Asociación entre la religión y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/607402
Title:
Asociación entre la religión y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica
Authors:
Calizaya Gallegos, Carlo
Advisors:
Mayta-Tristan, Percy ( 0000-0002-0861-6606 )
Citation:
Calizaya Gallegos C. Asociación entre la religión y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica [Internet]. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2016 [cited 2016 May 4]. Available from: http://repositorioacademico.upc.edu.pe/upc/handle/10757/607402
Publisher:
Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)
Issue Date:
8-Feb-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10757/607402
Abstract:
Importance: The worldwide scarcity of psychiatrists makes the identification of the factors associated with the intention to choose this specialty an important issue. Psychiatrists are the doctors with the lowest rates of religious affiliation. However, whether religious affiliation is a factor associated with choosing this specialty has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between religious affiliation and the intention to choose psychiatry as a specialty among medical students in 11 Latin American countries. Design, setting and participants: A cross-sectional, multi-sited study that included 8308 first- and fifth-year students at 63 medical schools in 11 Latin American countries between 2011 and 2012. Main outcome and measures: Intention to pursue psychiatry as a specialty over other specialties (yes/no); religious affiliation (without: atheist/agnostic; with: any religion). Results: A total of 53.6% of the participants were women, and the average age was 20.4 (s.d. 2.9) years. A total of 36% were fifth-year students, and11.8% were not affiliated with any religion. Only 2.6% had the intention to choose psychiatry, whereby the highest percentage was among students in Chile (8.1%) and the lowest among students in Mexico (1.1%). It was found that those who had no religious affiliation had a higher probability of reporting the intention to become a psychiatrist [OR: 2.92 (95%CI: 2.14-4.00)] after adjusting for demographic, family, academic as well as personal and professional projection variables. Conclusions and relevance: There is a strong connection between not having a religious affiliation and the intention to be a psychiatrist. According to this logic, interventions could be implemented to incentivize those students who practice a religion to become mental-health professionals as well as other interventions to increase the probability that those who are not affiliated with a religion choose the specialty. However, the possible factors that influence this phenomenon must be evaluated in greater depth, ideally through longitudinal research.
Abstract:
Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre la afiliación religiosa y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica. Diseño, parámetros y participantes: Estudio de corte transversal, multicéntrico que incluyó a 8308 estudiantes de primer y quinto año de 63 escuelas de medicina de 11 países latinoamericanos entre 2011 y 2012. Outcome principal y medidas: Intención de hacer la especialidad de psiquiatría frente a otras especialidades (sí/no); afiliación religiosa (sin: ateo/agnóstico; con: participe de cualquier religión). Resultados: El 53.6% de los participantes eran mujeres y su media de edad fue 20.4 (s.d. 2.9) años. El 36% fueron estudiantes de quinto año. El 11.8% no estaban afiliados a ninguna religión. La intención de ser psiquiatra fue de 2.6%, siendo mayor en estudiantes de Chile (8,1%) y menor en México (1,1%). Se encontró que quienes no estaban afiliados a alguna religión tenían más probabilidad de haber reportado tener intención de ser psiquiatra [OR:2.92 (IC95%:2.14-4.00)], ajustado por variables demográficas, familiares, académicas y de perspectivas profesionales y personales. Conclusiones y Relevancia: Existe una fuerte asociación entre no tener una afiliación religiosa y la intención de ser psiquiatra. Bajo esta lógica, se podrían implementar intervenciones para incentivar a los estudiantes que profesan una religión a convertirse en profesionales de salud mental, así como otras para aumentar aún más la probabilidad de que los no afiliados a ninguna religión opten por la especialidad. Sin embargo, se debe evaluar más a profundidad los posibles factores que influyen en este fenómeno, idealmente a través de estudios longitudinales.
