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  • Over 675,000 lay people trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation worldwide - The "World Restart a Heart (WRAH)" initiative 2018.

    Böttiger, B W; Lockey, A; Aickin, R; Bertaut, T; Castren, M; de Caen, A; Censullo, E; Escalante, R; Gent, L; Georgiou, M; Kern, K B; Khan, A M S; Lim, S H; Nadkarni, V; Nation, K; Neumar, R W; Nolan, J P; Rao, S S C C; Stanton, D; Toporas, C; Wang, T-L; Wong, G; Perkins, G D (Elsevier Ireland Ltd, 2019-05-01)
    Cartas al editor
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Programa de mindfulness para la reducción de la ansiedad precompetitiva en deportistas de artes marciales

    Trujillo-Torrealva, Daniel; Reyes Bossio, Mario; (Federación Española de Asociaciones Docentes de Educación Física, 2019-01)
    El objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar el efecto de un programa de intervención con componente mindfulness para la reducción de la ansiedad precompetitiva, el cual fue adaptado de programas que han demostrado su eficacia. La intervención estuvo compuesta por 12 sesiones de 1 hora de duración. Participaron en el estudio 33 deportistas de artes marciales (M = 18.97 años, DE = 1.64; 69.7% hombres). La ansiedad precompetitiva fue evaluada con la versión revisada del Inventario de Ansiedad Estado Competitiva -2 (CSAI-2R; Cox, Martens y Rusell, 2003), antes y después del periodo de la intervención. De acuerdo al grado de participación en la intervención, la muestra fue dividida en 2 grupos: Grupo Control (GC, n = 16) y Grupo Experimental (GE, n = 17). Los resultados evidenciaron diferencias significativas con tamaños del efecto grandes en la medida post test del GE, revelando una disminución en los niveles de ansiedad somática y cognitiva, y un aumento en los niveles de autoconfianza. Mientras, en el GC, no se obtuvo diferencias significativas y los tamaños del efecto fueron irrelevantes
    Acceso abierto
  • Postbuckling Analysis of Functionally Graded Beams

    Soncco, K; Jorge, X; Arciniega, R.A. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2019-02-26)
    This paper studies the geometrically non-linear bending behavior of functionally graded beams subjected to buckling loads using the finite element method. The computational model is based on an improved first-order shear deformation theory for beams with five independent variables. The abstract finite element formulation is derived by means of the principle of virtual work. High-order nodal-spectral interpolation functions were utilized to approximate the field variables which minimizes the locking problem. The incremental/iterative solution technique of Newton's type is implemented to solve the nonlinear equations. The model is verified with benchmark problems available in the literature. The objective is to investigate the effect of volume fraction variation in the response of functionally graded beams made of ceramics and metals. As expected, the results show that transverse deflections vary significantly depending on the ceramic and metal combination.
  • Relationship between stunting in children 6 to 36 months of age and maternal employment status in Peru: A sub-analysis of the Peruvian Demographic and Health Survey

    Chávez-Zárate, Airin; Maguiña, Jorge L.; Quichiz-Lara, Antoinette Danciana; Zapata-Fajardo, Patricia Edith; Mayta-Tristan, Percy; (Public Library of Science, 2019-04)
    Objectives This study aimed to determine the relationship between stunting in children 6 to 36 months old and maternal employment status in Peru. Methods A secondary data analysis was conducted using information from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in Peru. We used a representative sample of 4637 mother-child binomials to determine the association between stunting in children 6 to 36 months of age and the employment status of their mothers. Results The prevalence of stunting among children was 15.9% (95% CI: 13.9–16.7). The prevalence of working mothers was 63.7%. No association was found between maternal employment status and the presence of stunting in children [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.04; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.9 to 1.2; p = 0.627). However, on multivariate analysis we found that the prevalence of stunting was significantly higher among children of mothers performing unpaid work (12.4%) (PR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.2–1.6; p < 0.001) compared with those of paid working mothers. Conclusion No significant association was found between maternal employment status and the presence of stunting in children 6 to 36 months of age. However, children of mothers doing unpaid work are at higher risk of stunting. These findings support the implementation of educational programs and labour policies to reduce the prevalence of stunting among children. © 2019 Chávez-Zárate et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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  • Comments on the Study "The Sensitivity, Specificity and Accuracy of Warning Signs in Predicting Severe Dengue, the Severe Dengue Prevalence and Its Associated Factors"

