Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/620993
Title:
Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru
Authors:
Carnero, Andres M.; Mayta Tristán, Percy ( 0000-0002-0861-6606 ) ; Konda, Kelika A.; Mezones Holguín, Edward ( 0000-0001-7168-8613 ) ; Bernabe Ortiz, Antonio ( 0000-0002-6834-1376 ) ; Alvarado, German F.; Canelo Aybar, Carlos; Maguiña, Jorge L.; Segura Paúcar, Eddy Roberto ( 0000-0003-3580-7712 ) ; Quispe, Antonio M.; Smith, Edward S.; Bayer, Angela M.; Lescano, Andres G.
Citation:
Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru 2016 Science and Engineering Ethics
Publisher:
Springer International Publishing
Journal:
Science and Engineering Ethics
Issue Date:
15-Nov-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/620993
DOI:
10.1007/s11948-016-9820-z
Additional Links:
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11948-016-9820-z
Abstract:
Plagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011–2014) of an Epidemiology Masters’ program in Lima, Peru, and describe the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, “zero-tolerance” policy aimed at introducing research integrity. Two cases involved cheating in graded assignments, and five cases correspond to plagiarism in the thesis protocol. Cases revealed poor awareness and high tolerance to plagiarism, poor academic performance, and widespread writing deficiencies, compensated with patchwriting and copy-pasting. Depending on the events’ severity, penalties included course failure (6/7) and separation from the program (3/7). Students at fault did not engage in further plagiarism. Between 2011 and 2013, the Masters’ program sequentially introduced a preventive policy consisting of: (i) intensified research integrity and scientific writing education, (ii) a stepwise, cumulative writing process; (iii) honor codes; (iv) active search for plagiarism in all academic products; and (v) a “zero tolerance” policy in response to documented cases. No cases were detected in 2014. In conclusion, plagiarism seems to be widespread in resource-limited settings and a greater response with educational and zero-tolerance components is needed to prevent it.
Type:
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights:
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Language:
eng
Keywords:
Research integrity; Plagiarism; Cheating; Graduate education; Peru
ISSN:
1353-3452; 1471-5546
Sponsors:
This study was funded by the training Grant 2D43 TW007393-06 awarded to the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 (NAMRU-6) by the Fogarty International Center of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Email:
andres.lescano.g@upch.pe

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCarnero, Andres M.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorMayta Tristán, Percyes_PE
dc.contributor.authorKonda, Kelika A.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorMezones Holguín, Edwardes_PE
dc.contributor.authorBernabe Ortiz, Antonioes_PE
dc.contributor.authorAlvarado, German F.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorCanelo Aybar, Carloses_PE
dc.contributor.authorMaguiña, Jorge L.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorSegura Paúcar, Eddy Robertoes_PE
dc.contributor.authorQuispe, Antonio M.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Edward S.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorBayer, Angela M.es_PE
dc.contributor.authorLescano, Andres G.es_PE
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-09T22:37:34Z-
dc.date.available2017-02-09T22:37:34Z-
dc.date.issued2016-11-15-
dc.identifier.citationPlagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru 2016 Science and Engineering Ethicses_PE
dc.identifier.issn1353-3452-
dc.identifier.issn1471-5546-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11948-016-9820-z-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10757/620993es_PE
dc.description.abstractPlagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011–2014) of an Epidemiology Masters’ program in Lima, Peru, and describe the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, “zero-tolerance” policy aimed at introducing research integrity. Two cases involved cheating in graded assignments, and five cases correspond to plagiarism in the thesis protocol. Cases revealed poor awareness and high tolerance to plagiarism, poor academic performance, and widespread writing deficiencies, compensated with patchwriting and copy-pasting. Depending on the events’ severity, penalties included course failure (6/7) and separation from the program (3/7). Students at fault did not engage in further plagiarism. Between 2011 and 2013, the Masters’ program sequentially introduced a preventive policy consisting of: (i) intensified research integrity and scientific writing education, (ii) a stepwise, cumulative writing process; (iii) honor codes; (iv) active search for plagiarism in all academic products; and (v) a “zero tolerance” policy in response to documented cases. No cases were detected in 2014. In conclusion, plagiarism seems to be widespread in resource-limited settings and a greater response with educational and zero-tolerance components is needed to prevent it.es_PE
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by the training Grant 2D43 TW007393-06 awarded to the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 (NAMRU-6) by the Fogarty International Center of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_PE
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_PE
dc.language.isoenges_PE
dc.publisherSpringer International Publishinges_PE
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11948-016-9820-zes_PE
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_PE
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.sourceUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio Académico - UPCes_PE
dc.subjectResearch integrityes_PE
dc.subjectPlagiarismes_PE
dc.subjectCheatinges_PE
dc.subjectGraduate educationes_PE
dc.subjectPerues_PE
dc.titlePlagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Perues_PE
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_PE
dc.identifier.journalScience and Engineering Ethicses_PE
dc.contributor.emailandres.lescano.g@upch.pees_PE
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