. Among the high-risk genotypes, HPV-31 was the most common one present in 20% (21/77), followed by HPV-16 in 11.4% (12/77). Coinfections between two or more genotypes were observed in 12 cases.
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