    Poletti-Jabbour, G.; Elejalde-Farfán, N.; (NLM (Medline), 2019-03-14)
    Comments were made on the article “The Sensitivity, Specificity and Accuracy of Warning Signs in Predicting Severe Dengue, the Severe Dengue Prevalence and Its Associated Factors” found in the journal “International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health” based on the CASP Checklist’s guide for the assessment of diagnostic tests.
    Acceso abierto
  • Organically vs conventionally-grown dark and white chia seeds (salvia hispanica L.): Fatty acid composition, antioxidant activity and techno-functional properties

    K., Alvites-Misajel; García-Gutiérrez, M.; Miranda-Rodríguez, C.; Ramos-Escudero, F.; (CSIC Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 2019-04-02)
    The effects of organic and conventional crop systems on chemical composition, antioxidant activity and functional properties were evaluated in white and dark chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds. The organic system reduced the total protein content, and increased the total carbohydrates but did not change polyunsaturated fatty acids, total phenolic or flavonoids. Organic white chia seeds showed the best techno-functional properties. The antioxidant capacity of chia extracts varied in relation to the chemical complexity and differential rate kinetics of different assays. Extractable total phenolic acids and antioxidant capacity were better in organic white chia seeds. In this first approach, we have demonstrated that the organic white chia seed has a better total antioxidant capacity measured by direct quencher approaches than its conventionally-grown counterpart. To summarize, we conclude that the organic white chia seed could be a dietary source of antioxidants with a potential to promote health benefits in systemic functions and/or microbiota and the use of its techno-functional properties for the food industry.
    Acceso abierto
  • Nosocomial infections increase the length of hospital stay

    Carpio-Zevallos, Marcelo Sebastián; Sobrado-Jara, Katherine Susana; Carreazo, Nilton Yhuri (Elsevier Ltd, 2019-04-30)
    Cartas al editor
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Social license to operate in the mining industry: the case of Peru

    Sícoli Pósleman, Claudia; Sallan, Jose M.; (Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2019-03-15)
    Mining is an important industry in Peru, but local communities where mining takes place do not perceive its benefits. Mining corporations need to achieve legitimacy within these communities. The main objective of this study is to identify the factors that determine the provision of social licenses to operate in Peru’s mining regions. We conducted this research using a case study of two Peruvian mining companies. Our study concludes with the identification of four essential factors needed to achieve a social license to operate within these communities: a deep understanding of the socioeconomic environment, a strong commitment to the community, an active presence of Government, and effective communication between the actors involved in mining activities. The combination of these elements can result in improved trust levels between companies and society, enabling all agents to recognize the costs and benefits resulting from mining.
    Acceso abierto
  • Cloud Model for Purchase Management in Health Sector of Peru based on IoT and Blockchain

    Celiz, Rodrigo Cubas; De La Cruz, Yasmin Escriba; Sanchez, David Mauricio; (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019-01)
    Purchase management of medical supplies is a critical and important process that affects the services provision quality. Nonetheless, it is facing a growing pressure to provide visibility and traceability of the purchase, to reduce fraud, to improve flexibility and to ensure communication between everyone involved. Currently, private health institutions in Peru choose to implant different software products within the same company with restricted visibility access to other concerned parties and based on information from a single source. A new alternative is Blockchain technology, since it provides a single source of shared truth to all participants and ensures that the information cannot be altered, thus offering high levels of transparency that, together with IoT technology, creates not only visibility about where things are, but also traceability, showing the current state of things.
  • Migration crisis in Venezuela: impact on HIV in Peru

    Rebolledo-Ponietsky, K; Munayco, C V; Mezones-Holguín, E; (Oxford University Press, 2019-02-01)
    Cartas al editor
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Is manual therapy based on neurodynamic techniques effective in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome? A randomized controlled trial.

    Miranda-Medina, José; Cavigiolo, Mateo Barba; Soto, Alonso; Wolny, T; Linek, Pawel (SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019-01-28)
    Cartas al editor
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  • Risk of community-acquired pneumonia in older adults with sarcopenia of a hospital from Callao, Peru 2010–2015

