Factores asociados al estado neurológico al alta hospitalaria en pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico, en un hospital de Lima Metropolitana, entre los años 2008 – 2015.
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AdvisorsSoto Tarazona, Alonso
Chipana Sotomayor, Marco
Tratamiento de urgencia
Toma de decisiones
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Citation1. Fátima M De, Alessandra G. Factores asociados al estado neurológico al alta hospitalaria en pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico , en un hospital de Lima Metropolitana , entre los años [Internet]. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2017. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/10757/621096
AbstractObjective: To determine the prognostic factors of unfavorable outcomes at hospital discharge or up to 28 days of hospital stay assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) in patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) undergoing surgical treatment. Methods: An observational, retrospective cohort study was conducted. The medical records of 179 patients from 2008 - 2015 were reviewed. The primary outcome was the presence of an unfavorable outcome defined as a result of GOS disability at hospital discharge. The possible prognostic factors evaluated were clinical, laboratory and tomographic data obtained at emergency admission, in addition to intraoperative time and type of surgery. For the statistical analysis of the crude association, Chi Square tests and Fisher's exact test were used for the categorical variables, and Student's t for the numerical variables. For the adjusted analysis, a model of Poisson Regression with robust variances was used. Results: Of the 290 patients included in the study, 179 were found with favorable outcomes and 111 with unfavorable outcomes. Most (86.21%) were male and with a median age of 40 years. The most common cause of TBI were falls (45.33%), considering the epidural hematoma (34.87%) as the most prevalent type of TBI. The predominant category of the Marshall computed tomography classification was type II diffuse lesion (36.21%). The severity of TBI at admission measured by the Glasgow Coma Scale (ECG) was classified as mild with 153 patients (52.76%), moderate with 84 (28.97%) and severe with 53 (18.28%). In the bivariate model, we found an association between unfavorable outcomes and the variables age, time of disease, Intraoperative time, the severity of TBI at admission, cause of TBI, type of surgery, extracranial injury, pupillary reactivity, Marshall classification, the type of TBI (epidural hematoma, acute subdural hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage), hemoglobin, glycemia, blood transfusion and mechanical ventilation. In the final multivariate analysis, there was only association with the severity of TBI at admission and Marshall's tomographic classification. Conclusions: Increased severity of TCE at admission and a higher grade in the Marshall computed tomography classification are associated with a high frequency of unfavorable outcomes in patients with surgically treated TBI.
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