Fruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Peru

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622277
Title:
Fruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Peru
Authors:
Wolniczak, Isabella; Cáceres-DelAguila, José A.; Maguiña, Jorge L.; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio ( 0000-0002-6834-1376 )
Citation:
Fruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Peru 2017, 12 (10):e0186379 PLOS ONE
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Journal:
PLOS ONE
Issue Date:
12-Oct-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/622277
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0186379
Additional Links:
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186379
Abstract:
Objectives: Among different factors, diet patterns seem to be related to depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the consumption of fruits and/or vegetables and depressive symptoms. Methodology/Principal findings: A secondary data analysis was conducted using information from a population-based survey from 25 regions from Peru. The outcome was the presence of depressive symptoms according to the Patient Health Questionnaire (cutoff 15 to define major depressive syndrome); whereas the exposure was the self-reported consumption of fruits and/or vegetables (in tertiles and using WHO recommendation 5 servings/day). The association of interest was evaluated using Poisson regression models controlling for the complex-sample survey design and potential confounders. Data from 25,901 participants were analyzed, mean age 44.2 (SD: 17.7) and 13,944 (54.0%) women. Only 910 (3.8%; 95%CI: 3.5%–4.2%) individuals reported consuming 5 servings of fruits and/or vegetables/day; whereas 819 (2.8%; 95%CI: 2.5%–3.1%) had depressive symptoms. Those in the lowest tertile of fruits and/or vegetables consumption had greater prevalence of depressive symptoms (PR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.39–2.55) than those in the highest tertile. This association was stronger with fruits (PR = 1.92; 95%CI: 1.46–2.53) than vegetables (PR = 1.42; 95%CI: 1.05–1.93) alone. Conclusions: An inverse relationship between consumption of fruits and/or vegetables and depressive symptoms is reported. Less than 5% of subjects reported consuming the amount of fruits and vegetables recommended by the WHO. There is a need to implement strategies to promote better diet patterns with potential impact on mental health. © 2017 Wolniczak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Type:
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights:
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Language:
eng
Keywords:
Depression; Geriatric depression; Diet; Peru; Health and psychiatry; Educational attainment; Hypertension; Chi square tests
ISSN:
1932-6203
Email:
antonio.bernabe@upch.pe

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWolniczak, Isabellaes
dc.contributor.authorCáceres-DelAguila, José A.es
dc.contributor.authorMaguiña, Jorge L.es
dc.contributor.authorBernabe-Ortiz, Antonioes
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-21T15:30:53Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-21T15:30:53Z-
dc.date.issued2017-10-12-
dc.identifier.citationFruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Peru 2017, 12 (10):e0186379 PLOS ONEes
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0186379-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10757/622277-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Among different factors, diet patterns seem to be related to depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the consumption of fruits and/or vegetables and depressive symptoms. Methodology/Principal findings: A secondary data analysis was conducted using information from a population-based survey from 25 regions from Peru. The outcome was the presence of depressive symptoms according to the Patient Health Questionnaire (cutoff 15 to define major depressive syndrome); whereas the exposure was the self-reported consumption of fruits and/or vegetables (in tertiles and using WHO recommendation 5 servings/day). The association of interest was evaluated using Poisson regression models controlling for the complex-sample survey design and potential confounders. Data from 25,901 participants were analyzed, mean age 44.2 (SD: 17.7) and 13,944 (54.0%) women. Only 910 (3.8%; 95%CI: 3.5%–4.2%) individuals reported consuming 5 servings of fruits and/or vegetables/day; whereas 819 (2.8%; 95%CI: 2.5%–3.1%) had depressive symptoms. Those in the lowest tertile of fruits and/or vegetables consumption had greater prevalence of depressive symptoms (PR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.39–2.55) than those in the highest tertile. This association was stronger with fruits (PR = 1.92; 95%CI: 1.46–2.53) than vegetables (PR = 1.42; 95%CI: 1.05–1.93) alone. Conclusions: An inverse relationship between consumption of fruits and/or vegetables and depressive symptoms is reported. Less than 5% of subjects reported consuming the amount of fruits and vegetables recommended by the WHO. There is a need to implement strategies to promote better diet patterns with potential impact on mental health. © 2017 Wolniczak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.es
dc.formatapplication/pdfes
dc.language.isoenges
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencees
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186379es
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectDepressiones
dc.subjectGeriatric depressiones
dc.subjectDietes
dc.subjectPerues
dc.subjectHealth and psychiatryes
dc.subjectEducational attainmentes
dc.subjectHypertensiones
dc.subjectChi square testses
dc.titleFruits and vegetables consumption and depressive symptoms: A population-based study in Perues
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.identifier.journalPLOS ONEes
dc.description.peerreviewRevisión por pareses_PE
dc.contributor.emailantonio.bernabe@upch.pees_PE
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