    Altuna-Venegas, Sofia; Aliaga-Vega, Raul; Maguiña, Jorge L.; Parodi, Jose F.; Runzer-Colmenares, Fernando M. (Elsevier Ireland Ltd, 2019-06)
    Introduction: Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome characterized by loss of muscle mass and strength. The prevalence in people between 60–70 years is about 5–13% and in adults over 80 years, between 11–50% in the USA. Sarcopenia increases the risk of mortality and nosocomial infections. Community-acquired pneumonia is the first infectious-related cause of death in elderly people. However, there is lack of evidence about the association between sarcopenia and pneumonia. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of community-acquired pneumonia in older adults with sarcopenia in a Peruvian hospital. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in the geriatrics service of Centro Medico Naval “Cirujano Mayor Santiago Tavara”. Sarcopenia was defined by “European Consensus of Sarcopenia” criteria. MultivariatePoisson regression model was conducted to estimate the effect of the independent association between sarcopenia and pneumonia. Results: A total of 1598 subjects were enrolled, 59.0% were male; with a mean age of 78.3 ± 8.6 years. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 15.1% (95% CI: 13.3–16.8) and the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia was 15.14% (95%CI 13.4–16.9). In the multivariate model, we found a higher incidence of pneumonia in sarcopenic compared to non-sarcopenic, RR(a) 3.88 (95% CI: 2.82–5.33). Discussion: Our study showed a higher incidence of community-acquired pneumonia in sarcopenic subject. Results provide information on the importance of detecting this syndrome because it gives us scientific evidence of the interest of a correct comprehensive geriatric assessment in older patients with a high risk of pneumonia.
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  • Hipótesis alternativas sobre los beneficios de los fermentados sobre la microbiota intestinal

    Bernardi Espinoza, Diego; Jiménez Guerrero, Carlos Fernando; Milon, Pohl (ARAN Ediciones S.A., 2018-11)
    Cartas al editor
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  • Dengue diagnosis in an endemic area of Peru: Clinical characteristics and positive frequencies by RT-PCR and serology for NS1, IgM, and IgG

    Palomares-Reyes, Carlos; Silva-Caso, Wilmer; del Valle, Luis J.; Aguilar-Luis, Miguel Angel; Weilg, Claudia; Martins-Luna, Johanna; Viñas-Ospino, Adriana; Stimmler, Luciana; Mallqui Espinoza, Naysha; Aquino Ortega, Ronald; Espinoza Espíritu, Walter; Misaico, Erika; del Valle-Mendoza, Juana; (Elsevier B.V., 2019-04)
    Background: Huánuco is a central eastern region of Peru whose geography includes high forest and low jungle, as well as a mountain range that constitutes the inter-Andean valleys. It is considered a region endemic for dengue due to the many favorable conditions that facilitate transmission of the virus. Methods: A total of 268 serum samples from patients in Huánuco, Peru with an acute febrile illness were assessed for the presence of dengue virus (DENV) via RT-PCR and NS1, IgM, and IgG ELISA during December 2015 and March 2016. Results: DENV was detected in 25% of samples via RT-PCR, 19% of samples by NS1 antigen ELISA, and 10.5% of samples by IgM ELISA. DENV IgG was detected in 15.7% of samples by ELISA. The most frequent symptoms associated with fever across all groups were headache, myalgia, and arthralgia, with no significant difference between the four test methods Conclusions: In this study, DENV was identified in up to 25% of the samples using the standard laboratory method. In addition, a correlation was established between the frequency of positive results and the serological tests that determine NS1, IgM, and IgG. There is an increasing need for point-of-care tests to strengthen epidemiological surveillance in Peru.
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  • Association between social media use (Twitter, Instagram, Facebook) and depressive symptoms: Are Twitter users at higher risk?

    Jeri-Yabar, Antoine; Sanchez-Carbonel, Alejandra; Tito, Karen; Ramirez-delCastillo, Jimena; Torres-Alcantara, Alessandra; Denegri, Daniela; Carreazo, Nilton Yhuri (SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019-02)
    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms and also, to characterize the level of dependence. It was a transversal, analytical research. Subjects and Methods: The stratified sample was 212 students from a private university that used Facebook, Instagram and/or Twitter. To measure depressive symptoms, Beck Depression Inventory was used, and to measure the dependence to social media, the Social Media Addiction Test was used, adapted from the Internet Addiction Test of Echeburúa. The collected data were subjected for analysis by descriptive statistics where STATA12 was used. Results: The results show that there is an association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms (PR [Prevalence Ratio] = 2.87, CI [Confidence Interval] 2.03–4.07). It was also shown that preferring the use of Twitter (PR = 1.84, CI 1.21–2.82) over Instagram (PR = 1.61, CI 1.13–2.28) is associated with depressive symptoms when compared to the use of Facebook. Conclusion: Excessive social media use is associated with depressive symptoms in university students, being more prominent in those who prefer the use of Twitter over Facebook and Instagram.
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Comment on: Tools Measuring Quality of Death, Dying, and Care, Completed After Death: Systematic Review of Psychometric Properties