Type:
info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis
Rights:
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Language:
spa
Keywords:
Medicina y religión; Estudiantes de medicina; Orientación vocacional; Psiquiatría; Psiquiatra; América Latina

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorMayta-Tristan, Percyes_PE
dc.contributor.authorCalizaya Gallegos, Carloes_PE
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-28T23:32:44Zes_PE
dc.date.available2016-04-28T23:32:44Zes_PE
dc.date.issued2016-02-08es_PE
dc.identifier.citationCalizaya Gallegos C. Asociación entre la religión y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica [Internet]. Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC); 2016 [cited 2016 May 4]. Available from: http://repositorioacademico.upc.edu.pe/upc/handle/10757/607402es_PE
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10757/607402es_PE
dc.description.abstractImportance: The worldwide scarcity of psychiatrists makes the identification of the factors associated with the intention to choose this specialty an important issue. Psychiatrists are the doctors with the lowest rates of religious affiliation. However, whether religious affiliation is a factor associated with choosing this specialty has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between religious affiliation and the intention to choose psychiatry as a specialty among medical students in 11 Latin American countries. Design, setting and participants: A cross-sectional, multi-sited study that included 8308 first- and fifth-year students at 63 medical schools in 11 Latin American countries between 2011 and 2012. Main outcome and measures: Intention to pursue psychiatry as a specialty over other specialties (yes/no); religious affiliation (without: atheist/agnostic; with: any religion). Results: A total of 53.6% of the participants were women, and the average age was 20.4 (s.d. 2.9) years. A total of 36% were fifth-year students, and11.8% were not affiliated with any religion. Only 2.6% had the intention to choose psychiatry, whereby the highest percentage was among students in Chile (8.1%) and the lowest among students in Mexico (1.1%). It was found that those who had no religious affiliation had a higher probability of reporting the intention to become a psychiatrist [OR: 2.92 (95%CI: 2.14-4.00)] after adjusting for demographic, family, academic as well as personal and professional projection variables. Conclusions and relevance: There is a strong connection between not having a religious affiliation and the intention to be a psychiatrist. According to this logic, interventions could be implemented to incentivize those students who practice a religion to become mental-health professionals as well as other interventions to increase the probability that those who are not affiliated with a religion choose the specialty. However, the possible factors that influence this phenomenon must be evaluated in greater depth, ideally through longitudinal research.eng
dc.description.abstractObjetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre la afiliación religiosa y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoamérica. Diseño, parámetros y participantes: Estudio de corte transversal, multicéntrico que incluyó a 8308 estudiantes de primer y quinto año de 63 escuelas de medicina de 11 países latinoamericanos entre 2011 y 2012. Outcome principal y medidas: Intención de hacer la especialidad de psiquiatría frente a otras especialidades (sí/no); afiliación religiosa (sin: ateo/agnóstico; con: participe de cualquier religión). Resultados: El 53.6% de los participantes eran mujeres y su media de edad fue 20.4 (s.d. 2.9) años. El 36% fueron estudiantes de quinto año. El 11.8% no estaban afiliados a ninguna religión. La intención de ser psiquiatra fue de 2.6%, siendo mayor en estudiantes de Chile (8,1%) y menor en México (1,1%). Se encontró que quienes no estaban afiliados a alguna religión tenían más probabilidad de haber reportado tener intención de ser psiquiatra [OR:2.92 (IC95%:2.14-4.00)], ajustado por variables demográficas, familiares, académicas y de perspectivas profesionales y personales. Conclusiones y Relevancia: Existe una fuerte asociación entre no tener una afiliación religiosa y la intención de ser psiquiatra. Bajo esta lógica, se podrían implementar intervenciones para incentivar a los estudiantes que profesan una religión a convertirse en profesionales de salud mental, así como otras para aumentar aún más la probabilidad de que los no afiliados a ninguna religión opten por la especialidad. Sin embargo, se debe evaluar más a profundidad los posibles factores que influyen en este fenómeno, idealmente a través de estudios longitudinales.es_PE
dc.description.uriTesises_PE
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_PE
dc.formatapplication/epubes_PE
dc.formatapplication/mswordes_PE
dc.language.isospaes_PE
dc.publisherUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es_PE
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_PE
dc.sourceUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC)es_PE
dc.sourceRepositorio Académico UPCes_PE
dc.subjectMedicina y religiónes_PE
dc.subjectEstudiantes de medicinaes_PE
dc.subjectOrientación vocacionales_PE
dc.subjectPsiquiatríaes_PE
dc.subjectPsiquiatraes_PE
dc.subjectAmérica Latinaes_PE
dc.titleAsociación entre la religión y la intención de optar por la especialidad de psiquiatría en estudiantes de medicina de 11 países de Latinoaméricaes_PE
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesises_PE
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thesis.degree.grantorUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC). Facultad de Ciencias de la Saludes_PE
thesis.degree.levelLicenciaturaes_PE
thesis.degree.disciplineMedicinaes_PE
thesis.degree.nameMédico cirujanoes_PE
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