    Montoya-Medina, José E.; Poletti-Jabbour, Giordana; Urrunaga, Nicole; Jiménez, Heyson A.;; (Springer International Publishing, 2019-02)
    Cartas al editor.
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Association of antepartum suicidal ideation during the third trimester with infant birth weight and gestational age at delivery

    Gelaye, Bizu; Domingue, Amber; Rebelo, Fernanda; Friedman, Lauren E; Qiu, Chunfang; Sanchez, Sixto E; Larrabure-Torrealva, Gloria; Williams, Michelle A; (Routledge, 2019-02)
    Antepartum suicidal behaviors are a leading cause of maternal injury and death. Previous research has not investigated associations between antepartum suicidal ideation and perinatal complications. Our study objective was to evaluate the relationship of antepartum suicidal ideation with low infant birthweight, small for gestational age, and preterm birth. A cohort study was conducted among 1,108 women receiving prenatal care in Peru. Suicidal ideation was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 during pregnancy. Birth outcomes were extracted from medical records. Linear regressions and multivariable logistic regressions were used to estimate were used to investigate associations between suicidal ideation and pregnancy outcomes. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 8.7%, preterm delivery was 5.7%, low birthweight was 4.4%, and small for gestational age was 3.4%. In an adjusted model, infant birthweight was 94.2 grams lower for mothers with antepartum suicidal ideation (95% CI: −183.0, −5.5, p = 0.037) compared with those without suicidal ideation. After adjusting for confounders including depression, participants with suicidal ideation had a nearly four-fold increased odds of delivering a small for gestational age infant (OR: 3.73; 95% CI: 1.59–8.74). These findings suggest suicidal ideation during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, especially low infant birthweight.
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • Consumo y confianza de los cibermedios en Perú. Un estudio sobre los estudiantes universitarios

    Ibáñez, D.B.; Freundt-Thurne, Úrsula; Montemayor, D.J.G.; Garzón, K.T.P; (Associacao Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao, 2018-11)
    The virtual public space tends to be articulated as an extension of the contemporary public sphere. However, this is a process that is not being developed horizontally at a global level, there are countries that, like Peru, are identified by the predominant mediation of traditional media, as a consequence of the digital divide, according to which approximately half of the population is still not connected. This study presents the results of a survey of 720 university students in Peru, and our interest lies in describing aspects such as the relationship between trust and consumption of digital media in this country; the main characteristics required of an informative website; the most used interaction mechanisms; and, ultimately, how a group so relevant to Peruvian democracy, such as young university students, tends to channel their participation and experience online.
    Acceso abierto
  • Comments on “Affective instability in those with and without mental disorders: A case control study” by Marwaha et al.

    Cornejo-Rojas, Diego A; Castillo-Soto, Ana; Araujo-Castillo, Roger V; (Elsevier B.V., 2019-03)
    This letter has the purpose to comment the article by Marwaha et al. regarding affective instability and mental disorders. We wish to highlight the importance to report the proper measures of association in case-control studies, and the impact of adjusting the results when finding associations with possible confounders in the bivariate analysis.
    Acceso restringido temporalmente
  • A Detection Method of Ectocervical Cell Nuclei for Pap test Images, Based on Adaptive Thresholds and Local Derivatives

    Oscanoa1, Julio; Mena, Marcelo; Kemper, Guillermo; (Science and Engineering Research Support Society, 2015-04)
    Cervical cancer is one of the main causes of death by disease worldwide. In Peru, it holds the first place in frequency and represents 8% of deaths caused by sickness. To detect the disease in the early stages, one of the most used screening tests is the cervix Papanicolaou test. Currently, digital images are increasingly being used to improve Pap test efficiency. This work develops an algorithm based on adaptive thresholds, which will be used in Pap smear assisted quality control software. The first stage of the method is a pre-processing step, in which noise and background removal is done. Next, a block is segmented for each one of the points selected as not background, and a local threshold per block is calculated to search for cell nuclei. If a nucleus is detected, an artifact rejection follows, where only cell nuclei and inflammatory cells are left for the doctors to interpret. The method was validated with a set of 55 images containing 2317 cells. The algorithm successfully recognized 92.3% of the total nuclei in all images collected.
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